Old Si Si Site

synonym Hunan Yongshun Tusi Castle Ruins generally refers to the old city ruins Division


Kaiping four years after the Five Dynasties (AD 910 years), Chu Nan Ma Yin Peng -2001 www.ilib.cn accepted into the South Chu, and let Peng -2001 www.ilib.cn Creek as provincial governor. Peng's grace in Sijhou to unite the people, by the people's support Sijhou, made for Sijhou land of hereditary chieftain.

Southern Song Dynasty Shaoxing five years (1135), Penfound stone pet (Penfound Shi Chong) after serving toast, often feel Sijhou (now Guzhang County will Xipinghe) Division under the rule (toast legacy) by Chenzhou constraint forces, then moved to the Division rule lingxi blessing stone County, and on this fortification, now the old City Division. Changes on the Secretary of governance have another record: Before the Division moved to the old city, that AD 971, the fourth World toast Peng Yunlin will be moved to the Longtan City Division rule (in this bifurcated Ma Yongshun County township).

Yuan Dynasty, the original Shun Sijhou is divided into Fusi, very Ge Fusi (under the jurisdiction of South Wiltshire), thought state to appease (the jurisdiction of the wheat would Creek, Shi dissolved three states probation and donkeys late Cave, Cave wax mess). Shun Peng's toast actual space under the jurisdiction of the extremely limited.

Ming Dynasty, Shun the old Division toast the city was rebuilt. Most sites existing buildings are built in the Ming Dynasty.

Qing Emperor Yongzheng years (1724), the Secretary Yongshun toast Peng Zhaohuai government moved upstream Spirit River Kesha Township, called Shinji city. Qing Emperor Yongzheng six years (1728), Shun toast Peng Zhaohuai offer automatic soil, with children and grandchildren to leave the Western Hunan, Jiangxi native place back to register for permanent residence, lasted 818 years Yongshun Tusi regime came to an end. Since then, the city gradually neglected old Division depression.

1995 to 2012, Hunan Province Xiangxi Autonomous Prefecture in conjunction with the Institute of Archeology Heritage Task Force, Yongshun County Cultural Relics Bureau, the Division has five times the old city and the periphery of the site carried out archaeological investigation, exploration and excavation.

2010 years Yongshun county government introduced the "old Secretary City Conservation and Utilization Project", is expected to be completed in 2015, proposed the construction site of the city into the old Division National Archaeological Park and cultural eco-tourism destination.

2015 Nian 09 29, Old City Division National Archaeological Park officially opened.

2016 Nian 05 Yue 01, the old city ruins as a scenic Secretary formally opened.

old Sicheng Village

Layout distribution


old Sicheng total site area of ​​25 square kilometers, urban area of ​​250,000 square meters, retained on the surface bulky walls and buildings. Division of Select old city in a remote barren mountain, mainly for military purposes. The natural environment constitutes a strong defense around the city site, there are a series of steep pass military and defense facilities. City Site consists of several parts of the palace area, District Government Office, District streets, the burial area, the religious area, garden villa area.

palace area

Palace area in the north of the city, built on mountains, northeast high, southwest low. Slightly elliptical shape, the circumference of 436 m, a total area of ​​14,000 square meters. A total of four palace area, and lime, cement tung oil. Simon is the main entrance, connecting the right Street Road, remaining partial step, residual high walls on both sides of about 2 meters, red sandstone tile Staggered Bonding edging. Palace area northwest, southwest corner, each about a southeast corner, the thickness of the walls 1 m, length 436 m. The main building is in the south central area of ​​the palace, hillside, facing Simon, from bottom to top, forming a four step-like platform. Built into the foundation with rammed earth. Remains including Bolkan wall base, walls, table level, bulk water, drains and the like.

