World Health Organization Charter


World Health Assembly, generally held every year in Geneva. Representatives from all Member States will attend. The Health Assembly is a suggesting decision maker, and its main task is to budget for two years and determine the main policy issues. The Executive Committee consists of the academic leaders of 32 health sectors, each member of the member states, and then produced by the World Health Assembly, the member states for three years.

The Executive Committee holds at least 2 meetings each year. Under normal circumstances, the main meeting was held in January, and the second shorter meeting was held after the May Health Assembly. The main function of the Executive Committee is to exercise the resolutions and policies made by the Health Assembly, recommend and promote its work.

The Secretariat consists of 3,800 health and other experts, both professional, and a general service personnel, and they work separately in the six regions of the headquarters and the country.

The Secretariat was headed by the Secretary-General, the Secretary-General of the Secretariat was nominated by the Executive Committee and appointed through the World Health Assembly.

Resident representative or planning coordinator.

The professional organization of the World Health Organization has consultants and temporary consultants, and 47 expert committees (47 consultations, including 96 people in China), the Global and Regional Medical Research Advisory Commission and Cooperation center.

Goals and functions

The Charter of the World Health Organization is defined as guidance and authority of international health work. Its goal is: "Make people all over the world may have the highest level of health." The following is its responsibility:

. Help the government to strengthen health services based on demand;. Establish and maintain services such as management and technical services, including epidemiological services, based on demand, including epidemiological services. Provide information, advice, and help in health sector; promoting infectious diseases, local diseases and other diseases. Improvement of nutrition, housing, sanitation, labor conditions and other environmental hygiene; Promote cooperation between science and professional groups that are committed to promoting health. International Convention, Planning and Agreements of Health Affairs, Promoting and Guiding the Research Work in Health. Develop food, biotechniques, international standards; assistance in developing health activities in the population.

Member States

All United Nations Member States accepted by the Charter of the World Health Organization can become a member of the organization. Other countries have a simple voting vote from the World Health Assembly, which can be a member of the World Health Organization. Regions that cannot take responsibility in international relations, based on the application of the World Health Organization member or other authority to be responsible for the region's own interests, the region can enter the World Health Organization as a preparatory member. The World Health Organization member states is distributed in accordance with regional distribution (now there are 192 Member States).

World Health Organization Charter

Africa Office (Arfo)

Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Morroba, Congo, Congo Democratic Republic, Côte d'Ivoa, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritan, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, St. Mei and Principe Republic, Senegal, Senechelles, Sierra, South Africa, Swaziland, Togo, Uganda, Tanzania, Zaire, Zama, Zimbabwe .

Americas Office (PAHO)

Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba , Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Salvador, Granada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haita, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico (preparatory members), Saint Kitts and Nivis, Saint Vincent and Ghernes, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, United States of America, Uruguay, Venezuela.

Southeast Asia Office (SEARO)

Bangladesh, Bhutan, Korean People's Democratic Republic, India, Indonesia, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand.

European Region (EURO)

Albania, Alder Republic, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia - Herzegovia, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic , Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Ratovia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russian Federation, Moldova, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Former Yugoslav Republic, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Kingdom, Uzbekistan, Yugoslav . Non-Member Observer: Roman Holy See, Liechtenstein.

Eastern Medium Sea Area Office (EMRO)

Afghanistan, Bahrain, Cyprus, Djibouti, Egypt, Iran, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libian Arab Janahiriya, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar , Saudi Arabia, Somari, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen.

Western Pacific Office (WPRO) Office (WPRO)

Australia, Brunei, Cambodia, China, Cook Islands, Fiji, Japan, Kissibas, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Micronia Federation, Mongolia, Nauru, New Zealand, Niue, 帛 琉 群, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, South Korea, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Tokelau (Reserve Member), Tonga Kingdom, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Samoya Islands.

World Health Day

To commemorate the Charter, June 1948, the World Health Organization was officially established at the First World Health Conference held in Geneva, and decided Every year, on July 22, as "World Health Day", it is advocated various commemorative activities.

The second year, the 2nd World Health Conference considers that the schools in most countries have been put on summer vacation, and they are unable to participate in this celebration, and they will regulate April 7th from 1950 as a whole. Sex "World Health Day".

Determining the purpose of the World Health Day is to attract the attention of health issues in the world, and mobilize the people of all countries around the world to generally care about the current health status, and improve the level of human health. During the World Health Day, the World Health Organization, including China, held celebration, promotion and popularize health knowledge, and improve the people's health.

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