Significance Population is the population and sports in sports population is economic and social development to a certain historical stage. Sports population is an important social sports indicator. It reflects people's participation and affinity of sports. It is an important sign of economic and social development. It is a research on social sports development plan and conduct sports development strategy research. An important basis.
Sports population can be divided into a substantive sports population and non-substantive sports population, of course, sports population and or outstanding sports population, lifelong sports population and indirect sports population, active sports Several people and passive sports population. Substantial sports people (also known as direct sports people) refer to those who personally participate in various sports activities, they not only have better sports attitude, exercise the habits of physical, and master the basic technologies and knowledge of sports, it is Sports population of sports. Non-substantial sports people (also known as indirect sports people) refers to those who love sports and interested in competitive sports, but they don't participate in their sport competitions, visitors, readers.
of course sports people refers to sports standards engaged in professional sports or careers, and meets national statutory sports standards in the provisions, including amaters, coaches, sports. Teachers, students, school sports teachers, active soldiers, armed police, people's police, and adults reached national physical exercise standards within one year. Or is the sports population refers to the sports population formed by the sensation of physical education and social sports. The main work of developing sports people should be concentrated in the population of sports, that is, those who may become a sports population, through social efforts, social control, transformation into real sports people, of course, sports population contained in total sports people There are very few proportions, but they are the backbone team of sports, but also the actual workers who translate or run the population, and should develop this part of the number of people.
Lifelong Sports population means that since the self-acceptance of school sports, persistence is sustained to date, and can continue to the aging sports people. Indirect sports people refer to social members leaving sports activities, after various reasons left sports, middle-aged or old-age recovered sports people.
The active sports population refers to the establishment of the correct sport value concept, has a strong interest in sports and body entertainment, and consciously takes the initiative to adhere to the population of sports activities. The passive sports population is pointed out in a society. Pressure is forced to enter or participate in sports in sports in a particular environment.
Direct participation in various physical activities, that is, personal sports practice, is the basic characteristics of sports population, they reach sports by taking a specific physical exercise method Objective, enhance physical fitness, enhance physical and mental health, improve sports skills, improve lifestyle, and promote people's comprehensive coordination and improvement. This part of the population can be called a substantial sports population. The sports population defined in this book, that is, a substantial sports population.
Due to the participation of school sports, armed forces and high-level competitive sports with certain mandatory and stability, the groups of these sports populations and corresponding total groups are not large, and they can be considered as of course sports. population. In social sports, the differences between sports population and total groups have management and sociological significance, namely, the social factors for social sports management and restricting people's sports participation, there is also a full social or social group sports. The judgment of value concept, therefore, most countries in the world are mainly carried out in the field of social sports in the development of sports.
Sports population Related
We emphasize the direct participation of sports people, but in fact, there is a large number of non-direct sports activities, but they are very keen high-level competitive sports competition performances. The audio-visual viewer of the orientation and sports media. The relationship between this population is very close, and the number is quite large. They are one of the major consumer groups in the sports market. It is also one of the important partnerships of sports social practice. They are highly affinity with sports, with from The basic conditions of the transformation of non-substantial sports people to the substantive sports population, and they do their transformation work to the substantive sports population. It is an important task of social sports. Therefore, they cannot ignore and exclude their existence when studying the population of sports. Due to the limited conditions, discussions on this part of the non-substantial sports population were not launched in this study.
Sports teaching, scientific research, news, management department's staff and sports are closely related, but there is also some people who are not substantial sports people. However, this part of the population is not large in the total population, and it does not affect statistical results for their ignore.
In the game, play cards, fishing and other activities, there is not much sports, the physical activity is not obvious, and the role of enhancement is still to be further discussed, so it will not be only only in this study. As such activities, people who have participated in sports are listed as substantial sports people.
Due to the more parameters of the sports population, such as the participant's initial health, the number of sex, the choice of activity, the activity frequency (ie the number of times the weekly exercise), each event time, The load intensity, the actual fitness effect after the activity, so it is very difficult to develop an objective, scientific and convenient operation, and statistical unified judgment standards are very difficult.
Internationally determines the standard difference between sports population, in determining the judgment standard for China's sports population, we believe that the following sports population judgment standards are in line with majority of China The actual situation is feasible:
* Weekly body activity frequency 3 times (including 3 times);
* Each physical activity is more than 30 minutes;
* Each body activity intensity is modeled.
With the advancement of society, the economic development, the development of sports population is increasing. The active sports population, substantive sports population and lifelong sports population have also increased trend. The important task of developing social sports is to increase sports population, increase conscious participation, uninterrupted participation, and lifetime participation in high-quality sports population.
Basic Data h2>
This survey is based on basic data on sports population and sports participation:
* In 1996, there were 33.26% of my country's 16 years old. The person participated in at least one sports activity, and 66.74% of adults did not participate.
* Some people participating in sports activities have participated in sports competitions and performances, accounting for 23.05% of the total number of adults. The number of participants is more than 1 to 3 times.
* In 1996, 33.26% of sports activities participating in the event, 84.46% of people have at least one event, 49.54% of them reached sports. Population evaluation criterion.
* accounted for 96.01% of each exercise for more than 30 minutes, and 3 times a week, the exercise of exercise is 15.46%. Therefore, in 1996, in the population over 16 years of age in my country, the proportion of population decided to decide the standard of sports population was 15.46%, about 140 million.