5.make还可接由名词、形容词、动词不定式、过去分词或介词短语充当补足语的复合宾语。当名词作宾语补足语时,通常含有“把某种优良品质或地位等赋予对方或自身”的意思,宾语补足语一般含褒义; 当形容词作宾语补足语时,形容词有时可以提至宾语之前; 当动词不定式作宾语补足语时,一般不带to,但在被动结构中to不可省去,在某些谚语中make后的动词不定式是可以带to的; 某些表示“感觉,认识”的动词如understand, know, feel等作宾语补足语时常用过去分词,宾语用反身代词; make后接的复合宾语中,常以it来代替较长的动词不定式短语或从句,即采用形式宾语结构,此时的意思是“使…成为…”“使得”“估计,认为,算出”等。
6.make偶尔还可用作系动词,意思是“达到某种状态”,表语多为certain, free, light, sure, little, much等形容词或as if从句。
【不规则形式】 made, made
~ sth (from/(out) of sth) | ~ sth into sth | ~ sth (for sb) | ~ sb sth
to create or prepare sth by combining materials or putting parts together
[VN] to make a table/dress/cake
做桌子 / 连衣裙 / 蛋糕
to make bread/cement/paper
制作面包；生产水泥 / 纸张
She makes her own clothes.
Wine is made from grapes.
The grapes are made into wine.
What's your shirt made of?
made in France (= on a label)
[VN , VNN] She made coffee for us all.
She made us all coffee.
note at do
to write, create or prepare sth
These regulations were made to protect children.
My lawyer has been urging me to make a will.
She has made (= directed or acted in) several movies.
床 a bed
to arrange a bed so that it is neat and ready for use
使显得 / 出现 / 成为 / 做 cause to appear/happen/become/do
to cause sth to appear as a result of breaking, tearing, hitting or removing material
The stone made a dent in the roof of the car.
The holes in the cloth were made by moths.
to cause sth to exist, happen or be done
to make a noise/mess/fuss
She tried to make a good impression on the interviewer.
I keep making the same mistakes .
to cause sb/sth to be or become sth
The news made him very happy.
She made her objections clear.
He made it clear that he objected.
The full story was never made public .
Can you make yourself understood in Russian?
She couldn't make herself heard above the noise of the traffic.
The terrorists made it known that tourists would be targeted.
[VN inf] 促使；使得
to cause sb/sth to do sth
She always makes me laugh.
This dress makes me look fat.
What makes you say that (= why do you think so) ?
Nothing will make me change my mind.
~ sth of sb/sth | ~ sth sth
to cause sb/sth to be or become sth
[VN] This isn't very important─I don't want to make an issue of it .
Don't make a habit of it .
You've made a terrible mess of this job.
It's important to try and make something of (= achieve sth in) your life.
We'll make a tennis player of you yet.
[VN-N] I made painting the house my project for the summer.
She made it her business to find out who was responsible.
决定、猜测、评论等 a decision/guess/comment, etc.
[VN] ~ a decision, guess, comment, etc.
to decide, guess, etc. sth
Come on! It's time we made a start.
【帮助说明】 Make can be used in this way with a number of different nouns. These expressions are included at the entry for each noun. make可以和许多名词这样搭配使用，表达方式列在各有关名词词条下。
to force sb to do sth
[VN inf] They made me repeat the whole story.
[VN to inf] She must be made to comply with the rules.
【帮助说明】 This pattern is only used in the passive. 此句型仅用于被动语态。
[VN] He never cleans his room and his mother never tries to make him.
to represent sb/sth as being or doing sth
[VN-ADJ] You've made my nose too big (= for example in a drawing) .
[VN-N] He makes King Lear a truly tragic figure.
to elect or choose sb as sth
She made him her assistant.
适合 be suitable
to become or develop into sth; to be suitable for sth
She would have made an excellent teacher.
This room would make a nice office.
to add up to or equal sth
5 and 7 make 12.
A hundred cents make one euro.
to be a total of sth
That makes the third time he's failed his driving test!
to earn or gain money
She makes $100 000 a year.
to make a profit/loss
We need to think of ways to make money .
He made a fortune on the stock market.
He makes a living as a stand-up comic.
[VN-N] [no passive] 估计；计算
to think or calculate sth to be sth
What time do you make it ?
I make that exactly $50.
[VN] [no passive] （尽力）赶往，到达，达到
to manage to reach or go to a place or position
Do you think we'll make Dover by 12?
I'm sorry I couldn't make your party last night.
He'll never make (= get a place in) the team.
The story made (= appeared on) the front pages of the national newspapers.
We just managed to make the deadline (= to finish sth in time) .
成功 sth successful
to cause sth to be a success
Good wine can make a meal.
The news really made my day .
