Mobile terminal


English name: mobile terminal;MT

Definition: In a mobile communication device, the wireless transmission from or to the network is terminated, and the terminal device The ability to adapt to the wireless transmission part

Modern mobile terminals already have extremely powerful processing capabilities (CPU frequency is close to 2G), memory, solidified storage media, and a computer-like operating system. It is a complete ultra-small computer system. Can complete complex processing tasks. The mobile terminal also has a very rich communication method, that is, it can communicate through wireless operation networks such as GSM, CDMA, WCDMA, EDGE, 3G, etc., and it can also communicate through wireless LAN, Bluetooth and infrared.

Today’s mobile terminals can not only make calls, take photos, listen to music, and play games, but also include positioning, information processing, fingerprint scanning, ID card scanning, barcode scanning, RFID scanning, IC card scanning, and alcohol Rich functions such as content detection have become important tools for mobile law enforcement, mobile office and mobile commerce. Some mobile terminals also integrate walkie-talkies into the mobile terminal. (For examples of multifunctional mobile terminals, please refer to the extended reading [1]) Mobile terminals have been deeply integrated into our economic and social life, in order to improve people's living standards, improve law enforcement efficiency, improve production management efficiency, and reduce resource consumption And environmental pollution and emergency response have added new means. This kind of smart terminal has been used in express delivery, insurance, mobile law enforcement and other fields abroad. In recent years, mobile terminals have also become more and more widely used in my country's mobile law enforcement and mobile commerce fields.

Mobile terminal, or mobile communication terminal, refers to computer equipment that can be used on the move, and its mobility is mainly reflected in mobile communication capabilities and portability. Broadly speaking, it includes mobile phones, notebooks, POS machines and even on-board computers. But in most cases it refers to mobile phones or smart phones with multiple application functions.

With the development of networks and technologies towards more and more broadband, the mobile communications industry will move towards a true mobile information era. On the other hand, with the rapid development of integrated circuit technology, mobile terminals already have powerful processing capabilities. Mobile terminals are changing from a simple call tool to a comprehensive information processing platform, entering the stage of intelligent development, and its intelligence mainly reflects In four aspects: one is to have an open operating system platform that supports the flexible development, installation and operation of applications; the other is to have PC-level processing capabilities that can support the mobile migration of mainstream desktop Internet applications; the third is Possess high-speed data network access capabilities; the fourth is to have a rich human-computer interaction interface, that is, under the development of 3D and other future display technologies and voice recognition, image recognition and other multi-modal interaction technologies, more intelligent interaction with humans as the core Way.

Today’s mobile terminals can not only make calls, take pictures, listen to music, and play games, but also can realize positioning, information processing, fingerprint scanning, ID card scanning, barcode scanning, RFID scanning, IC card scanning and alcohol With rich functions such as content detection, mobile terminals have been deeply integrated into our economic and social life, in order to improve people's living standards, improve law enforcement efficiency, improve production management efficiency, reduce resource consumption and environmental pollution, and emergency response New methods have been added to the processing.

Features of Mobile Terminals

Mobile terminals, especially smart mobile terminals, have the following characteristics.

(1) In the hardware system, mobile terminals have a central processing unit, memory, input components and output components, that is to say, mobile terminals are often microcomputer devices with communication functions. In addition, the mobile terminal can have multiple input methods, such as a keyboard, a mouse, a touch screen, a microphone, and a camera, and the input can be adjusted as needed. At the same time, mobile terminals often have multiple output modes, such as receivers, display screens, etc., which can also be adjusted as needed.

(2) In the software system, the mobile terminal must have an operating system, such as Windows Mobile, Symbian, Palm, Android, iOS, etc. At the same time, these operating systems are becoming more and more open, and personalized application software developed based on these open operating system platforms emerges endlessly, such as communication books, calendars, notepads, calculators, and various games, which greatly satisfy individuality. User’s needs.

(3) In terms of communication capabilities, mobile terminals have flexible access methods and high-bandwidth communication performance, and can automatically adjust the selected communication methods according to the selected business and environment. Thus it is convenient for users to use. The mobile terminal can support GSM, WCDMA, CDMA2000, TDSCDMA, Wi-Fi and WiMAX, etc., so as to adapt to multiple standard networks, not only supporting voice services, but also supporting multiple wireless data services.

