Tu Wei (5 photos)

August 18, 1928, tailor is born in Rugao County, Jiangsu Province Hong Kong (now Ru Eagang Town).

In 1942, the first grade of Nantong Middle School in Nantong Middle School was taken in the first place in 1942. The second half of the first three schools returned to the Middle School.

In 1943, the tip of the impunity was just 15 years old and took the anti-Japanese underground work in the Nugang Middle School, and distributed flyers and passed the sign language.

in 1944, the tailor violations served as the editor of the "Han Xing" of the underground publication, and has been published in ten issues.

In January 1945, the tailor inflammation into Nantong Middle School, which was the second semester of the third grade. After graduating from high school in Nantong Middle School, the tailor is returned to the port. In the same year, he joined the Communist Party of China and served as a branch office and served as the chairman of the Nugang Youth Federation of the Soviet Union, the Chairman of the Huanghai Supper, and the chairman of the East Middle School.

1946 Spring, according to the organization, 18-year-old pipelies left home to work in Northeast Liberation Area.

1949 autumn, the tailor inflammation is guaranteed to Harbin Institute of Technology, while serving as the head of the political teaching and research room and political faculty.

in 1951, the tailor is imposed on the Physics Department of Tsinghua University.

In 1953, the tailor was influenced by the exam, and was sent to the Soviet Union. He has learned from the University of Lenin, Tbilisi University and the University of Moscow, majors. During his study in Moscow, he was selected to be sent to the physicist Peter Capi (1978 Nobel Physics Award Winner). He found the experiment of success. "Reverse cardika thermal resistance".

In 1956, the control of Peter Capi was allowed by Peter Carpi, and he entered his physical research institute in Moscow, thus entered the Physical World.

In 1958, he did not read his graduation papers at the Qualifu Low Temperature Physics Conference. He graduated in advance and was recommended by the School and was selected by the Soviet Physics Problem Research Institute. The graduate student of the Institute of Physical Problems, and he wrote its own research results "for the temperature between solid and superflow between the temperature. Discontinuity research.

In 1960, Zhang Jiyan graduated from the Soviet Physics Problem Research Institute, received a small doctorate in the Soviet Union (equivalent to Dr. Europe); graduated, returned to China to enter the Chinese Academy of Physics Research Institute, serve, president, Director .

In October 1980, Zhang Wei was elected as a member of the Academy of Sciences (Academician).

In August 1983, Zhang Jiyan served as Director of the Physics Research Institute of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (until May 1985).

In September 1984, Zhang Jiyan served as a proxy principal of the University of Science and Technology (until April 1985).

In April 1985, Zhang Jiyan served as the principal of the University of Science and Technology (until Jan 1987). The same year served as a member of the 4th Academic Committee of the Physics Institute of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (to 1986).

1986, during the president of the China Science and Technology University, Hefei took a school tide, and the monthly tube but also was approved at the same time as the vice president of the Chinese Science and Technology.

In 1987, he left the mainland. After four years of Europe, the United States went to Taiwan in 1991.

On March 20, 2003, the tailor is in Taiwan's Taichung City died of a car accident.

Main achievements

Research achievements

  • research review Tanker

Mainly engaged in low temperature and superconducting research. In the reverse cardiki thermal resistance problem, strong magnetic field superconducting material, superconducting magnet development, second type superconductor, superconductor negligective effect, high temperature superconducting research, synchronous radiation accelerator construction, etc. Cooperation has developed several international level superconducting materials with international levels. The origin of the second type of superconductor critical field and the critical current is invented, invented a new method for measuring the critical characteristics of the strong field superconducting material, the phase change thermodynamic relationship of the superconductor is verified.

1957 - 1960

Tailitis is mainly engaged in Liquid He-II (overflow hydraulic) and solid interface during the Soviet Union The Kapitza thermal resistance was used to confirm the reversibility of Kapitza thermal resistance, invented the measurement of the Kapitiza thermal resistance of the He-II guide interface, using the system experiment to test the theory of phonon miscarriage, and put forward the solution The Contradictory Physical Model between theory and Experiments. It was found that the results of the anti-kkaya thermal resistance were found, explained the serious differences between the theory and experiments between the time.

1960 - 1976

管 炎 炎 during the working period of the Physics of Chinese Academy of Sciences and the industrial sector research institute and factory research Hospital, Baoji Nonferrous Metal Plant, Changsha Mining Institute, Shanghai Metallurgy, etc.) Extremely low-temperature supercondural and strip, successfully develop high-current density (106A / cm2, 8T) high mechanical strength and stability performance Guided materials, including NBTI wires and NB3SN strips, and developed a successful magnetic magnet, a superconducting magnet, a strong magnetic field, and a national science award. In the early 1960s, the low temperature test of nuclear explosive materials was conducted and received relevant unit rewards.

1976 -

Taxi is mainly engaged in high temperature superconducting research. The ion size effect (including TC, Tn, Pn, RH, etc.) in high temperature super conductors (including TC, Tn, Pn, RH, etc.), the anti-Mashen effect in the film, the fish tail phenomenon in hysteresis retreat and the coexistence of superconductivity and non-magnetic properties, etc. . The ion size effect is attracted by the international academic community, and it is important to inspire the micro theory of high temperature superconductance.

  • Academic discussion

as of March 2003, the tailor is in China Important academic publications published nearly 200 articles, with others with "superconductivity" (1, two), "superconducting research 75 years".

Talent Cultivation

Taxi is the main promoter of China's superconducting research and low temperature teaching, under the promotion of Physics of Chinese Academy of Sciences, in Beijing University, China University of Science and Technology Superconducting and Low Temperature Research Laboratory established superconducting and low temperature research laboratories, a research institute of several research institutes and industrial sectors of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and cultivated a large number of research and teaching talents.

Honor recognize


honor commended

1986 -

national level "in 1996 - 1992 Chinese-English Scientists "title

October 1980

Member of the Academy of Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (Academician)

social responsibility

管 炎 炎 炎 炎 北京 北京 北京 大学 北京 北京, Deputy Secretary-General, Deputy Secretary General, Deputy Director of China Refrigeration Society, "Physics News" editor, "Low Temperature Physics", International "Low Temperature Physics" magazine consultant editor, "China University of International" editor For the members of the Discipline Discipline of the State Council; he also served as a drafting of the international scientific research planning.

Personal life

The astonger of the impunity, the father is the landlord and the bourgeoisie. Since the teenager, the tension is a rebellious person, and the tanyan is betrayed into the family. It is born to death, and the youth is dedicated to the liberation of labor, overthrow the blood of the Republic of China.

Character evaluation

Tailitis inflammation in reverse cardiki thermal resistance problem, strong magnetic field superconducting material, superconducting magnet, second type superconductor, superconductor negative magnetic resistance effect , High temperature superconducting research, synchronous radiation accelerator construction, etc. have achieved highlighting. (Commentary of Chinese Academy of Sciences)

Tanitis is in China, low temperature physics and superconducting research scientists in contemporary world scientific research. (Nantong Middle School, Jiangsu Province

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