The word "Hindustānī" is from "Hindustānī), Hindustānī, India. Turkic-Perso is retrieved in India, named the General Dialect of Capital Delhi and its surrounding cities, "India", with the contact of India and Islamic culture, India Sani absorbs a large number of Persia, Arabia and Turkic vocabulary, then the further expansion of the Moham Empire, the language spreads to the entire Northern India as a general language, and the next century has been reserved as a main generic language. This language is mainly based on the local language in North India, which is involved in many new vocabulary, gradually become a literary language, with the Persians to bring the Muslim palace; finally known as "Urdu" (Zabān-e Urdū " ززان اردو, ज़बान-ऐ उर्दू) - That is, the meaning of language in the tuten army, and it is a mixed, highly biscal palace language.

After the 19th century Half Ye British Empire conquer India, the two words of India and Urdu are alternately used, and it is set to the official administrative language of the British India, which is further contributed. Then it becomes the status of India and Pakistan. In 1947 India independence and subsequent India, the Republic of India put this language, Pakistan to name "Hindi" and "Urdu", respectively, and respectively. At this time, although the irregular Indonesian dialect is Urdu language dialect, Urdu is no longer synonymous with Indussan, which only refers to the meaning of the official Mandarin in Pakistan.

For the nation of the Indian secondary continent, the "Indussan", the word "India" has a complex emotion, and the nations in different countries have different feelings. But modern society, for Bollywood movie film manufacturers, using "Indussan" alternative to printing, the official language of "Hindi" or "Urdu" is very known as the "Indian" or "Urdu" Neutral and acceptable to the official language of the second country.


Indisan dialects pass all India, in modern India, talking about "India", people no longer think is the synonym of universal language, It is generally considered that the Indian is Indisan, or talking about Hindustani Classical Music in the northern Hindustani Classical Music.

After India's independence, the Government launched the "Standard Indian", the Standard Indian ", and the standard Indian language, and the traditional Vatican letter originated from Indian local. There is no smooth use of the Persian letters on the writing of Persian letters. Under the advocacy of Purushottam Das Tandon, Standard Hindi is widely used in social and official applications and gradually promotes to the teaching of all printing schools.

In Hindu Varanasi, scholars are committed to the cultivation of local words (belonging to the Indonesian dialect, the Hindi Eastern Chinese dialect). Standard Indians are not valued in the film and television sector, and more and more marginalized media are increasingly marginalized.


"Urdu" is from a very formal Persian social network translation zabān-e urdū-e mo'alla - camp language, when the soldier was in service After the owner, this language has a common voice, and then gradually evolves into the court language of the Mobin nobility ruler, and has become the language of the capital of the capital, and its development is mainly surrounded by Delhi. Jel, Agra is an influence of the poet of Moho, and its writing mode uses improved Arab letters; before the transformation of India, Urdu is exactly the same.

City Dialect

Indea's dialects are called "Bazār Hindustānī, Bāzār Hindustānī, Bāzār Hindustānī, Barzar Indussan), Westerners' Badar Defined in India's dialect in India in North India, Pakistan's trade activities. As a general language and standard Indian, Urdu language, there is a tone change, regional differences, due to inclusions of dialects, like Piqin language, corresponding to the articulated standard in the official occasion, Phi and Sanskrit, Bazar should be just "market language, city well language".


Hindi and Urdu language are just two dialects in speaking, but written language and writing norms are huge, Urdu language Writing Persian and Arabic flavors, writing Co more near Sanskrit. Two languages ​​and their dialects can be referred to as "Indussan", but due to political original Urdu and Hindi bring national branding.

Indeadan language can be seen as a language to get an enlightenment from Bollywood, and some Indians are the user of this language. In the case of political opposition, this area There is a rare phenomenon - the differences in Mandarin in the second country in India are getting smaller and smaller.

Official status

Indian language: In addition to Tamil Nadu, Tripra Bang, outside the Kalaka region in the local governance, the teaching of Indians is all Printing all localities; Indian Constitution stipulates the official language of Indian government, and the Indian federation includes Northern Bang, Bihar, Jiakanda, North Anchar, Central Bank, Rajasthan, Chagar, Hummer The official language of 10 states, such as Harriana and Capital, in addition to Andaman - Nica Islands, Daman - Central District, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Punjab is a semi-official language .

Urdu: In Pakistan, Urdu and English, it is the official language, although English is more popular in the social elite, there is also a mass of the group, but Urdu Words are generic and eager to get popular.

Writing system

Contemporary Indussan language uses Sanskrit letters or Persian - Arabic letters as a book, but Hiki body has been used (Sanskrit letters, another one The main Chinese is written in the writing format of Persian-Arabic, and the modern Persian writing Nasta'LIQ Script has become the way Urdu specification.

Due to English globalization and Roman alphabet The popularity, Synnitan, India, sometimes written in Rome alphabet. This rewrite body is also known as Urdu Roman alphabet. Whether it is in Sanskrit and Persian - Arabic writing enthusiasts, Laugang's Indussan is very Popular, especially in the network and young computer enthusiasts into fashion.

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