Ukrainian Parliament

synonym Ukrainian highest Rada generally refers to the Ukrainian Parliament

Historical Level

The history of Ukraine's Soviet (Parliament) should be traced back to the Soviet period. In 1938, it was established as the first highest Soviet of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, which became the highest national power organs and legislature in Ukraine. The Soviet period has a total of 11 highest Soviet.

July 16, 1990, Ukraine Soviet Soviet Declaration adopted the National Sovereignty Declaration, which declares that the Ukrainian constitution and law is higher than the Soviet law, and have the right to establish his own armed forces.

On 24, 1991, Ukraine Soviet Union adopted national independent resolution, the Ukrainian government announced from the Soviet Union, officially independent.

In 1994, Ukraine Soviet Soviet held a routine election, the official name was the top of the 13th Ukraine Soviet, along with the Soviet Founding History.

Up to the 14th highest Soviet in 1998, the number of Ukraine's highest Soviet is changed from the independence, and the number becomes the third highest Soviet.

Legal Status

According to the 1991 Endendending of the Ukrainian Parliament, Ukraine is the sovereign, independent, democratic national legal country, and implements a public system. The President is the highest head of state, the highest Soviet (Parliament) for the country, the cabinet is the administrative organ, and the president is the responsibility of the president. Parliament has permission to the president, the government, and the judiciary, while mutual restrictions, mutual supervision. The Parliament has the right to play the president when the president has made a betrayal and other serious crimes, and the president shall submit the national situation to the parliament every year to explain the national situation and internal and external policies. The President can veto the resolution resolution, which has the right to dissolve the Parliament in a specific situation such as a constitution or most disintegraph. The Prime Minister is nominated by the Parliament, which is responsible for the Parliament. The parliament reviews the approval of government working outlines, national budgets and other bills. The Parliament has the power to approve the Constitutional Court and other court judges, the latter has the right to decide whether the resolution of the parliament violates and illegally, and suspend the resolutions of the parliament, and have the right to decide whether the president is convincing.

On December 8, 2004, the Umbers of the Owalsho passed the Constitutional Amendment, which regulations from January 1, 2006, the Wu National Chemical is transitioned by the President - Parliament System. According to the Constitutional Amendment, the President's power is weakened, and the power of the parliament is enlarged. Most of the Parliament is responsible for forming a cabinet. The president has the right to nominate the foreign minister and the Minister of Defense, and other cabinet members are selected by the Prime Minister, the parliament is approved, and the parliament has the power of the government.

On January 12, 2007, the mutual seize the "Cabinet Law", and the government power has been expanded. According to the cabinet law, the government prime minister is selected by the President nominated according to the proposal of the Parliament, and then appointed by the parliament.

In Octa 2010, the Ukrainian Constitutional Court was tried, and he judged the "political reform" constitutional amendment adopted by the Ukugamus in 2004. This means that the 1996 constitutional effectiveness is fully resumed, and the national government is returned to President - Parliamentary System.

February 21, 2014, Ukraine Ren President Yonukovich and opposition signed an agreement to solve the Ukrainian crisis in Kiev. Shortly after the signature of the agreement, the Ukrainian Parliament quickly recovered the 2004 Constitution, the Ukrainian Regional Regression Parliament - the presidential system.

February 22, 2014, Ukraine has regular regime. The Ukrainian Parliament was retained, and Ren President Yumukovic has revised the Constitution and held the presidential election to be held on May 25.

According to a resolution announced on May 16, the Ukrainian Constitutional Court, the president selected during the advancement of the presidential election on May 25 was 5 years, and the next exchange election will be held in March 2019. .

