World Cultural Heritage
Heritage Name: Salzburg City History Center
Historic Center of the City of Salzburg
Selection Basis: Cultural Heritage (II) (IV) (VI)
Geographic Location: N47 48 02 E13 02 36
Heritage No .: 784
Salzburg is located in the west of Austria, is a door of the Alps. According to historical records, Salzburg is now the oldest city in the historic region of Austria. The city's architectural style is Baroque, and the beautiful Sals River divides Salsurg into the new city, the old city. A special, a long-term tits, and the fountain of the monastery, green trees, a garden and a thousand-style fountains, formed a historic center of Salzburg.
In 1996, according to the Cultural Heritage Selection Based on Cultural Heritage, Salzburg City History Center was approved by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee as cultural heritage "World Heritage List ".
Evaluation of World Heritage Committee
When Salzburg is still a city-state under the Great Bishop, it has been trying to protect the precious urban buildings built in the Middle-19th century. At her broaden, she has attracted a large number of craftsmen and artists with their flame-like gothic art. Later, Italian architects Vincenzo Scamozzi and Santini Solari brought a large number of Baroque-style architecture, through their work, this city has also been More popularity. Perhaps this is the blend of North and South Europe to achieve the most famous genius of Salzburg - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Uffang Amadeus Mozart. Since then, his name has been in contact with this city.
Salzburg is located in the junction of Salzburg, Germany, in the central Austria, 150 km in Munich, Germany, west of Vienna, Austria 300 km. Located in the northern Bird of the Alps, the south is the mountain, but the north is a Ma Pingchuan. Salzburg is named in the nearby salt mine and castle.
Ancient and new cities
As early as the Neolithic Age, there are people living in Salzburg, Salzburg, Salzburg. Salzburg was settled in Card people, followed by the Romans, 798 as an Archbishop. A elegant gothic spire building and beauty mountains are integrated into one of the most beautiful cities from the medieval city. In the 17th century, the Italian architectural Master Wen Skamoqi has built a group of Baroque buildings in the city center, making the ancient city art style more abundant. In 1803, the Roman Empire passed the law and implemented political education, and the Canton of Salzburg lost the dominance. After that, Salzburg became part of Bavaria, then returned to Austria.
In 1942 Nazi Germany established a concentration camp, burning book and arrest Jewish in Salzburg. The cruel air strikes destroyed or damaged 46% of the buildings in Salzburg, 7,600 houses were destroyed, and 14563 were disappeared. More than 550 people were killed in the air strikes. The most serious damage is the area of the railway station and the central city, including the Salzburg Cathedral of the Salzburg Cathedral, but most of the Baroque buildings are kept well, so Salzburg is only a few reserved originals. Baroque style city.
Salzburg has been liberated from Nazi iron hoof, the citizens continue to host the Salzburg music festival in 1920, re-establish the confidence of life, and the economy will still recover quickly, now the Sa Erzburg has become a world famous tourist land. The annual April to October is the ideal tour time of Salzburg. This time is pleasant, and brings together the world's top musicians in the world. The music festival is also held in Seven. August. Opera, drama and other art performances are also held in summer, and Salzburg in summer is in the ocean immersed in music. In the winter, Salzburg is also a very beautiful movie, pure white holy snowflakes in the air, the wonderful music played in the orchestra is hovering throughout the city. From the end of November to the end of November, especially before and after Christmas, Salzburg is also a lively and abnormal, and the old town will hold romantic concerts and traditional national events.
Unique construction and construction
Salzburg has been trying to protect the precious buildings built in the middle of the 19th century. At that time, it was a city-state under the Great Bishop. In the Italian architect Skami and Solari have not built Salzburg centers in front of the Baroque style, Salzburg attracted a large number of craftsmen and artists with their attractive gentle artists.
The Baroque architectural style in Salzburg City has a unique charm, with numerous castles and palaces, mainly representatives of Hohenzalzburg, Menzheberg, Hohen Salzburg (1077), St. Peter Monastery (696), Salzburg Catholic Church (774), St. George Church (1501), St. Sebarstian Church (1505 - 1512), San San Church (1694- 1702 ), As well as Mirabir Palace and food as.
St. Peter Monastery: is a Romane-style rectangular hall with a triple lateral gallery, here in order to strengthen Christian churches built in 696. Until today, it is still the monastery of the monks practice. This ancient monastery is the only Roman church in Salzburg, on the ceiling of the building center, many portraits that draw religions.
Music genius Mozart
Ancient City also dedicated a great son Wo Amozart to the world (1756- 1791), his global reputation forever and this The city is connected together. He comforted the soul of a generation of people with pure, worrying music, and his birthplace is a museum, a museum, No. 9, and annual Salzburg Carnival.