(4) In the use of functions, mobile terminals pay more attention to humanization, personalization and multi-function. With the development of computer technology, mobile terminals have moved from the "equipment-centric" model to the "human-centered" model, integrating embedded computing, control technology, artificial intelligence technology, and biometric authentication technology, which fully embodies the people-oriented approach. Purpose. Due to the development of software technology, mobile terminals can be adjusted according to individual needs and become more personalized. At the same time, the mobile terminal itself integrates many software and hardware, and its functions are becoming more and more powerful.

Related exhibitions

[Full name of the exhibition] Mobile Terminal New Technology and Supply Chain Exhibition

[Fees] Free

[Host] Shenzhen Creative Times Co., Ltd.

[Activity time] 09:00 on August 1, 2013 to 17:30 on August 3, 2013

[Registration Deadline] August 2013 03th 09:00

[Venue] Hall 3, Shenzhen Convention and Exhibition Center, Futian District, Shenzhen, Guangdong Province

[Support Media] Electronic Circle Electronic Exhibition Network


Thousands of design, manufacturing, purchasing and decision-making personnel from mobile terminal companies gather here every year, looking for more suppliers to help them innovate and control costs: from IC to motherboard, from display To ID, from power to experience, from design to manufacturing, from solution to surroundings...

Concurrently held:

The 6th Mobile Display Technology Conference

The 6th Mobile Phone Innovation Design Conference

Creative Freedom Talk: Wireless Charging Discussion

Creative Freedom Talk: Smart Wearable Devices

Creative Freedom Talk: Tablet PC Freedom Talk

Creative Freedom Talk: Supply Chain Management of "Quick" Mobile Phone Company

Creative Freedom Talk: Quality Management of Large-screen Smart Phones

Mobile Phones h2>

One day in April 1973, a man stood on the street in New York. He took out a wireless phone about two bricks and made a call. Passersby stopped and looked. This man is Martin Cooper, the inventor of the mobile phone. At that time, Cooper was an engineering technician for the famous Motorola Company in the United States. The world’s first mobile phone call was made to an opponent he worked at Bell Labs. After 29 years of working at Motorola, Martin Cooper founded his own communications technology research company in Silicon Valley. In 2013, he became the chairman and chief executive officer of this company. Martin Cooper’s idea at the time was to let the media know that wireless communications—especially small mobile phones—are very valuable. In addition, he also hopes to arouse the interest of the Federal Communications Commission of the United States and support the former in the competition between Motorola and AT&T (AT&T is also a major communications company in the United States). In fact, going back further, we will find that the concept of mobile phones appeared as early as the 1940s. At that time, it was Bell Labs, the largest communications company in the United States, that started trial production. In 1946, Bell Labs produced the first so-called mobile communication phone. However, due to its large size, researchers can only put it on the shelf in the laboratory, and people gradually forget about it. It was not until the late 1960s that AT&T and Motorola became interested in this technology. At that time, AT&T rented out a very large mobile wireless phone that customers could install on a large truck. AT&T's vision is to develop a mobile phone with a power of 10 watts in the future and use the radio equipment on the truck to communicate. Cooper believes that this type of phone is too heavy and too big to be moved for people to take with them. Therefore, Motorola filed an application with the Federal Communications Commission of the United States, requesting that the power of mobile communication equipment should only be one watt, and the maximum should not exceed three watts. In fact, the radio power of most mobile phones today is only 500 milliwatts. From the registration of a mobile phone patent in 1973, it was not until 1985 that the first truly mobile phone in the modern sense was born. It puts the power supply and antenna in a box, which weighs 3 kilograms, which is very heavy and inconvenient. The user has to carry it on his back like a backpack, so it is called a "shoulder phone".


In 1996, "Computer Magazine" in the United States mentioned that Compaq launched a laptop in November 1982, weighing 28 pounds (about 14 kilograms). It should be considered the earliest prototype of a laptop. However, IBM refused to accept this statement, insisting that a laptop named PC Convertible developed in 1985 was the true originator of notebook computers. The Americans quarreled endlessly, and the Japanese on the other side of the ocean were not happy anymore. Because they believe that the world’s first real notebook computer is Toshiba’s T1000. This product launched in 1985 uses Intel 8086 CPU, 512KB RAM, and has a 9-inch monochrome display without a hard disk. Can run MS-DOS operating system. In fact, the key to the dispute over "who made the first laptop" is that the Japanese and Americans have different understandings of the predecessor of the laptop. In the early 1980s, after IBM developed the personal PC, people dreamed of developing a PC product that could be carried around. In 1983, "National Electronics" magazine first proposed the concept of "laptop", which later evolved into a "laptop". At that time, companies including Apple, IBM, and Compaq launched this product. In the eyes of Americans, it is the development of "laptops" that urged the birth of laptops. In Japan during the same period, manufacturers such as Toshiba, Panasonic, and Sony were keen to develop a product called "mobile PC", which was based on the IBM PS/2 system and used an external power supply. Strictly speaking, the "mobile PC" developed by the Japanese at that time was closer to today's notebook computers. In particular, Japanese manufacturers emphasize portability in the process of developing "mobile PCs", which is in sharp contrast to the "laptops" designed by Americans that are too heavy to be carried to move. More importantly, it was after the launch of Toshiba T1000 that various new technologies and new products related to notebook computers appeared one after another, and the market began to develop comprehensively and rapidly. In 2001, the Journal of the American Computer Association wrote in a report commemorating the 20th anniversary of the birth of the PC, "In 1985, Toshiba launched the T1000, which brought people the concept of a'laptop' for the first time."

