European Air Bus Industry

Basic Cases

Collaboration member companies have the Netherlands of Fox and Belgian Airbus, the former did not participate in the A320 project, the latter participated in the A300 project, both in economic Contribute to the development of the "Airbus" transportation machine. The Airbus is responsible for coordinating its members in the development and production of the "Airbus" transportation machine series, and unified the sales and after-sales service of the product. The company itself does not have a production plant or research test facility.

Historical Level

Before the 1970s, the trunk transport machine used by Western Airlines, is basically supplied by the British and US countries, and the United States has absolute advantages. In the 1960s, Western Europe see the prosperity of world air transport, 70% of them should be medium and short-range routes, which are interested in competing with the US civil aviation market. Western European countries realize that they are only united, their aviation industry can survive and develop, and contribute to the extensive international market. So, France, the United Kingdom, with the Federal German government signed an agreement on September 26, 1967, decided to fund the company to develop A300 passenger aircraft. In 1968, the British government exited the above agreement, but Hawke. Sidley still decided to continue to participate in cooperation. On May 29, 1969, the French and Federal Germany signed an agreement, decided to fund their respective companies, officially conducting the development and production of A300 passenger aircraft. After a year and a half, the three countries related companies officially formed the internationally joint Air Bus Industry Company, carrying out the development, production and sales and after-sales service business of the A300 series of trunk transporters.


The company has two subsidiaries. One is an aviation training center (AeroFormation), which is also the training of the driver and maintenance personnel of "Airbus", and the other is the North American Air Bus Industry (aina), responsible for sales in North America. And after-sales service business, AIN is located in Dulus International Airport, which is located in Washington, USA, is responsible for maintenance and spare parts supply.

Market status

From the A300 passenger plane in May 1974. Up to 1984, the business situation of the Airbus company is in the style of entrepreneurial, and the sales volume of the A300 and A310 in the double-haired wide-body passenger plane exceeds Boeing 767, but the total sales volume of the company's products is not ideal, it seems that it is not yet Arrived from its profit and loss list; but since 1985, especially in 1986. The order quantity of A320 has grown soon, so that the sales of Air Bus companies exceed Mai Dao company, becoming the second aircraft manufacturing enterprise in Western, second only to Boeing Civil Engineering Branch. So far, the "Airbus" has a total of 3,750 orders, 2,200 deliveries.

Currently, the company produces "Airbus" transporter series products, mainly medium-tech wide-body transporters A300 and A310, medium short-range narrow-body transporters A320, medium remote transporters A330 and A340, and a large number of them Modification.


(1) reflect the University of Western Europe. The purpose of Western European cooperation is to fight for the survival and development of Western Europe, using the "Airbus" series to break the monopoly in large passenger planes. Western Europe has a high level of technology, but the financial resources of countries are limited. The market is limited, and it is unable to survive. Western European countries have participated in the development and production of "Airbus" series products, and the success of product sales has promoted the development of the aviation industry attending the country. The company has become the second place in the production of large-scale civil aviation machines in the world, which has fully proved the necessity of Western Europe.

(2) The model is selected correctly, the technical economy is good, and it is the key to the success of Airbus. The company adopts step-by-step way. First, it is based on the air transport and development trend in Western Europe and other regions, and the wide-body double passenger A300 selected for 300 people is used as the first step. It has a Western European market that has good prospects in other regions, and its economic benefits Super-to-have three-year aircraft and old one-generation passenger aircraft. The second step launched the A310, using a two-person cockpit and high pneumatic efficiency, according to the company, according to the company, each relatively direct usage fee is lower than the similar passenger aircraft. In the third step, the A320 is introduced, and the electric transmission manipulation is used, simplifies the cockpit meter arrangement, computer control flight, and obtains 483 orders before the product delivery of its technical economy. In the fourth step, the A330 / 340 is to pourage 250-300 people from the 90s market blank, defeating the MD-1L of the former McDe, and the Boeing 777 aircraft began delivery in advance, firm It takes the market. From the above, the Airbus company has been further admitted to the product of the products in advanced half-generation products.

(3) Indirectly receives support from governments. The Airbus company claims to be "transparent" financially, means that there is no capital itself, just a "crossing the gods". It adopts the organizational form of "Economic Interest Group", and distributes the development and production of products to Member companies. The funds needed to receive a variety of support of the Government, which is a well-known fact. Since its establishment, Air Bus Company has not been publicly open to foreign public accounts, and can only provide an indirect support for participating governments from data. For example, the French and Federal Government guarantees that the French aircraft and MBB have been supported on the A300 / 310/320 project, and 90% of its development costs will be obtained in various forms before each model reaches the balance of the profit and loss. The loan; the Spanish government has subsidized Casa's loss on the "Airbus" project. Another example is to develop A330 / 340 passenger aircraft, relevant governments will loans $ 2.5 billion to their companies.

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