Reading life

In 1935, Li Gong servant founded a "reading life" in Shanghai, Gao Shi met his English philosopher Ai Siqi, he began to think in depth of Chinese society The root source. Under the enthusiasm of Li Gong servant, Ai Siqi, the Gao Shi started to use his own stiff, trembling hand, engaged in the creation of science works. His first scientific fine "bacteria's food and clothing" was published in the second phase of the "Reading Life" half-month issue, and the first time I will change the original "Gao Shi" to "Gao Shi", announced: "Beide the people To go to the official, you can't lose your money. "Since then, the Gao Shi has a new gesture, and it has become one of the first science writers in China, and has dedicated a lifetime for this. Reading life


In 1931, Japanese imperialism launched the "Ninth 18" incident, quickly occupied the Northeast China, and began to change China's Japanese colonial aggression activities. At this time, the national crisis is increasingly serious. The Kuomintang authorities adhere to the "Before". In the intensive "encirclement and suppression" of the Red Army in the Soviet Union, the Implementation of Fascia Decree, the brutal suppression against Japanese democracy movement, and the progressive culture Conduct "encirclement and supplementation". Many patriotism and patriotic youth are arrested, imprisoned and murdered.

Li Jong Pu and many patriotic democrats, in anxiety, depression, and 彷徨 seek the road of anti-Japanese salvation. He and Gao Shi have organized "Global News Agency" in Nanjing, and is ready to jointly investigate the European and American students, reporting all national news, but due to the various restrictions of the authorities, it is not possible. Also organized the China International Cooperation Association, contact the Chinese National Cooperation Association, contacting the Chinese cultural circles, calling on the international community to stop Japanese imperialism aggression China; participate in Shanghai abolished the Civil War, the establishment of the Conference, attended the international peace conference, called for the cessation, Unity and enemies. In the spring of 1932, Li Ji also launched the "Life Daily" in Shanghai and Zou Yu, Hu Yuzhi, Gogong Zhen, Du Zhongyuan, and Bi Yutu, etc. "So I have a concept of new enlightenment at the time, and when I prepared a little enlightenment work - united the power of all parties to the country, I went to the country, and struggled for the thorough liberation of the Chinese nation - that is, solve itself. There is also the same pain - only learning from the responsibility of life, one of his main goals, "he wrote like this later. He shifted the attention to the people who were suffering from the people in the middle of the world, and "enabled them to get a little reading opportunity, instill them in all kinds of common sense to enhance their life skills and the efficiency of social services." / P>

On the 12th of 1932, when commemorating the 60th anniversary of the "declaration" founding, Li Jongyu was introduced by Huang Yanpei, and participated in the employment hall. The declaration is one of the most influential newspapers in China, and the general manager is the number of leaders and the largest newscators in the Shanghai press. After the "Ninth 18" incident, "declared" from the maintenance of the national interests, representing the national bourgeois and voices, and issued a comment, the crime of Japanese imperialism, criticizing the Kuomintang's non-resistance policy, requiring the Kuomintang to end a party dictatorship, Implement constitutionalism and actively support the revolutionary activities of the China Civil Rights Protection Alliance. Under the advocacy and planning of Li Jun, History has funded him to create a distribution library aimed at changing the pain of clerk and young students.

Declared Library is affiliated to the declared museum, purchases a variety of progress and social life practical books, facing Shanghai aware of the grand degree, clerk, worker, staff and young students. Its inside is set up, reviewed, circulated, and readers instructs four directories. In particular, the reader guides the introduction of self-study, reading questions and answers, etc., in the classics of the Hao Shihai, expressing the book, research methods, and future proposal, so that readers can have a purposeful in need to conduct reading activities in need.

The newspaper has created a circulation library and faced the masses of the public. This is a pioneering. It does not differ in the form of other public private libraries, but there is a feature in organizational, content, and nature. The circulation library founded by Li Jong is on the position of the education, and the readers have been "educated" with new educational perspectives to make libraries "education". At the same time, the circulation library is not like schools and other libraries, just a place to study and study, but to make libraries "schoolization", not only borrow books, but also guide people, help people study, tell people In the era of unprecedented country, what books should be read, what books must be read. This "education", "schooling" work, Li Ji is completed by the reader's instructions and readers. The circulation library has to receive forty-five readers' letter every day, reflecting all kinds of problems in thought, reading, and life and "depression", Li Jun Yong hires Aisqi, Liao Yushen, Xia Zuo, Liu Wei and other democratic progress gives readers Solution, the issue of universality in the letter, Li Ji is also in the "declaration" to "read question and answer" columns, daily public reply.

