Step printing


First look at our origin

Live typography Bi Sheng inventive literal printing in Sui and Tang Dynasties, the carving print, but it is expensive, and it is not economical Improved innovation of typography has become an inevitable trend of development. The civilian (ordinary people) in the Northern Song Dynasty invention invented the orthodontics.


Stepped Screen Printing Process As the first non-material cultural heritage promulgated by the State Council, once again entered people's sight, it is attached to and protected. The invention of printing begins with the stencil, thereby laid the foundation of cultural scientific spread. Engels had written down the world in 1840: "The inventions of the printing" poem:

Step printing

"You are an enamel / you are a lofty God / now you should praise and honor / immortal gods / You are happy for praise and glory / and nature seem to have shown how magical power is displayed. "

is known as" lofty God ", spread human civilization Printing, the French Lagbo believes to originate from Chengdu. In 1894, Lagurry wrote in the "Chinese Ancient Civilization Source": East Jin Cheng Di (326 - 334 in place), the middle of the Chengdu is a printed. Since the French has not detailed to support their views of information, it is still an endless conjecture for more than 100 years.

Step printing is actually in the Song Dynasty, it originated from Chengdu. The "White Caord Word Spectrum" has been recorded in the "Wai Prefecture Words": After the Lord Meng Yu is on the stone tablet, standing in Chengdu. Later, Meng Yu also felt that this cannot be widely circulated, invented the use of wooden board, so "Song Shushu is in the beginning of". " This is far from the french saying. Regarding the period of initial sources of stellate, there is also an Eastern Han Dynasty, and the Northern Dynasty said that the Tang Dynasty said that the Northern Song Dynasty said. In 1966, the Buddha Temple of Eastern Korea found the "Duplex Greater Greater Daloni", and some experts have inferred the printing of the Tang Dynasty (Duzi Tian 690-705 in position), which is the earliest carved real thing. During the Japanese Liang Ren, the "No Sculptive Greater Great Bandalman" was printed in 770. This shows that China's stencil printing is introduced to Japan when the Tang Dynasty Bozong (Li Yu, 762-779 is in place). Therefore, stellate printing should be earlier than the five generations and later Northern Song Dynasties in Meng Yu. No doubt, the early Tang has a stencil printing. As for the French, the engraved printing is started in Eastern Jin, and there is no physical confirmation yet. Scrapping printing of existing literature, the long-standing engraving reading in the age of domestic and foreign years is from Chengdu. The "Dato Mantra" collected by the domestic museum has been unearthed from Chengdu Wangjiang Building in 1944, which is clearly labeled by Chengdu. Experts have identified, and their age will not be late in the second year of Tang Dynasty (757). The "Diamond" residual roll of the British Museum is "Sichuan (Sichuan Chengdu)," Santon nine years (868) is blended. The engraved print dewrapping of the British library, also indicated the name and age of the engraver: Middle and two years (882) "Swordnam Xichuan Chengdu Fufu Fan Jia". After the Japanese monk Zong Rui visited the Tang, I returned to China in 865. The "Tang Yun" "jade article" contracted "printed in Xichuan" words. "Jade article" is the first letter of my country's first book. After the "jade article" was introduced to Japan, from this Japanese, the Japanese was synonymous with the Chinese-Japanese dictionary. The most long-term engraves in the ages at home and abroad, from another perspective, it will show that Chengdu is inventive and earliest use of stencil printing.

From the copy, drag the inventory of the inventory

prior to the inventive inventions, my country's ancient cultural class is handed down by artificial hand. Before Qin and Han, copying the fabric (white silk fabric) called "书"; copy bamboo (ie, bamboo slip) and wood chip (ie, wood) called "simple". In 1980, Sichuan unearthed and rare Qin Muzhen. The content is a "TAV", which is amended by Qin Wu, the second year of Qin Wu (309 BC), which is the law of farmland planning. From the Eastern Han Dynasty Cai Lun into the papermaking process, improve the quality of plant fiber paper, after writing painting, until the North and South Dynasties, the brings are replaced by paper. The paper is called "copy", also known as "writing". It is usually used to refer to the book printed by the "engraving" or "version" to distinguish the "Write this" of the hand. Carved stone is also the extent of ancient culture. Su Shi "Lady Word" said: Lu Rui's wife "The word is very poor", "no passing can not be can't," because of the carved stone ". Pick your best, engraved on the stone monument to make it permanently. From the stone tablet and the rock wall (ie "Moxity"), it is called "Top".

Whether it is a simple, book, engraved stone, or "writing this", fewer quantities, limited range of propagation. "Han Han Shu" records: Qi Ping four years (175 years), the father of the Han Ling Di Cai Wenji Cai Wei (Yong) writes "Qi Jing" on the stone monument - "Book of Songs" "Shang Shu" "Zhou Yi" "Spring and Autumn" "Ram Biography" "The Arctic" "The Analects" has a total of forty-six stone monuments, and then sculpt, stand outside the Taijie (the highest academic government in ancient times). People flocked to, in front of the stone monument, copy or watch, thousands of car stored next to "filling street". At that time, cultural class was a scarce resource, even a privilege of monopolizing the ruler and aristocratic class. In order to get the "Lanting sequence" in Wang Xizong, Tang Xuanzong is full of heart, and finally deceives the fraud. Its collector's argument is still dead but die. After Tang Xuanzong won the "Lanting order", it will engage in the jadeboard to reward the ministers in the form of the book to show the villain.

China Printing Technology is stunned in Europe

With the invention of the printed printing, cultural classics can be published in a large number of prints. In the Northern Song Dynasty (1041-1048) Bi Sheng invented mud, there was a pottery, wood-live word, metal letterprint printing, however, the script printing is still the main book publishing form. In the 1980s, he came to China's Jesus Siri Ma Si, and in his "Lima Sir, China Journal of China" said that the script is said: "Skilled print workers can print the copy at an amazing speed. 1500 copies can be printed one day. " "And use this method ... can be used as the need to determine the amount of printing ... It is the simplicity of Chinese printing, which means why there is a lot of books (China), and the price is so surprisingly low." . "We have benefited from this Chinese printing method."

The sixteenth century Spanish Doomsa in the "Greater China Empire History · The Chinese Empire is far from the printing, printed, costume books and methods before we": printing is a "" Amazing inventions, "The invention of European printing begins in 1458, the inventors are German Valleyburg ... It is obvious that after many years of using this technology in their (Chinese), this technology John Valley, John Valley, who was passed by historians, who was considered authoritative by historians, was established on the basis of China's inventions by historians. "European printing is based on China. British scholars wrote in "China's Science and Technology History": "Almost every achievement in the process of Western world modern civilization is related to the introduction and development of printing in different ways." The invention of printing, the development of cultural science and technology, the progress of human civilization, and great power.

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