Government Office District

Government Office area is located north of the city center site, adjacent to the north and living area, a toast and Official Government Office administrative offices and government agencies temporary residence location, plane close to the rectangular perimeter walls 408.8 m, an area of ​​8762.4 m2. Its east, south and west wall is well kept, general residual 1─2 meters high. Simon Yashu region residues still exposed on the ground, the gate width of 3.4 m, for stone to stone, the next one Street.

streets area

original old city streets Division clouds, vertical and horizontal communication, eight street, Wu Xiang, two, surviving its name are: Street (New Street), River Street, Wutun Street, Grand Street, Street left and right street, fish maw Street, of which the Center Street, the best preserved the right street. Streets full bedded road from red-brown pebbles.

burial area

old Division toast cemetery east of the southern suburbs of Purple Mountain, the entire cemetery built into the mountain 4, the entire surface of the mound cemetery, thanks to Taiwan, "character" gable flower belt wrapped around the waist aisle, north and south Shinto and stone figures, screen wall and other relics composition, which is the overall outlook for recovery toast cemetery Ming Dynasty, the Ming Dynasty funeral culture research, toast descent, production processes are of great value.

Religion district

Southern Division of the old city there is a sacred area, where the religious area during the toast, toast is the spiritual center of the area of ​​the general public. According to archaeological exploration in conjunction with local history, the temple has confirmed founder of the house, Guanyinge, grain Temple, Temple, Temple generals, eight large temple and so on. Various types of temples, religious activities, worship ceremony held at regular intervals, as a means of gathering people, condensed strengthen social force. Toast frequently during the campaign, General Hill Temple, Temple supernatural means of deterrent effect, played a role in morale.

Garden villa area

traced along the Spirit River, behind the old Division of the city, there is a quiet day pot, where the distribution of a large manor of toast, villas, Diaoyutai and other facilities, Yuan Shu district chieftain period. Spirit River on both sides of the cliff, stone inscriptions have been found at 8, recorded with toast family and his friends roam the pleasures of time.

cultural relics


Old Division of the city retained a lot of sites, the main founder of the house, Peng Ancestral Hall, toast benevolent monument, wing South St. Paul, toast underground palace, toast tombs and so on. Other artifacts and relics have waved Church, the rain Road, bell, Shima, toast official seal, Ruoyun College and other sites.

founder of the house

This temple area of ​​over 580 m2 main hall Miankuo five deep into the four eaves Shanding, 17.5 m long, 13 m wide, 20 meters high, all-wood structure, Wing 34 pillars supporting the roof. Die column bases with a double round drum, temple temple eaves ridge pattern is exquisite ceramic tiles terracotta. Kim Joo before the house, lined with a shrine, altar "founder" Idol. Magnificent ancient temples brackets, beams structure is quite special, is the Wuling Mountain region of considerable ethnic characteristics of the building.

Peng Ancestral Hall

Peng Ancestral Hall is located in the city center Division, behind toast "palace", and in the ancient tablets for bread, with fine wooden statue, has a collection of ancient toast three cardinal guides and the five permanent members of the development spectrum. To Wanli of the Ming Dynasty nineteen years (AD 1591) built upon Tournament 24th-generation Jin Yuan Peng toast either.

South wing arch

arch located south wing Division Jonan Academy Ruoyun Purple and Ya lawn, was built during Jiajingnianjian, engraved on the "offspring forever in" words Department of recognition twenty-six toast Peng Jinan on behalf of the Poet and meritorious soldier standing. Jiajing thirty-three years (1554), only 18-year-old toast Peng Jinan, the rate of five thousand soldier went to Jiangsu and Zhejiang generation to fight against Japanese pirates. Wang Jiang diameter soldier in battle wiped out nineteen hundred hundred people, known as Ming "since the dawn of pirates, who southeast of troops No more than this, its first work in this cloud," up "children and grandchildren will enjoy a lasting" arch to Zhao Ji .

toast benevolent monument

toast benevolent tablets in the left city government office site Division, bluestone made by the carving. Monument 2.74 meters high, 1.2 meters wide, front lettering, the stone cap top, side pillars help. This monument is fifty-two years of Qing Emperor Kangxi (AD 1713) in February to Shun Shun local officials, etc. Tournament Peng Wang Hai praises built.