Tablet PC

The concept of tablet PC was put forward by Microsoft Corporation in 2002, but at that time the hardware technology level was not mature at that time, and the Windows XP operating system used was designed for traditional computers. The operation mode not suitable for tablet computers (Windows7 operating system is not suitable for tablet computers). In 2010, tablet computers suddenly became popular. The iPad was released by CEO Steve Jobs on January 27, 2010 at the Oberbojana Art Center in San Francisco, USA, allowing IT manufacturers to refocus their attention on the "tablet computer." The iPad redefines the concept and design of the tablet computer and has achieved great success, making the tablet computer a product that drives huge market demand. The concept of this tablet (Pad) is different from that of Microsoft (Tablet). The iPad makes people realize that it is not only the computer that installs Windows, Apple's IOS system can also do it. In 2011, Google launched the Android 3.0 Honey Comb operating system. Android is Google's software platform and operating system based on the Linux core. At present, Android has become one of iOS's strongest competitors.

In September 2011, with the release of Microsoft's Windows 8 system, the tablet camp expanded again. The applications developed and run by the Windows 8 operating system on computers and tablets are divided into two parts, one is Metro style The application of this is the current popular scene-based application, which is convenient for users to touch, and the operation interface is intuitive and simple. The second part is called the "desktop" application. Users can execute programs by clicking on the desktop icon, similar to traditional Windows applications. Metro application will become the mainstream of Windows 8.



Wired removable terminals: USB flash drives, mobile hard drives, etc., which require data cables to connect to the computer.


Wireless mobile terminal: refers to the module that uses wireless transmission protocol to provide wireless connection! The most common ones are mobile phones and PHSs. The term "terminal" is not easy to understand, and even feels a bit abstract, what terminal products, terminal consumption and so on.

It can be understood like this: If a consumer buys a certain product enough, then he is the consumer terminal of this product. You log in to a server with a computer, and the terminal is a personal computer. You use a certain service operator's network through a mobile phone, and the terminal is a mobile phone.


The mobile smart terminal is equipped with an imported laser scanning engine, a high-speed CPU processor, and a genuine WINCE5.0 operating system. It has super waterproof, drop-proof and pressure-resistant capabilities.

Main application areas:

1. Logistics express

It can be used in the collection of consignee’s waybill data, transfer/warehouse data collection, and can be used to scan express barcodes. In this way, the waybill information is directly transmitted to the back-end server through the 3G module, and functions such as querying related business information can be realized at the same time.

2. Logistics distribution

Typically, there are tobacco distribution, warehouse inventory, and postal distribution. What is worth developing is the terminal distribution of major daily necessities manufacturers, drug distribution, and large factories. In-plant logistics, logistics company warehouse to warehouse transportation.

3. Chain store/store/counter data collection

It is used for the data collection and transmission of store purchase, sale, storage, inventory, adjustment, withdrawal, subscription and member management, etc. It can also realize the inventory check of the store.

4. Shoes and apparel ordering fair   is used for wireless ordering fairs in the shoe and apparel industry. Based on WIFI wireless communication technology, on-site orders are made by scanning bar codes through Pinbang PDA handheld terminals, and the order data is wirelessly transmitted to the background for ordering. The meeting system can realize query, statistics and analysis functions at the same time.

5. Card management

Used to manage various IC cards and non-contact IC cards, such as identity cards, membership cards and so on. Card management, as the name implies, is to manage various contact/non-contact IC cards, so the main extended function of the scanner used is contact/non-contact IC card reading and writing.

6. Ticket management

It is used for data collection of ticket checking units such as theater tickets, train tickets, and scenic spots.

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