After approval of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, September 29, 1978, the Xinjiang Physics Institute, Xinjiang Institute of Chemistry, Xinjiang Biological Soil Desert Research Institute, Xinjiang Geological Geography Hand-made satellite Urumqi Observatory, Scientific Instrument Factory, Seven Scientific Research Institutions. The Former National History Institute entered the Xinjiang Social Sciences; the geological part of Xinjiang Geological Geography Research Institute, the Xinjiang Earthquake Administration, the original Xinjiang Geological Geography was renamed Xinjiang geography; due to the radio astronomy became the main body of business, Urumqi man-made satellite observation After the station was renamed Urumqi Astronomical Station; July 7, 1998, Xinjiang Biological Soil Desert Institute and Xinjiang Geography Institute integrated into Xinjiang Ecological and Geographical Institute; March 28, 2002, Xinjiang Physics Research Institute and Xinjiang Chemistry The integrated is the Institute of Physiological Technology, Xinjiang; March 11, 2003, the Xinjiang Branch Library was transferred to Xinjiang Ecological and Geography Institute.
Under the institution
branch office has a comprehensive office, scientific and technological cooperation, organizing three functions in the Personnel Department. Direct units have a living logistics center, scientific instrument factory, child school, kindergarten.
In the initial stage of Xinjiang Branch, the Chinese Academy of Sciences positioned the Xinjiang Branch as mainly for the economy, society and technology development services of Xinjiang. For more than 40 years, the Xinjiang Branch system combines the resources, environment, ecological situations of Xinjiang, combined with the national economic development plan and the strategic key points of Xinjiang, combines the demand for defense military and aerospace mission, combined with the deployment, establishment and development of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. There is a special professional structure and research direction. The main research direction is: oasis ecosystem research and oasis agriculture; the evolution of desert environment and desertification governance; research and utilization of biological resources in arid zone; regional development, urban planning and sustainable development; biochemistry and bio-engineering and gene metastasis Technology, as well as the depth development of the animal and plant resources of these technologies; refined chemicals for efficient transformation of resources; utilization of petrochemical and natural gas light components; solid radiation physics and semiconductor materials and device radiation injury research; computer; computer Research and development of control and computer information system; VLBI long baseline interference system testing research, natural physics and pulse star research work, space artificial target observation and sun observation.
Branch system has 953 in-service employees, 671 scientific and technological personnel, including 208 senior scientific and technological personnel; more than 1,000 scientific and technological achievements, won the country, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nearly 300 autonomous regions and other ministries and commissions, and 2 were won the United Nations Unep Desertification Results Award.
There are 1 post-doctoral site, 14 master points, more than 50 doctors, and cultivate more than 300 master students; published more than 200 yuan, public publication 4000 The remaining articles; and more than 30 countries have established scientific and technological exchange relationships, which have undertaken more than 40 international cooperative issues; more than 130 people enter high-tech enterprises, and technology companies have made important contributions to the development of Xinjiang high-tech industry.
Branch system instrument equipment is more than 50 million yuan, and there are 8 large-scale instrument and equipment.
In recent years, the Party Central Committee of Jiang Zemin has made a major strategic decision to accelerate the development of my country's western region, and create an unprecedented region. Opportunities; Chinese Academy of Sciences launched knowledge innovation projects; in 2002, the new era policy policy was proposed. According to the requirements of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xinjiang Branch System has completed discipline integration and professional condensed into knowledge innovation projects. Combined with the demand for Xinjiang's economic development, Xinjiang Branch System will focus on the following aspects:
- Using modern means to carry out the resource of the arid zone, environmental ecological integrated data platform construction, and use it as Foundation work in the development of the west. Ecological Environment Evolution Trend and Prediction, Oasis Formation and Oasis Ecological Structure and Its Stability, Degradation Ecosystem of Oasis and Its Stability, Design of Ecological Safety System.
- Dry area water system circulation process data collection, dynamic monitoring and reasonable use design, and based on this establishment of water resources rational use and water-saving technology combined with technical entities as the technical entity ecological agriculture area, Deviring base of desert ecological agriculture.
- Strengthening mining technology in energy resources development in energy resources and related oilfield chemical products research and industrialization.
- New technology of oil and gas chemical technology and new products, BTX condensed oil trials and industrialization. Research, Extraction and Industrialization Technology of Effective Components of Biological Resources in Arid Areas.
- Innovative biochemical, drought tolerance, salt-resistant biological resources research, and these advantageous genes into crop metastasis and new varieties.
- Top three processing, such as the development and application of glucodecetalized surfactants in Xinjiang advantageous agricultural and sideline products.
- the use of solar and solar secondary energy, and the research of corresponding new materials. Application of Computer Network Information System and Internet Information System of Electronic Information Technology and New Materials in Traditional Industry and New Industries and the Application of Internet Information System and Internet in National Economy.
- Establish high-level talents cultivated bases, cultivating ecological science, environmental science information science and biochemistry.
- Organizational Science Propaganda expert group and build a high level of science base.
- In a variety of forms, in a variety of forms of cooperation in the collaboration. Including science and technology project cooperation, scientific and technological achievement industrialization and scientific and technical deputy authority.
Through the implementation of the above work, Xinjiang Branch System will make basic, innovative, and forward-looking contributions to the development of Xinjiang's national economic development, especially agriculture, energy, emerging industries.