Electoral program

Ukrainian parliament is the first hospital system, and a total of 450 Members every four years. Members can choose even, no restrictions. The candidate of Members must live in Ukraine during the year of the year of the election and the five years before the election. Ukrainian citizens who were sentenced were not elected. In addition to the public that the court recognizes the lack of behavioral ability, the Ukrainian citizens who have been 18 years old have voted. The parliamentary elections are responsible for the Wu Central Electoral Commission, divided into routine elections and elect in advance. The election is based on the proportion of elections, namely the list of candidates of the party members of the party and the political parties. The parliamentary elections are carried out in a non-registration vote. Get 3% of the political parties and political party alliances enter the parliament, and determine the parliament seats obtained by each party according to the ratio of the ticket. The party who enters the parliament will assign the seat to the specific member by the list of candidates.

September 30, 2007, Ukraine held an election in advance in the parliament. Regional Party, Ji Mo Shenke Group, "Our Ukraine-Citizen Self-Defense" Alliance, Communist Party, and Liorte Group, a total of 5 parties, the 6th Parliament, 34.37%, 30.71%, 1.15%, 5.39% respectively, respectively. 3.96%. The seat allocation of Members is: 156 seats in the region, Ji Mo Shenke League, "Our Ukraine-Citizen Self-Defense", 72 seats, Ukraine-Communist Party, 20 seats, and Rottein Group 20.

According to China's new network, the Russian report is based on the calculation of all Ukraine's highest Rada (Ukrainian Parliament) electoral ballot results, the "People's Front" headed by Ukrainian Prime Minister, with 22.14% votes. The victory of this election.

The Ukrainian Electoral Commission announced election results on its website. The President of Ukraine Leading "Poshenko Group" received 21.18% of the ballot flights to the second place.

In addition, the "Self-rescue Party" headed by the Mayor Die Sadf, is the "Self-rescue Party" headed by Lviv City, has obtained 10.97% votes. The "opposition alliance" headed by Yuri Bojo received a 9.43% votes. A 7.44% votes obtained by the radical party headed by Oreg Liashco. The "Motherland Party" led by Yulia Ji Mo Shenke won 5.68% votes.

October 26, 2014, Ukraine held the highest Rada advancement election. According to the Ukrainian Constitution, the Minister of Interior of Ukraine and the Prime Minister are appointed by the highest Rada, not president. Such Poshenko is likely to pay the prime minister to Yaeton.

Main authority

The power of Ukraine's highest Soviet is:

(1) Legislative power: revisit the Ukrainian Constitution; through various bills.

(2) Budget Approval Right: Approval of the national budget of Ukraine and modify the budget; supervise the implementation of the Ukrainian national budget, through resolutions on the implementation report on the national budget.

(3) Supervision: Consideration and adopt resolutions on the approval of the Ukrainian cabinet activities; listen to the Ukrainian President's annual and non-routine about Ukraine's internal and foreign policy address; according to the Constitution, the Ukrainian cabinet The activities were supervised; approve Ukraine to provide loans and economic assistance to foreign and international organizations and Ukraine from foreign, foreign banks and international financial organizations to obtain the use of borrowings of the Ukrainian national budget, and supervise the use of borrowings.

(4) Personnel Power: President of Presidenti; Prime Minister, Cabinet Member and Central Bank President, General Prosecutor, Secretary for Safety, Chairman of the National Anti-Monopoly Committee, Chairman of the National TV Broadcasting Committee The appointment of the Chairman of the Committee and the release of the above personnel.

Organizational Structure

(1) One of the malls of the mall, one person, one person, one person.

Ukrainian Parliament

(2) The Speaker mainly has the following powers: as a member of national security and national defense meetings to participate in meetings, participating in national security, national defense, etc.; HP Parliamentary Plenary, recommending recommendations such as meeting procedures, and maintain meetings Order, there is the right to stop Members' speech and announce the adjournment; the main officials of the Director of the Office of the Office of the Office of the Office of the Office of the Office of the Office of the Office.

