"Modern Chinese Dictionary" is another important cultural project of Shanghai Lexicography Publishing House following the national project "Chinese Dictionary", which is listed in the "News and Publications Administration". The Ninth Five-Year Plan for the publication of national key books. While fully absorbing the relevant achievements and materials in the "Chinese Dictionary", this dictionary also supplemented numerous entries and a large amount of corpus according to the new compilation guidelines, and constructed a brand new large-scale interpretation of modern Chinese vocabulary. Reference book.
The modern Chinese vocabulary collected in this dictionary includes vocabulary and live spoken language in vernacular writings since the 20th century. Among them, Putonghua vocabulary is the main part, and the classical Chinese words that are still in use today are also included. Broad dialect words and foreign words. In view of the rapid development of contemporary languages, this dictionary also pays attention to the extensive collection of new words, new meanings and idioms with abundant escapes. In addition, taking into account the development and progress of society, the vocabulary in the field of daily life and the terminology in the specialized field are frequently approached and blended, which has formed the increasing scope of the language dictionary. The dictionary pays special attention to the selection of popular specialized subjects in daily life. Words, so that the coverage of the dictionary is wide.
This dictionary has a total of more than 15,000 single-character entries (including traditional and variant characters), more than 100,000 multi-character entries, and 8.5 million words, which can be said to be the largest and largest in the existing modern Chinese dictionary. A large-scale language reference book with the most receipts and the most information.
This dictionary uses "characters with words" to arrange according to the radicals and stroke order. In terms of the form and sound of the characters, the relevant national norms and standards such as the "First Batch of Variant Characters Sorting Table" are fully implemented. , "Simplified Characters List", "Putonghua Variant Pronunciation List", "Modern Chinese Common Character List", etc., to correct the shape and sound, and follow the "Management of the Use of Chinese Characters in Publications" issued by the Press and Publication Administration and the National Language Commission. "Regulations", standard Chinese characters shall be used in all texts, and non-standard traditional and variant characters shall not be used. This measure not only highlights the normative features of this dictionary, but will also promote the standardization of Chinese characters and the standardization and standardization of Chinese.
In addition, while implementing the principle of orthography, this dictionary also makes a scientific and meticulous arrangement of the complex phonetic and meaning relationships between simplified and traditional Chinese characters and orthodox forms, and sets up characters according to different phonetic meanings. The head, and the corresponding compound words are brought out under the respective heads, so that the reader can understand the correspondence between simplified and traditional characters and orthographic characters at a glance without confusion. This arrangement is still a new attempt, and it will surely bring a brand new feeling to readers.
The phonological interpretation part of this dictionary strives to be scientifically based, meticulous and precise. It generally provides definitions for specialized items. In addition to sub-paraphrases for linguistic items, try to cite documentary evidence, examples, or etymology Sexual research, etc., to enhance its academic content. In addition to the traditional radical arrangement of entries in the main text, this dictionary also has a single-character stroke index before the main text, and a sequence index after the main text for the convenience of readers. In addition, this dictionary has 14 appendices, which expands the knowledge capacity of the book and brings a lot of convenience to readers.
Six major features
While fully absorbing the relevant achievements and materials in the "Chinese Dictionary", according to the new compilation guidelines, supplemented A large number of entries and a large amount of corpus have formed a brand-new large-scale reference book for the interpretation of modern Chinese vocabulary.
Comprehensive collection of words
The collected modern Chinese vocabulary includes vocabulary and lively spoken language in vernacular writings since the 20th century. Among them, Mandarin vocabulary is mainly used, and it has also been accommodated. Classical Chinese words in use, widely spread dialect words and foreign words. Also pay attention to the extensive collection of new words, new meanings and idioms with rich escapes. In addition, taking into account the development and progress of society, the vocabulary in the field of daily life and the vocabulary of the specialized field are frequently approached and blended, and special attention has been paid to the selection of specialized words circulating in daily life to make the dictionary cover a wide range.
The science of arranging
Use the method of "character with words" to arrange according to radicals and stroke order. In terms of the form and sound of characters, the relevant national standards and regulations shall be fully implemented. In orthographic, orthographic, and in compliance with the "Administrative Regulations on the Use of Chinese Characters in Publications" issued by the Press and Publication Administration and the National Language Commission, the text shall use standardized Chinese characters instead of irregular complex and variant characters. It not only highlights the normative characteristics of dictionaries, but also promotes the standardization of Chinese characters and the standardization and standardization of Chinese characters. In addition, while implementing the principle of orthography, this dictionary also makes a scientific and meticulous comparison of the complex phonetic-meaning relationships between simplified and traditional Chinese characters and orthodox forms. The corresponding compound words are brought out under the head, so that readers can understand the correspondence between simplified and traditional characters and orthographic characters at a glance without confusion. This arrangement is a new attempt, and it will definitely bring a brand new feeling to readers.
Interpretation and interpretation
The interpretation of sound and meaning strives for scientific evidence, meticulous and precise. Generally, definitions are given for specialty items. For verbal items, in addition to sub-item interpretations, they should try to provide documentary evidence, Language examples or etymological research, etc., to enhance its academic content.
In addition to the traditional radical arrangement of entries in the main text, there is also a single-character stroke index before the main text and a sequence index after the main text to facilitate the reader's inspection.
The phonetic, radical, number of strokes, structure, and five strokes are given for each Chinese character, and some characters are given in traditional (or variant).
Zhuyin strictly follows the language standards promulgated by the relevant state departments. The interpretation is accurate and concise, the list of words is comprehensive, and the sentences are practically used.
Practicability of grouping words and making sentences is close to life, adapts to social development, and is full of the flavor of the times; especially with five strokes input, which is convenient for computer input.
Catalogue of works
Summary list of radicals (front cover 2)
Single-character stroke index
Volume 1 to Zhe Part
Volume 2 to Yibu
Volume 3 from Xiaobu to Shibu
Vol.4 Yibu to Ribu
Volume 5 Beibu to Libu
Volume 6 Acupoint to Libu (with words starting with foreign letters)
Chronology of Xia-Shang-Wednesday Chronicles
Comparison table of emperors' chronology, Ganzhi chronology, AD chronology (Qin~Qing)
Summary table of sixteen states regimes during the Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties
A brief table of the regimes of the Ten Kingdoms during the Five Dynasties
Chinese Pinyin Plan
The name table of the radicals of Chinese characters
An example of comparing the old and new glyphs>
Joint notice on the revision and issuance of "Usage of Punctuation Marks"
Structural types and stroke order rules of Chinese characters
Table of commonly used units of measurement
Han kinship Table
List of important festivals at home and abroad
Comparison table of twenty-four solar terms
Summary table of Chinese ethnic minorities
Single-character pinyin indexp>