chieftain tombs

chieftain tombs are more concentrated in three areas City Division Purple, elegant lawn, Pa barrel lake, the largest of which Purple Mountain. According to the survey, a total of Purple Mountain toast a king and nobility grave 109. After Penfound stone red toast, local officials and their families were buried here. Tomb of size, depending on their official post may be. From more than 30 tombs have been dug, the basic form is a semicircle with adobe arch, the tomb of Shiren Shima, enclosed with a fence, and out must pass through the iron gate. Fine engraved patterns as flowers and dragon tomb walls. Department Phoebe coffin, made of catalpa wood, painted matt black paint with soil, and with an iron hook hanging in the sarcophagus. Funerary objects is also very rich, Golden, gold analogy, insert hair, earrings, lotus and other gold and silver ornaments, and various jade. Toast Ming Dynasty Pengxian Ying, Peng Jinan, who has still preserved the graves.

heritage value

historical value

Secretary old ruins of the city has been hailed as China's "Machu Picchu", fully reflects produce toast and toast system, development and the demise of the whole process, to fill the gaps in the system toast Chinese archeology, provides support for the study of physical and chemical chieftain system has important historical value and far-reaching significance.

cultural values ​​

Old City Division site is southwest of the military in ethnic minority areas of the castle, the ancient cultural relics minority areas of southern China, it is both intangible cultural heritage, but also non-material culture heritage; both static artifacts, but also a living culture; both independent archaeological site, but also a complex legacy system.

Old Division ruins of the city fully reflect the toast cultural tradition so far has been the demise for the study of traditional culture, national culture, family culture, political culture, multiculturalism provides a unique testimony to toast cultural integration; complete witness the exchange and integration of Chinese culture and national culture, is a model of great fusion of ancient Chinese nation, is the regional ethnic autonomy success stories for the study of traditional culture Wuling mountain region, local culture provides a physical example, to explore today different nations, harmonious coexistence between different cultures of the road provides a rare evidence.

artistic value

Secretary old city ruins in a natural scenery, ethnic cultural, archaeological excavations combining the main features, unique art and ornamental value. Natural scenery set rocks, water features, trees, rivers, caves, tombs in one, unique landscapes; ancient cultural landscape with unique customs of ethnic minorities and dignified distant history and culture as the main character, the most prominent artistic and entertaining is the original ecology of natural and cultural features, intuitive, certainty, there is a strong ornamental and aesthetic values, national culture is a direct and important carrier, can vividly reflect the many information of human culture, this information includes almost human all aspects of activities.


1983 October old Secretary City Patriarch Palace, tombs toast was listed as the fifth installment in Hunan Province key cultural relics protection units.

In 2001 June, the old city ruins Division was announced by the State Council as a national key cultural relics protection units.

2010 October old city ruins Division was included in the first batch of National Archaeological Park project list.

2011 Nian 01 months, the old city ruins Division by the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences selected for the "2010 China's six major archaeological discoveries."

2010 October Director of the State Bureau of Cultural Relics Shan Jixiang visit the old city Department investigation. Former president of the National Palace Museum, China Archaeological Society Division Mr. Zhang Zhongpei four visits old city.

November 18, 2012, enter the old city ruins Division National Heritage Board declared World Heritage tentative list.

2014 Nian 04 13, the old Secretary City Ruins body protection emergency reinforcement project has been completed and restored to show the required archaeological work was 95% complete, security engineering 70% complete, left street houses the transformation was complete 23.

2015 Nian 07 Yue 04 days, the Secretary Yongshun old city ruins and cliff toast Hubei Enshi Tang Castle Ruins, Zunyi, Guizhou hailongtun Tusi Sites joint representative of the "Chinese toast heritage" is inscribed on the World Heritage List.

Travel Guide

Old City Ruins Park Tourism Division listing price of 68 yuan / person, including tickets to museums, scenic and environmentally friendly vehicles, excluding scenic accident insurance 3 yuan / person, free tickets 20 yuan / person and guided tours of 100 yuan / times;

of 1.3 meters and height of children, the elderly aged 70 years of age, disabled persons with valid credentials, active duty soldiers practice free of charge; < / p>

for children under 1.3 meters above the active duty military officers, under 60 years of military cadres, more than 60 years old, full-time school students under the age of 25, guaranteeing that families and other valid documents to implement half (79 yuan / person) discount;

within the Western states tourists into the old Division City area can only pay 33 yuan fee (including green car fare 20 yuan, 10 yuan and three yuan waste disposal costs scenic accident insurance ).

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