(4) 27 special committees under the parliament:

Agricultural Policy and Land Relations Commission

Anti-Corruption and Organized Crime Committee

< P> Environmental Policy and Natural Resource Utilization and Eliminating Chernobyl Nuclear Accident Council

National Construction and Local Policy and Autonomous Council

Construction and Urban Construction and Residential Commission

Budget Committee

Economic Policy Committee

Cultural Religious Committee

Legal Policy Committee

Foreign Affairs Committee

European Integrated Committee

Science Education Committee

Health Protection Committee

Energy and Nuclear Policy Committee

And Old Warriors and Disabled Councils

National Security and National Defense Committee

Legislative Protection Committee

Parliament Disease Schedule and Activity Assurance and Magic Moral Committee / P>

Industrial Policies and Enterprise Management Committee

Judicial Council

Human Rights and Minority Nationalities and Interim Relations Committee

Social Policies and Labor Council / P>

Financial and Bank Working Committee

Transportation and Communication Board

Family Affairs and Youth Policy and Sports and Tourism Commission

Speech Free and Information Board

Tax and Tariff Policy Committee


The Office of the Office is the main office of the parliament, and it is responsible for Speaker, the first minister and the deputy director of the Secretariat, the Expert Office, Legal Affairs Bureau, Document Operation Safety Bureau, Organization Bureau, Information Security Bureau, Press Bureau, Foreign Affairs Bureau, Cadre Affairs Bureau, Supervision Bureau 19 units. The Office is equipped with 2 to 3 assistants for the leaders of the Parliament and the committees.

Meeting system

Under normal circumstances, there are two sections each year, respectively from the beginning of February to July and the beginning of September to the beginning of the year. It is room for summer and winter session. If there is special and emergency, the speaker has the right to call non-routine conferences during the recess. The parliament charter has no clear statement of the statutory attendance, except for the constitutional amendment and the cost of the president, which requires more than two-thirds (300 votes), and other bills are passed by a simple majority (226 votes). Voting a variety of electronic votes, raising votes, singing votes, and electronic votes are more common, and the latter two are mainly suitable for more important resolutions, requiring the parliament to express resolutions.

2018 3 and 20, the Ukrainian Parliament passed the bill, prohibiting Members from carrying weapons to participate in the meeting, and the reason was a Girl Men to enter the parliament venue last week, suspected of planning attacks, and claimed to hold themselves gun. According to this bill, Members must lock the weapons and explosives before entering the venue.

Legislative Program

President, government and Members have the right to make a proposal. The motion should be submitted to the Registration of the Office of the Office of the Parliament, and the Special Committee of the Speaker is issued to the proposal. The Specialized Committee has made recommendations on the proposal or asking the Parliamentary Conference to support, or the recommendation Parliament will not support, or return the motion to the proposal. If the parliament passes a bill, the president is submitted. The president shall be released or rejected within 15 days or rejected. Otherwise, the speaker has the right to sign the motion and officially released. If the President's vetement, the Parliament can override the president veto by more than two-thirds, and the motion will take effect.

MRS system

Uri Miss member has proposal, voting rights, and questioning rights to government and other agencies. Without the consent of Ukraine, Members cannot be held criminal responsibility, detained or arrest. Uri Miss member cannot serve as other national organs, otherwise it must abandon the identity of Members within 20 days. The Wul Constitution stipulates that in the following circumstances, the Member is terminated in advance; (1) Resignation according to the individual's request; (2) The guilty judgment is legally effective; (3) The court believes that he is not a behavior or whereabouts are unknown People; (4) Stop his nationality or settle in Ukraine; (5) death; (6) Members do not participate in their party (campaign alliance) or withdraw from the party. Its term is based on the party's decision to terminate. Members will be approved by the Parliament for a term of time.

Party group system

One of the presidents and vice presidents of the Docuset Group, according to the leadership of the party, the party's political committee and the parliamentary work need to be able to convene a party group meeting. Not alone Party Committee Committee and Supervision.

Outgoing Communications

The Office of Foreign Affairs Office of the Owalsh Conference Office is responsible for organizing the visit and reception of the Council and receiving visitors, funding from the national budget. The bilateral friendly team is an informal organization of the mall, playing a positive role in the parliamentary communication. There is 89 foreign friendly groups in the Parliament, and the friendly team is one of the larger groups. It was established on January 4, 2008, with nearly 80 members.

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