Fule wisdom

Content Description

Fule Wisdom (قۇقۇاغۇ ىىىىگ) (14 photos)

"Fule Wisdom" means a happy knowledge, 82 (13288 rows) composition. It mainly states the reason and authors of our own philosophy, moral thinking, with a unique way, namely the image of four characters: the king "sunrise", ministers "month", the moon, "sage", ministers, The monks "awakening", express "justice", "lucky", "wisdom", "content" in the world (a "inscription"), reflecting people's working people's expectant rulers Justice, inhibiting greed, making the people to rest, and peaceful desires, giving rulers to establish an ideal kingdom of suggestions and advice with fairness and justice. "Fule Wisdom" and Tang Taizong have a work of "emperor", but the idea is similar to.

Uighur classical long poems. The Karakan Dynasty in Kashgar, in Musa. The Alf Shan is in the age of the age, has laid a thick foundation for the prosperity of economic and cultural. After the 11th century, the religious war gradually saved, and Kashgar had a thrilling scene, attracted a large number of literati scholars in the Western Dynasty and Central Asia, and Wang Co, the eastern Karahan dynasty, or It is said that the development of the Kashgar cultural undertakings will be promoted in the development of the Kashgar cultural undertakings, and Aji Yusu, the family of Balaisha, the West, and came to Kashgar. The long poem shaped four characters: the king "sunrise", the minister "month", the moon circle "sage", the minister, the monks "awake", they represent "just", "lucky", "Wisdom", "content" (a "future"). The storyline is simple, mainly through these four people's dialogue, express the author's political ideals and philosophical perspectives. The author believes that to make the country rich soldiers, we must first make the people's wealth. To this end, the state should be "fair" as the cornerstone, and there must be a good law; law enforcers should take colleagues in the country. The monarch is better than the shepherd, and the people must be better than the flock; the shepherd must take care of the flock to protect the harm. Guojun is used by the ministers, and it is necessary to use Ens, to respect the knowledge, respect scholars, and appreciate the Qianliang to govern the country with knowledge and intelligence. This is a short, lucky, and there is no need to gather together, but should have a good reputation. The book is also discussed by ministers, generals, and ministers, such as all kinds of court personnel, etc., which also discusses how to treat people, poets, peasants, herders, craftsmen, doctors, and poor. Through these, the picture of an ideal country in the minds of the author. These have a certain progressive significance for the relationship between the ruling class, the relationship between the coordination of the Juncao relations, the ruling class, and the labor people, and the steady prosperity of society. To a certain extent, the work of the people's expectations of the people's expectors will be justified and inhibiting greed, so that the people will take a rest, and peaceful.

Creative background

"Song Shi · Hui" said: "First, Tang Dynasty is married at the princess, so he returns to the world, and the middle dynasty will give birth to each other. Also outside the country. After the five generations, it is because the Karahan dynasty can be sweaty to say that the emperor of the Song Dynasty is "Han Family Afternate Officials" ("Song Shi, Yu Chuan").

"Rano Mind" records: "Go back from the end of the Tang Dynasty, this Chaoye, there is a rejuvenating Qinchuan as a familiar household. The female is not married to the Han people, there is a child In the past 30, it can be equipped with a type. Media 妁 妁 者, 曰, 女 与,, 为 为 为 为 为 曰 曰 皆 皆 皆 皆 皆 皆 皆 皆 皆 皆 皆 皆 皆 皆 皆 皆 皆 皆 皆 皆Born with the Han people. ""

Yusu, Haas Haji, the era of life, one of the Sanqi, one of the three Qin, has split into two, The palace is inner, the war is still, the law is destroyed, the contradiction between the world, the ruling class and the labor people are becoming more sharp. In the face of this social reality, the poet has created the theme of clarifying the Treatment of the State, and "Fule Wisdom" is "Wisdom".

Yu Suzhen Has Harji's "Fule Wisdom" is the first large literary work written by returning to 回 文 (Gu Weiwen). Since the author is a "Muslim Scholar with Trolley", the work is affected by the Arab and Persian culture from all aspects. The name "Fule Wisdom" (directly translated into a happy knowledge ") and writing Arucean Trust Masnavi (for the Arabic Poetry Rhythm) is the obvious manifestation of the above impact. But after all, he created the first river of Uighur poetic ancient rhythm, and the whole poem is deep, the sentence is beautiful, the rhythm is rigorous, and the artistic technique is skilled. It is the first literary monument in the history of Uighur ancient culture. "Fule Wisdom" is a 13,000 line, with an Arubi poetry, written in masnavifas (double line).