Focusing on Xinjiang special resources deep processing and new materials science and technology to carry out materials science and technology, chemical chemical system engineering, biological (plant) resource chemistry, radiation physics and oil natural gas exploitation And deep processing, computer application, sensor process, chemistry and biological engineering.
around Oasis Ecology Process and Evolution Mechanism; Oasis Ecological Construction and Environmental Governance; Study on Nine Aspects of Resources Development and Utilization and Regional Development: Oasis Ecosystem Ecological Process; Oasis Desert Transition Base Mechanism Oasis environment evolution and degradation mechanism; oasis ecological agricultural experiment demonstration; damaged ecosystem restoration and reconstruction; integration of desertification and control technology system; reasonable development and utilization and protection of advantageous resources; industrial structure adjustment and urban and rural development; regional sustainable development information systems.
Based on the observation and research of radio astronomy, focusing on the research, pulse star, activity galaxy nuclear, star formation and evolution of radiogenicity, activity galaxy nuclear, star formation and evolution of artificial satellite dynamics And positioning research.
Regional Economic Contribution
The comprehensive scientific research of long-term soil and soil resources, environment, and ecology has mastered a large number of scientific basic materials in Xinjiang, formulating long-term economic development plan for national and autonomous regions. It provides a scientific basis.
In the evolution of the desert environment, the desertification governance has achieved significant breakthroughs, and the development of vegetation, ecosystem recovery and reinforcement of vegetation, ecosystem recovery and reproduction.
In the pre-work research of major projects, such as Tower River governance, oil development, North Water, ecological construction, railway, desert roads, etc., and use high-tech means directly Participate in engineering design and environmental transformation.
In the construction of land saline, the construction of high-quality high-yield ecological agriculture, the construction of high-quality high-yield ecological agriculture in water fertilizer is supported, and the rural and herdsmen are unrelenting, which has opened up a way to achieve a benign circulation of the economic drought oasis economy. Created cotton 3 consecutive 237,257,256 kg world records.
Enter the industrial test stage in the deep processing and utilization of three oil and natural gas light, and enters the knowledge capital operation.
Natural product chemistry, in the field of drug intermediates, health products, cosmetics, into the middle test and small mass production, and gradually enter the market.
Successfully introduces large larra gene into wheat - a new species of wheat.
Electronic material radiation physics research, circuit and system anti-nuclear reinforcement, resource satellite reinforcement device application, practice 5 dose measurement applications.
NTC ceramic thermal element, nanomaterial preparation technology research, device development, trial, entering industrialization, become aerospace fixed-point devices, applied to various spacecrafts such as Shenzhou 1st to 6, large quantity Enter domestic large enterprises.
Information Technology - Network, Control, Safety Technology, MIS comprehensive wins, entering oil, steel, machinery, civil aviation, medical, commercial, banks and other fields.
VLBI has become an important member of European Net, Asia-Pacific Network. The results of pulse star observations have recognized new discovery academia.
High-tech industry has made great progress, and each company basically achieves high technical content, high-efficiency development goals, has innovative technical products, and the restructuring work is basically completed.
Two national science education bases have played an important role in promoting science and materialism, breaking superstition, and improving national qualities.
"Ninth Five-Year", the Xinjiang Branch of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the actively organized experts, from the high degree of strategic development and the strength of the research and development of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, is the autonomous region " The Development of Ninth Five-Year Plan proposes 17 project proposals. Without the project by the people's government of the autonomous region, the vast majority of the majority of the main battlefield of the local national economy.
The Xinjiang Branch of the Chinese Academy of Sciences has signed the hospital's science and technology cooperation agreement with Xinjiang Yili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture, Altai area, Aksu region, Bayeng Guoyun Mongolia Autonomous Prefecture.
According to the Strategy of Developing Tianshan North Slope, the Xinjiang Branch has strengthened the technical cooperation of three national development zones located in Tianshan North Slope. The scientific and technological cooperation agreements were identified with the Shihezi Economic and Technological Development Zone, Urumqi Economic and Technological Development Zone, and Urumqi High-tech Development Zone.
To promote the establishment of a new century, all-round scientific and technological cooperation, in 2002, 2002, 2005, 2005, successfully held the "Chinese Academy of Sciences - Xinjiang Science and Technology Cooperation Fair" in 2002, 2005 Make the "Scale Fair" from the ground, the state cooperation level is the provincial partnership meeting. The "Scale Fair" held once a two years, established a variety of models of "hospitality cooperation", "soldiers cooperation", "school-enterprise cooperation", "things cooperation", has become Xinjiang and Chinese Academy, Mainland Province Effective carrier of aziming technology cooperation; promoting important channels for the development of Xinjiang economy, society, and science and technology; becomes Xinjiang, especially Tianshan North Slope Economic Zone, direct use of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the technical, talents, and funds such as the Chinese Academy, the mainland province, etc. Platform; becoming an increase in the science and technology awareness of all nationalities in Xinjiang, the promotional window of the popular science and technology knowledge and the progress of science and technology have accelerated the new driving force.
After more than ten years of development, the Xinjiang Branch is jointly extended from the project cooperation to the joint discipline, jointly constructing the test development base, building science and technology, economic entities, and entering the local government's talent training system, consultation The system, planning system and management decision-making system are integrated into the overall goals of regional society and economic development in the autonomous region. ?