National Institutes of Health: A New Model of National Governance Research In recent years, China Association for Science and Development Research Center, the lead organization departments of science and technology workers, fully absorb and learn "Country the basis of wealth, "" national power "four representative study of" sustainable development "," human development, "the direction of the results," scientific concept of development "and" harmonious society theory "as the guide, a comprehensive analysis of the challenges facing the developing world today and crisis, summed up China's successful experience and problems, try to answer why China can continue to develop? What "China's development mode"? And gradually formed a "National Health" This new research directions.
Theory and Methodology
The research that the state is having a typical life cycle characteristics of complex life organization system, the National Health is a comprehensive expression of the national good running condition. Through theoretical "national health" concept of the resolution, the establishment of a "national life cycle" model, "composed of national health model", "national health index" model, "National Health input - output" model, "National Health surplus - overdraft "model, initially constructed the theory and methodology of the national Institutes of health.
From the point of view of complex systems, the state is within a specific time and space boundaries, its "natural - socio-demographic - - Economy" organized complex life systems with independent behavioral characteristics (NPES) composition. State and individual organisms similar, with a typical life cycle characteristics, has his childhood, youth, old age and old age. However, there are many but two fundamentally different. The use of "national life cycle" concept, just a metaphor describing phase characteristics of national life. For example, for an individual organism, its life expectancy have a specific time frame, and for the State, the inevitability of death does not exist, its life span time of great uncertainty and scalability. "Week although the old state, reform their lives," the State through self-transformation and innovation. National body to maintain health, beyond national life cycle trap. Meanwhile, the state at different stages of their life cycle, a significant hallmark of physical, psychological and behavior. A young country in the period, its vitality strong, strong immunity, the general strike capability with strong resistance from the outside and crisis management capabilities from within; the same intensity of combat and crisis if the country is in old age, experience, it is possible to make the country collapse and disintegration. Identify which stage in the life cycle of a country, "the history of the age" is not necessarily evidence and the only frame of reference, and comprehensive grasp its "biological age", "mental age" and "acts of the age." Of course, the national organization as a complex life systems, there is also a "health" issue. Broadly speaking, the concept of health expressed in good working system of a complex organization, thus, we can put "national health" is understood as "a country run good condition", that is an autonomous country with a vital, complex organizational system, each component is able to carry out their duties, do their best, to harmonize with each other, has a good ability to adapt to their own development and the process of change in the external environment.
through the organization of national, theoretical structure, function, and behavior characteristics of the analysis, integrated application system science, complexity science, organizational behavior science, life science, we complex organizational systems to countries that have a vital, simple and resolve metabolic (Metabolism system), immunization (immunity system), neurological (nervous system) and behavior (behavior system) four subsystems:
(1) the metabolic system is the basis and driving force supporting the country life activities, mainly in terms of population health and development of a country, resource use and consumption, as well as the "three wastes" emissions and comprehensive utilization.
(2) The immune system is to safeguard national orderly operation, coordination, safety barriers, mainly in the country's abundance of natural resource endowment and sustainability, economic ability to resist risks, social harmony and order, etc. aspect.
(3) of the nervous system is to achieve national self-regulation to protect the national central regulation of well-functioning, mainly in one country can quickly perceive changes in internal and external environment, scientific decision-making ability and put into implementation .
(4) reflects the behavior of the system is the National Institute of Mental Motivation and express the intrinsic characteristics of the system behavior and external performance activities, mainly in the country's entrepreneurial spirit, innovation behavior, and undertake peaceful development, poverty State responsibility aspects of poverty and sustainable development and so on.
Among them, metabolic, immune, nervous system focuses on three main description and portrayal of "physical characteristics" of the country, while the behavior of the system focuses on the description and characterization of the state "psychological and behavioral characteristics". From the relatively narrow perspective, the National Institutes of Health is built on metabolism, immune, nervous system and behavior of four good runs itself, and the whole self-consistent between each other, balance, coordination, a harmonious basis of a relatively intact state .
through the integrated application of the historical background analysis, data mining, Delphi method, neural network algorithm, the system immune algorithm, as well as social computing and other methods, the establishment of national health indicators critical threshold system to determine the index system weight, preferably measurement methods, evaluation results calculated integrated.
Considering the authority and availability of evaluation data to assess the country's typical and representative sample, choose 45 sample countries in the world where per capita GDP (PPP US dollars) between 1000 and 10000 a $ 16 countries, 10,000 to 20,000 dollars in seven countries, 20,000 to 30,000 dollars in 12 countries, 30,000 to 40,000 dollars in 10 countries. GDP 45 sample countries (PPP US $) accounted for 89.5% of global population accounts for 76.6%, accounting for 64.2% of land area, therefore, the state health of the 45 countries in the sample assessment results to some extent, can reflect the health of the world's countries and the picture characteristics. Statistics United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and other international organizations publicly available, and (WEF), IMD in national health evaluation, the choice of direct and indirect data are from the World Bank (WB) to the World Economic Forum (IMD) and other research and survey data publicly available authoritative research institutes.
At the same time, our assessment of the results of scientific tests, including the 45 countries in the sample National Health Index (NHI) and the national wealth index corresponding to (NWI), the National Competitiveness Index (HDI) environmental Sustainability index (ESI) for the Pearson correlation test; the national health index (NHI) and the corresponding national wealth index (NWI), the national competitiveness index (HDI), human development index (HDI), Gross national happiness (GHI), environmental sustainability index (ESI) return for further cross-examination. Test results show that: national health assessments in full compliance with the statistical aspects, so as to ensure the rational and scientific evaluation of the results of national health; but also further confirms the national health assessment is a comprehensive measure of a country's development situation and development model governance structure provides a new perspective, new dimensions and new methods, reflecting the unique value of the national health assessment.