Li Jun is a strong sense of mission and responsibility to society and readers. Only one reader is found to borrow books in a month, the library will write to ask him why not coming to borrow books, reading, life encounters any difficulties. The circulation library became the most intimate friend of the majority of readers. By the end of 1936, Li Gong was captured, and the collection library has increased from more than 2,000 books to more than 30,000 books, with more than 20,000 readers.

Before and after 1933, the Kuomintang authorities reached a crazy point in the "encirclement" of progressive culture in order to step up the implementation of dictatorship. They instigated the specialist, hooligan smashing the bookstore, searching for killing progress cultural persons, prohibiting Lu Xun, Guo Moruo, Mao Dun and other people's works and all progressbooks published. The "declaration" led by history, adheres to the anti-Japanese national rescue position, strive for political democracy, and opposes the statement, causing the uneasiness and hatred of Chiang Kai-shek. In November 1934, the amount of history returned to Shanghai after pioneering stomach disease in Hangzhou, when the car was driving, the special agent killed by Dai Dai is in the territory of Zhejiang Haiyan County. The Cultural Division of the Kuomintang also seeps in the declared hall. The declaration is forced to turn to the high pressure policy, edited by Li Lizan, often published in Lu Xun, Shen Yan Bing's secondary magazine "free talk" and "reading question and answer" by Li Ji, edited. Li Gong also plans to retreat from the declared museum (many is a communist party member), and create a "reading life" half-month issue, continue to popularize cultural knowledge, publicize progress, and engage in the work of salvation. In April 1936, the "Reading Life" publishing house was officially established due to more and more accumulated materials.

Main content

"Reading Life" editing and author, essentially the original manuscript of the original guidance department and "reading question and answer". "Reading Life" inherits the original purpose and style, emphasizing the theory close contact with practical, emphasizing the unity of learning reading and social life. It is pointed out that learning only in life is a practical study; only living in learning is a life that truly combat. "Reading Life" created a living record, which announced the living conditions of workers, farmers, small clerks and students at that time, telling readers how to learn, live in adversity, and solve their depression and pain. "Reading Life" also creates new education methods of "polling", often publishing people's systematic lectures, and achieving extensive social education. Because many readers are not highly cultural, Li Ji is popular in philosophy, social science, and political economic science. "Reading Life" also publishes a lot of "Q & A", "Speech", "Common Sense", such as the "philosophical speech", Liu Wei's "street speech", Cao Bohan "Democratic speech", Gao Shi " Scientific speech "is an important reading of propagation, popularizing social science knowledge. It publishes a series of "social common sense reading", including "imperialism", "women's problems", "reading common sense", "reading news knowledge", etc., has produced extensive impact in anti-Japanese national salvation. Each of our country is also published by Guo Deli, Wang Yannan. It is also published by "Reading Life" Press. Li Gong Pu himself, also published many anti-Japanese salvation in "reading life". "Reading Life" meets the needs of the broad masses of the people's pursuit of brightness, and become a strong fortress in Shanghai's progressive cultural positions.


"Reading Life" is the impact of "Zuo Lian" and "Social Federation" led by the Communist Party and the impact of Li Ji and other patriots Progressive Publications founded in the 1930s. The contents of "Reading Life" have a great influence and role in new cultural movements, providing a reference and enlightenment for today's knowledge world.

founder Li Gong servant

Li Gong servant (1902-1946), China's modern great patriot, firm democratic warrior, early leaders of China Democracy, outstanding society Educator. In 1934, he participated in the "Reading Life" half-month. In Wuhan, he participated in the "National Anti-War" magazine and promoted anti-Japanese national salvation. The Beverage Bookstore and North Gate Press, published, selling progress literary and art books, promoting anti-Japanese national and democratic progress. In 1944, China Democratic Alliance established Yunnan branches in Kunming and was elected as an executive. In October 1945, the Executive Committee of the People's Central Committee was elected. On February 10, 1946, Chongqing held a conference of the CPPCC to set up a conference, and was promoted to the five bureau members. Due to the dictatorship of the Kuomintang, the civil war policy is assassinated by the Kuomintang specialist.

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