Wenzhou Kunqu

Basic introduction

Wenzhou Kunqu is not only a separate drama, but also a constituent part of Wenzhou chaos (drums) and the sound cavity of the drama. In the 84 traditional

"of Wenzhou, there is" Lei Feng Tower "," Leifeng Tower "," Fisherman Le "," Fisherman Le ". And the "Zengou City" in the play is also a Kunquron. Wenzhou high-cavity has a "playing bear", high, Kunyan sings, is Wu Sheng's highlights, in Yongjiakun drama, this model is "hungerous mountain", the plot is higher than that, writing Li Shuicheng defeated escape The mountains are killed by local hunters, and there is no "iron chart". Wenzhou Kunqu Child (Yongjia Kun "is the only performance group inherited to inherit ancient Yongjia Kunqu art. "Yongjia Kun" is also called "Wenzhou Kunqu", it is a long time, it is the product of the development of the South play. Yongkun's sound cavity is in the Kunshan cavity into Zhejiang, absorbing the sea salt cavity of the southeast coast, and has been formed by long-term art practice, water milk blending, and new development. Yongkun is a gentle school in the Kunming drama. It has a special status in the history of Chinese drama.

Wenzhou Kunqu Group was established in 1951, originally called Wenzhou Juhuan Kunquna, 1957, returned to Yongjia County, rename Yongjiakun. It has a unique performance artist, such as a corner actor

Yang Yinyou, Dangdang actor Zhou Yunjuan and other a group of outstanding performance artists. In the fifty in the fifth, "Jing Mi", "Jing Ji", "琵琶", "embroidered", etc., winning a praise, Yu Zhenfei, there have been "Nanyun North Kun, not as good as Yongkun". In 1957, Wenzhou opera training class has cultivated a group of excellent young actors to Yongjia Kuns, and there is a group of students to cultivate in Shanghai. It can be said that it is full of wind and snow, and still is full of business, more play "Zhang Xie Yuan" Famous in Kunsan won unanimous praise.

The actors of Wenzhou Kunqu Child have mainly there are Lin Shi Mei, Wang Chenghu, Lu Diming, etc.


Wenzhou Kunqu, also known as Yongjiakun drama, is a popular genre in Zhejiang, Zhejiang, Wenzhou. Ming Dynasty (1573 1619) After the Quenstone was introduced to Wenzhou, and the opera cavity of Wenzhou was integrated with each other and gradually formed this place. Wenzhou Kunqu's sound cavity, there is also the same tonard with Su Kun, and there is also a parallelism and unique song. Not being restricted by traditional joint line pauses, can be tongued from palace, even in a piece of tune, showing great flexibility and richness. It also saved more quaint local folk gongs. The role initially has a small birth, positive, homes, flowers, big flowers, small flowers. External drum board and positive blowing can play, called "eight foot". After the development of 13 feet. Performing art is simple, natural, bright, paying attention to life. Ugly Dialect White Dialect.

Wenzhou Kunqu

Wenzhou Kunqu size is more than 120, there is "Jing Ji" "White Rabbit" "Killing Dog" "琵琶" "金印" "embroidered" "all the meaning", etc. A species and a batch of unique repertoires.

During the Qing Jiaqing year, Yongkun has Xiu Bai, Yu Yun and other classes. Tongshi to the first day of the Tongsheng period, three or forty, the most famous is the new E-Dynasty and the new jade, "said" "Pinyu head is good, the same blessing is old." New Tongfu Ye Guanjin (Art name Pumenheng), Yang Sheng Tao (A Peracar), the actor lineup is complete, famous artist Xu Zheng, Binghu (Ye Xiao Feng], Qiu Yifeng (small water) has passed Purmenheng, famous Yang Art, another actor Gao Yuqing , The audience nickname "Dawn", the acting skills, the solo Kundu in decades, the disciples reached more than 200 people; thus the Yongjia Kun still named Daze. After Yang Yongtan, Yang Yinyou inherited Yongkunyi.

During the anti-Japanese war period, Yongkun art people were more dying, and the audience was sharply reduced. In 1951, the new Tongfu, Xin Yuxi, Yipin Spring, Nanchun Society, Zero Artists, established the Wenzhou Regional Truntea Troupe. In 1954, it was equipped with Yongjia County. Yongjiakun Theater. It used a group of excellent performance artists such as Yang Yinyou, Danger actor Zhou Yunjuan. In the spring of 2000, there was a "Zhang Zhixuan Yuan" famous in the Kunkan, winning the unanimous praise. Wenzhou is indeed a place in Jayi. Generation of Wenzhou people with bloody fertilizer, but once again, the economic wave has brought the unlimited economic interests, but the most plain culture in Wenzhou people. Wenzhou opera, Lu Yi as an important composition of the Yual Culture, as a true portrayal of Wenzhou humanity, but stay away from step away from step away ..., our familiar Township has been went away from us.