In poetry, the poet has used knowledge as the main means of understanding, and the knowledge is the strength; it is considered that there is knowledge and wisdom, it has laid the foundation of being a person, and master knowledge The purpose of truth is to promote social happiness. "Human knowledge has become high today. Due to knowledge, they have unknown natural mystery. Although he believes that workers are ignorant, they are recognized that workers engaged in agriculture and handicrafts are the foundation of society. In a lot of paragraphs, the poet also emphasized the role of the legal system from the highly prosperity of the country. For example, "tyranny, it will burn people, and the rituals such as water will raise thousands of words" and other famous sayings, both image and concise. At the same time, the poet's education and its social function of ethics are extremely concerned. Although due to the limitations of the times and the class, there is also a tendency to raise the rulers in the poem, but from the overall look, it is still not hidden. In terms of political advocation, the poets have greatly opposed conservative, such as "Musstal to me, it is not a shortcoming, vigorously innovating my favorite", etc., there are many poems such as a lot of versions. For the activities of the people of all ethnic groups relying on the Silk Road, the poet also highly evaluated and enthusiastic songs: "They come from east to Western merchants, giving you the need for you; ...... Fake Chinese Caravan I was cut down, where did you get thousands of treasures! "Poetry, on the one hand, from writing poems, the poems, and ambitions, on the other hand, the written photo for realities, can leave a delusional space for future generations. Poetry is the inner portrayal portrayal of the poet is also a pragmatic and critique of real life, so that the future people can objectively understand this era.


"Fule Wisdom" structure complete, magnificent, very like a poetry. It is the first large literary work written in pure Uighur, and successfully introduced Arubi rhythm, which has a profound impact on the development of future generations. It is rich in language, smooth, tone, and both shape is beautiful and has music. It was an example of a model of Uyghur literary language at that time. There are narratives, there is a righteousness, and the philosophy warming, meaningful, and there is also a picture of vivid and detained scenery. Have a high aesthetic value.


"Fule Wisdom" has three writes so far. One is Vienna, in 1439, in Hrabi, I used to copy back, existing Vienna National Library; one is Calaben, use arabic letters, existing Cairo "Caddy" library; one is Naman This, or called Fairganana, complete, about copying in the end of the 12th century, early 13th century, existing East Institute of Oriental Sciences in Uzbekistan Academy of Sciences. Since the world, foreign scholars have achieved a lot of results on "Fule Wisdom". Turkish scholars conducted schools for three transcripts, and the Latin alphabet published in 1947 is the most complete. In addition, there is also a "Fule Wisdom" copy reshuffle in Iran, Afghanistan and other regions. Some foreign scholars and Turkickers have started interpretation, sound and transfer of the above different versions, and have also conducted a lot of translation and research work. After the founding of New China, especially in recent years, it has also stepped up the "Fule Wisdom": 1979 published Chinese Hanzite-translated translation, and published from May 1984, it was translated by returning to the temple and translated into modern Uighur. The whole, October 1986 published Chinese Han Wen full translation transferred by Latin alphabet. Research on "Fule Wisdom" and its authors, currently forming a "Fule Wisdom" with a complete system in my country. In September 1986, I have born in "Fule Wisdom" in October 1989 - Today, Cash City held my country Fule Smart Academic Seminar; in early 1989, in Kashgar, I also set up Fule Smart Research Society in Kashgar. . In recent years, there have been Uzbek, Russian, English translation abroad. China's research on "Fule Wisdom" is started after the founding of the People's Republic of China. Since the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Party, this work has been greatly made. In 1984, the National Publishing House published the original text of the Latin alphabet edited by the Institute of National Literature, Xinjiang Academy of Social Sciences.

Author About

Yuxi Has Haji (ۈسۈپ خاس ھاجىپ) (15 photos)

11th Century Uighurs Poet, thinker, scientist, political activist Yu Suzhen, Haas, Haji (ۈسۈپ خاس ھاجىپ). The Literary Work of the Chinese Uygur in the 11th Century in the Philosophical Thought. The original name is "a knowledge given to happiness." "Fule Wisdom (قۇقۇاغۇغۇ ىىىگ)" is a customary translation. Author Yusu, Haas, Haji (about 1010 ~ 1092), is the poet and thinker of the Uighurs. The work is in the form of Masnavi (double poem) in the medieval poetry, written in the rhythm of the rhythm in the Arubo Trill. The whole book has a total of 85 chapters, and there are three provets, a total of 13290 rows (excluding the post-addition preamble). Cheng Book 1069 ~ 1070. Yushu, Haas, Haji, in the 11th century, the capital of the Calan Dynasty, the capital of the Kalahan Dynasty (also known as "Tiger Iso", the site in the South Bank of the Kyrgyzstan, the city, later lives and creates Another Political Cultural Center in the Kalahan Dynasty Kashgar. In his 50s, he completed this book, and dedicated it to the Monarch of the Kalahan Dynasty Abu Ali Hassan, Suleman, Buglakhan. Buglakhan is very appreciated by this masterpiece, awarded Yusu's title with the title of "Has Haji - Royal Prison", let him serve in the court. Not detailed in the year.

It is said that Yuxu, Haas Haji, has also written two books in the "Encyclopedia" and "Policy", completed in 1082 and 1091, respectively. In the last few years of the 11th century, the immortal poet passed away in Wangdu Kashgar.

Yuxi · Haas Haji Tomb Tombs in the southeastern part of Kashgar City, the southeast of Township Township, and then threatened by floods, Yeier Khan's second generation monarch is not Du · Hot Xima Hao Zhan (1533-1570), moved to "Alekun Rapo" (Royal Cemetery), the south side of the Kashgar Sports Road, the scale of the mausoleum building is large, covering an area of ​​965 square meters. Fully reflects the superb skills and creation of Uighur craftsmen.

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