* Psychology: categories of mental activity
* consciousness: the origin of consciousness, stream of consciousness, unconscious, psychosomatic relations, psychosomatic equivalent theory, with heart-shaped object theory, psychophysical parallelism, mind-body interaction theory, epiphenomenalism and so on.
* Theory Genre: empiricism, theory of reflection, reductionism, anthropomorphism, reflexology, reaction learn, given potential theory, psychological doctrine, the only psychological concept, Biology, Sociology of black-box theory, form and spirit, on your people, knowing and doing theory, a habit in a so on.
It is a 20th century traditional psychology of the most popular and most influential kind of mind-body dualism. Only found one kind of ancient Greek Aristotle discussed. He believes that the body is the material and spiritual entity is non-material entity, but the two can interact, that is to change the state of mind of the body to produce change, and change the body can produce a change of mind.
articulated interaction theory of mind-body dualism in history and far-reaching is R. Descartes. He put the body in three-dimensional space is defined as having a certain ductility of things, there was the soul of the non-extensive positioning entity. The two entities may interact place role in the pineal gland in the brain, heart because it is located within the non-extensive Euclidean geometry, and as such can be a pineal point mind here promote the body's motion in point. This is the science and spiritualism compromise. It faces two major problems: ① how non-extensive soul can promote the body has a ductility of material objects; ② He believes that animals just a machine, but who is with a non-material and does not occupy space inside mind, psychology and comparative psychology has proved that animals, human psychology and it has some continuity, not a sharp distinction.
contemporary emphasis on Cartesian dualist interaction is J.C. Eccles that advances in modern neuroscience to overcome the problem of Cartesian dualism. He proposed that the free will of the intangible nature of the discharge can drive a single neuron, triggering neuronal activity column set. This activity via the motor nerve activity caused by activity bodied. He believes that this would resolve the matter of non-cardiac effects of substances the body this problem, but he did not answer a single question what will drive the discharge of neurons, and thus does not solve the mind-body dualism interaction of a problem. For the first two problems, Eccles said, if a man is spiritual free will can not be understood. This also answers were not equal, because people's freedom of movement does not prove that there must be a reason for non-free mind and assumed substances, and can not prove that the animals have no certain freedom. In short, Eccles attempting to use neuroscience data to support the interaction of Cartesian dualism is a failure.
mind-body interaction is an undeniable fact, insurmountable difficulties psychosomatic interaction theory is that it's mind-body dualism. So we can recognize psychosomatic interaction of people who are not that mind-body interaction theory. At the same time, that the mind and body differ materially from the dualist mind-body interaction is not necessarily commentators.