CPLP (Community of Portuguese-Speaking Countries, Comunidade dos Países de Língua Portuguesa)
proposal to set up the Community of Portuguese-speaking countries in 1989 in Brazil President Franco first proposed. In the same year, the heads of the G-7 meeting in Portuguese-speaking Brazil Maranon state capital in St. Louis, signed a summary on the establishment of the International Association of Portuguese. Shortly after the meeting, Brazilian President Franco suggestions Portuguese-speaking countries to strengthen regional cooperation, and proposed the establishment of the CPLP. In 1993, Brazil proposed a plan to institutionalize community, has received endorsement from the other six countries. Since then, the 7 Portuguese-speaking countries held several round tables, matters on promoting the establishment of the CPLP, common council, Lusophone University, the International Association of Portuguese-speaking conducted in-depth consultations. And on July 17, 1996 formally established the Community of Portuguese-speaking countries. Community Brazil, Portugal, Cape Verde, Guinea Bissau, Mozambique, Angola, Sao Tome and Principe 7 States.
July 31, 2002, the Summit decided to accept the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste as a full member of the organization. Its purpose is to conduct political consultation in mutual support, mutual respect and on the basis of cooperation in economic, cultural, educational and social fields. Common body, big or small, are equal status. Community is the supreme body of State and Government Summit. Furthermore there is a permanent council of foreign ministers of member states of the council and a representative of the National Assembly by the Member States. 8 Portuguese-speaking countries across South America, Europe, Asia and Africa, an area of about 10.71 million square kilometers, a population of over 200 million. These countries with Portuguese as an official language and culture are closely related with each other there is a "special traditional relationship" due to historical reasons.
In July 2004, the 5th CPLP Summit Opens in Sao Tome and Principe Sao Tome, the capital. Participating leaders will focus discussions on the two-day conference on how to improve management and increase transparency, to discuss and sign a cooperation agreement to combat malaria and AIDS, and in particular the implementation of the mandatory plan use of funds for evaluation.
institutional systemExecutive Secretariat
Community responsible for the design and implementation of projects and programs. It is located in Lisbon, Portugal. Executive Secretary, have two-year term, was re-elected only once. Guidelines and priorities determined by the Community biannual summit, the Community Action Plan approved by the annual board meeting of foreign ministers. There are also permanent Steering Committee meets monthly meetings to follow up special programs and projects. Community funding burden from the eight member countries. After East Timor became a member, we have eight petals on the national flag of the Portuguese-speaking community since 2002, instead of seven.
July 10, 2006, the Speaker of the CPLP member states to hold a special meeting in Lisbon, decided to formally set up of CPLP Parliament. According to the decision of the meeting, Chairman of the parliamentary post by the Member States to rotation, reelected every two years.
2014 Nian 7 23, at the Tenth Summit of the CPLP, held on East Timor, Equatorial Guinea was formally accepted as a member country, becoming the ninth member states of the organization. Equatorial Guinea President Obiang went to East Timor to attend the meeting.
Marco Lino Moco
|July 17, 1996 < / td>||July 2000||Angola|
Dulce Maria Pereira
(Dulce Maria Pereira)
|July 2000||2002 August 1||Brazil|
Joao Augusto de Medicis
(João Augusto de Médicis)
|2002 August May 1||April 2004||Brazil|
(Zeferino Martins, the acting)
|April 2004||July 2004||Mozambique|
Luis de Matos Monteiro da Fonseca
(Luís de Matos Monteiro da Fonseca)
|July 2004||still||Cape Verde|
CPLP AIDS program - designed to help five African Member States
entrepreneur skills development Center - the establishment of public administration development centers in Luanda, Angola - established in Maputo, Mozambique
East Timor official language Center
prevention and treatment of malaria conference - held
Portuguese language survey
school and digitization University
Guinea-Bissau election (East Timor President and Nobel laureate Jose Ramos Horta (José Ramos-Horta) is the representative of the CPLP in the electoral process)
support Guinea-Bissau's emergency plan for reconstruction of public institutions
reconstruction of East Timor justice and public administration
fight against poverty and hunger
"Felino" exercise - CPLP annual joint military exercises
CPLP film FestivalInfluence
There are more than 223 million Portuguese-speaking countries around the world's population, we have a similar culture and common history. CPLP countries with a total area of over 10,742,000 square kilometers, larger than Canada. Since its establishment, the Community will help Sao Tome and Principe, Guinea-Bissau coup to solve the problem caused by the two countries in order to help the economic reconstruction (such as Sao Tome) and democratic reconstruction (such as Guinea-Bissau).
Community leaders believe an independent East Timor, Angola and Mozambique as well as help to strengthen multilateral cooperation and long-term development of the Community. In Portuguese-speaking Africa and East Timor, many children can not go to school, educational institutions in these regions seek help from Portugal and Brazil to strengthen people speak fluent Portuguese-speaking education (such as the establishment of Camoes Institute Language Center and its branches in many cities and towns), Portuguese-speaking is becoming one of southern Africa's major languages, such as Namibia and south Africa are Portuguese-speaking professors.
In developing countries, Portuguese-speaking, Portuguese-speaking as a government and economic terms means that Portuguese-speaking African countries, people who can work and communicate with other parts of the world, especially in the economic strength more strong Portugal and Brazil. The leaders of many African Portuguese-speaking countries worry less than the standard language fluency requirements, and Portuguese-speaking schools as a required course in order to give young Africans can be said that a universal language and benefit later in life.
Community of Portuguese Foreign Ministers Council held in Lisbon, Portugal, June 18, 2006 on the special meeting to discuss the situation in East Timor on a decision to send by ministers and experts delegation to East Timor to inspect. Portugal, Angola, Mozambique, Brazil, Cape Verde, Sao Tome and Principe, Guinea-Bissau and East Timor 8 foreign ministers and representatives of official language is Portuguese-speaking countries attended the day's meeting. The communiqué issued at the conclusion that the CPLP Foreign Ministers Council reaffirms its political support for the Timorese authorities, but condemned the casualties of the unrest.
communique urged all political forces in East Timor to continue the dialogue, that the political dialogue is conducive to stabilizing the situation, it is an important condition for national development. Communique called on the international community to make a positive, due efforts to stabilize the situation in East Timor and to provide humanitarian assistance to the people of East Timor to help the East Timorese people to overcome difficulties during this time. Current President of the CPLP Council of Foreign Ministers, Sao Tome and Principe Foreign Minister Carlos Gustavo Dos Anjos · said when meeting reporters after the meeting, the meeting is very important, the delegation will soon composition and to East Timor.
Portuguese Foreign Minister Amaral said the CPLP member states should have their own act together, and make effective decisions provide the right advice to the United Nations. He said that in view of the situation in East Timor during this time remains volatile, it is necessary to send UN peacekeepers to East Timor, CPLP member states should actively join the United Nations peacekeeping force.