Russian ethnic minorities. The Central, Russia, is named after the nation. The Khakas people include 5 Turkic Groups, Kchin, Khaas, Sa Gay, Heltir, Kizile ( Kyzyl) and Koybal. Their ethnic origins are different, and cultural and daily life are different. At the end of the 20th century, there were 80,000 Khakas in Russia.

National History

The Khakas is developed on the basis of ancient Ye Nikurk. The ancient Ye Nikir Ksi people said that in Chinese history books have been translated by Chinese, "Kun", "Kun", "结骨", "黠黠", "Jurisu" "," Geelyys "," Kyrgyz ", etc. The ancient Ye Nikir Kiz people have established a fight in history, and there have been text, namely "Erman Yeiyi" (Turkin). At the beginning of the 10th century, they first were ruled by the Khitan, and were ruled by Mongolian in the early 13th century. In the case of long-term war, it is difficult to continue to survive in the local area, they have to leave the upstream of the Ye Niise to Middle Asia and Xinjiang. By the end of the 16th century, most of the Ye Nikirk has left her home, only a small number of people stayed here. The people stayed in the 17th century have also established a few small public princes such as Altay Salgia, and Yezer, but still under the jurisdiction of Mongolia in the western part. With the continuous expansion of Shatu Russia, the vast number of regions in the upstream of the Ye Nizi river is incorporated into Sand Russia. In 1707, the Kaxin has not formed a complete nation before entering Russia, but the zero-scattered nomadic tribe. Khakas is mainly engaged in semi-escort and hunting, raising fine sheep, cattle and horses, agriculture, planting wheat, oatmeal, potato, etc. Economic and cultural backwardness. After the revolution in October, the work of industrial and agriculture was developed, and Khakas has also become one of the important bases in southern Coal and electricity industries in southern Siberia.

National emblem

June 6, 1992, ancient emblem appeared on national emblems and national flags in the Republic of Kazakhstan. At that time, the Republic passed the corresponding national flag and national emblem. The following reference is a description of the two, and the pattern has undergone several changes, but does not touch the substance.

"Khakas Republic national emblem is white, there is a blue snow leopard on the ground, surrounded by green birch branches. The bottom of the branches is the traditional pattern of the Kazaka Nationality, above Golden and white sun tags. The lower part of the national emblem is the inscription of the black letter 'Haquas'. "

Many daily necessities and weapons used by Kazas have been able to find it. Snow Leopard, this shows that it is the animal totem of the Khakas ethnic group. It is also the prototype of the Snow Leopard pattern in the country of Kazakhse. The painting style, technique and characteristics of this ancient animal have shown that it is indeed a particular nation. Therefore, Snow Leopards on the national emblem symbolizes Khakas is a very long-standing nation. This pattern also emphasizes time contact, showing the eternal life on earth, showing the powerful inner strength of the country, the inheritance of the ethnic ancient and modern cultures.


Birch branches as the size of the national emblem, indicating that it is the holy tree in the heart of the Khakas and Russia, embodying the friendship between the two ethnic groups, common The necessity of historical fate and unity.

"Khakas flag is a rectangle, there are 3 horizontal distribution ribbon: the top is white, the middle is a blue color, the lower is a fire red.

flag left by flagpole The part is green, its width is equal to a width of a horizontal ribbon. The green colored belt has gold and white solar markers. The larger than 2 ratio of 2 to 1.

banner 3 colors Same as the color of the Russian Federation, the Khakas Republic is one of the main body of the Russian Federation.

Green is distributed along the flagpole, is the main tone of the Guhakas National Flag, it symbolizes today The Khakas people contact their ancestors. The green symbolizes the eternal, original forest, spring grassland, grassland, freshmen, Khakas ethnic groups, like a brother's friendship, it is the traditional color of Siberia.

The solar label on the flag is only found on the stone carvings in Kaxas. It reflects the reverence of the residents of Hassa land.

China Hakas

It is also known as the Fu Yukirki, and China's national identification is misunderstanding is the Heilongjiang Kirki people. It is actually a Hakkas. Mainly live in the Heilongjiang Province Fuyu County Friendship Daur Manchu Kiriki Township Five Five Kirki Village, rich pasture seven people, total population is about 1,500 people. Use Heilongjiang Kirizi (a dialect in Kazi) and Wei Tat Mongolian. Believe in the laboretale or Tibetan Buddhism.

Related Articles