Wenzhou opera, the episode of the text, the species, the wide influence, but we will keep this soul that will go far away.

repertoire characteristics

Wenzhou Kunqu staged the repertoire Features:

The repertoires staged by Wenzhou Kunquity refers to the full performance from "Tongfu" Kunchu to the current 130 years, including the repertoires and Kunquators who do not see other dramas. The repertoires created by the founding, and the aunt of the establishment of the country, finishing, adapted, transplant, and more than 150 dramas, small play and arcpent show more than 100. This statistically has the greatest effort, but missing affirmation A lot. From the characteristics of the representation, it can be divided into five aspects: (1) Before the formation of Kunshan cavity, that is, the most popular reperters in the Chinese drama stage before the Ming Wan calendar account for a certain proportion. Such as "Jing Ji" "" 琵琶 "" White Rabbit "" Killing Dog "" Jing Zhong "" Zhi "" Golden Yellow ", etc., all as the basic dramatic drama of the class, no matter which class, it must be able to perform these repertoires to recognize the audience As the representative of the Kunshan cavity, the "Ying Ying" "Peony Pavilion" has never staged a full record. The former only "return" "Gu Su" two; the latter only "spend office "One out. The formation of this repertoire structure is not accidentally, some people discover this, which is a powerful evidence that Yongjiakun plays directly inherited from Wenzhou Nanma.

(2) Family ethics drama More than the historical drama. On the Yongjiakun drama, the emperor will appear The frequency is far less than that of the city well. The repertoires in this regard, such as "Yongyuanyuan", "Double Jade", "Search", "Qiao Xiang", "Hengyuan", "Sheep", "Mind", is the main component of Yongjiakun 's drama. These repertoires often have a uniqueness in writing of the world, and the human warmth is often unique, so that the actors have a lot of round rooms in shaping the characters. The ending is naturally "good news, evil and evil." This kind of good and evil strike the eternal theme of the defeat, enabling the minds of the majority of the people who are oppressed and enslaved to satisfy the greatest extent.

(3) Ugly. Although the actor structure of Yongjia, the actor structure is also the same as the main axis of other brothers, but the ugly play can not be ignored. Ugly play

is in every platform, each performance has a pivotal position. Some of the abrasions, such as "a text. Luo Meng" "Red Pear. Drunk Soap" "Children and Sunfu. Take the Lantern" "Embroidery. Teaching Song and Monkey" "琵琶. Skilly" and so on have become some Kunchu Tights. Some ugly actors such as Yang Sheng Tao, Fang Leather, Mansheng, etc. have also become a household name. In the long-term performance practice, Yongjia, the Yongjia, in order to make a lot of compression and deletions on the script in one night, but generally retain the weighs of the ugly play. This emphasis on the ugly play is to meet with Wenzhou Nanya. (4) Li Yu's work also accounts for a certain proportion. In the "Ten Ten Songs", there are seven kinds of people who have been staged: "Fish" "蜃中 楼" "Qianyuan" "Kite misunderstanding" "Feng Qifeng" "Yiyuan" "Nai Tian" ". And the big capital was originally staged, and it did not delete it. Although the "ten songs" in the Jiangnan local places, the number is far from so much. According to old artists rumors, these repertoires are Mr. Jinhua to Wenzhou. Is Li Yu's play class to Wenzhou? What is the relationship between it and Yongjia? It is still a problem that is in depth.

(5) The artist's self-contained repertoire is also a major feature of Yongjia. These repertoires are unique to the Yongjia Kennde, which is unpreposed in other regions. Some according to the local folk stories of local folk stories, such as "gold medals", that is, the "辛", the river, the river, the monk, the monk, the ancestors, the murder case. The Wenzhou South play in the Yuan Dynasty has been staged. Another example is the "Wash Humma Bridge", that is, the story of "Liu Wenlong Lingcang Mirror", "Washing Horse Bridge Head" in Wenzhou Road, Wenzhou residents are almost a household name. "Mr.", that is, the "Shipping Case is amazed" in the "Shipping Master's Money Bads, and the Victorizes of the Virtue", and the things happen in Yongjia. In addition, such as "Double Simultaneous", "Shuanglian Bridge", etc. is also known for Wenzhou people, perform such plays, especially from the audience.

Artists have a long time to stage a long time, "killing gold", "Flower Shoes" "for gold medals". The first two passes are Purmen students, and the "kills" later became the Wu play of the Wukun play martial arts, it was still staged until the 1960s. "Flower Shoes" is a light comedy, from the ugly corner and colorful, early for the drum. In addition, if "随 身" "Hui Zhongyuan" "Hui Zhongyuan" "Drunk in return" "Double Dragonfly", "Zikinfish" "Wang Wenki", "Double Treasury", etc., "new products Jade "Cube Major Screenwriter Ruian People Chen Yiqing These scriptures are not high, and Quen is relatively popular, and it is more likely to be accepted by no culture of antibiotics, and wild villagers.

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