Most idioms containing make are at the entries for the nouns and adjectives in the idioms, for example make merry is at merry . 大多数含 make 的习语，都可在该等习语中的名词及形容词相关词条找到，如 make merry 在词条 merry 下。
make as if to do sth
to make a movement that makes it seem as if you are just going to do sth
He made as if to speak.
make do (with sth)
to manage with sth that is not really good enough
We were in a hurry so we had to make do with a quick snack.
to become rich and successful
make sth good
to pay for, replace or repair sth that has been lost or damaged
She promised to make good the damage.
to do sth that you have promised, threatened, etc. to do
to be successful in your career
He never really made it as an actor.
to succeed in reaching a place in time, especially when this is difficult
The flight leaves in twenty minutes─we'll never make it.
to be able to be present at a place
I'm sorry I won't be able to make it (= for example, to a party) on Saturday.
to survive after a serious illness or accident; to deal successfully with a difficult experience
The doctors think he's going to make it.
I don't know how I made it through the week.
make it with sb
(NAmE, slang) （与某人）发生性关系
to have sex with sb
(NAmE, informal) （为给别人留下印象）假装，装出…样子
to pretend to be, know or have sth in order to impress people
He makes like he's the greatest actor of all time.
make the most of sth/sb/yourself
to gain as much advantage, enjoyment, etc. as you can from sb/sth
It's my first trip abroad so I'm going to make the most of it.
She doesn't know how to make the most of herself (= make herself appear in the best possible way) .
make much of sth/sb
to treat sth/sb as very important
He always makes much of his humble origins.
make or break sth
to be the thing that makes sb/sth either a success or a failure
This movie will make or break him as a director.
It's make-or-break time for the company.
make something of yourself
to be successful in your life
make for sth
to move towards sth
同义词： head for
to help to make sth possible
Constant arguing doesn't make for a happy marriage.
see also (be) made for sb/each other at made
make sb/sth into sb/sth
to change sb/sth into sb/sth
同义词： turn into
We're making our attic into an extra bedroom.
make sth of sb/sth
to understand the meaning or character of sb/sth
What do you make of it all?
I can't make anything of this note.
I don't know what to make of (= think of) the new manager.
to hurry away, especially in order to escape
make off with sth
to steal sth and hurry away with it
used to ask if sb managed well or was successful in a particular situation
How did he make out while his wife was away?
(NAmE, informal) ~ (with sb)
to kiss and touch sb in a sexual way; to have sex with sb
make sb out
to understand sb's character
to manage to see sb/sth or read or hear sth
I could just make out a figure in the darkness.
[+ wh-] I could hear voices but I couldn't make out what they were saying.
note at identify
to say that sth is true when it may not be
She's not as rich as people make out.
[+ that] He made out that he had been robbed.
[+ to inf] She makes herself out to be smarter than she really is.
to write out or complete a form or document
He made out a cheque for €100.
The doctor made out a prescription for me.
(used in negative sentences and questions 用于否定句和疑问句) 理解；明白（事理）
to understand sth; to see the reasons for sth
How do you make that out (= what are your reasons for thinking that) ?
[+ wh-] I can't make out what she wants.
make sth↔over (to sb/sth)
to legally give sth to sb
He made over the property to his eldest son.
to change sth in order to make it look different or use it for a different purpose; to give sb a different appearance by changing their clothes, hair, etc.
related noun makeover
make towards sth
to start moving towards sth
He made towards the door.
to put powder, lipstick , etc. on your/sb's face to make it more attractive or to prepare for an appearance in the theatre, on television, etc.
related noun make-up(1)
to form sth
Women make up 56% of the student numbers.
related noun make-up(3)
note at consist of
to put sth together from several different things
related noun make-up(3)
to invent a story, etc., especially in order to trick or entertain sb
He made up some excuse about his daughter being sick.
I told the kids a story, making it up as I went along.
You made that up!
to complete a number or an amount required
We need one more person to make up a team.
to replace sth that has been lost; to compensate for sth
Can I leave early this afternoon and make up the time tomorrow?
to prepare a medicine by mixing different things together
to prepare a bed for use; to create a temporary bed
We made up the bed in the spare room.
They made up a bed for me on the sofa.
make up for sth
to do sth that corrects a bad situation
Nothing can make up for the loss of a child.
After all the delays, we were anxious to make up for lost time .
Her enthusiasm makes up for her lack of experience.
make up (to sb) for sth
to do sth for sb or give them sth because you have caused them trouble, suffering or disappointment and wish to show that you are sorry
How can I make up for the way I've treated you?
(informal) I'll make it up to you , I promise.
make up to sb
(BrE, informal, disapproving) 献媚；奉承；讨好
to be pleasant to sb, praise them, etc. especially in order to get an advantage for yourself
make up (with sb)
BrE also make it up
to end a disagreement with sb and become friends again
Why don't you two kiss and make up ?
Has he made it up with her yet?
Have they made it up yet?
~ (of sth)
the name or type of a machine, piece of equipment, etc. that is made by a particular company
What make of car does he drive?
There are so many different makes to choose from.
a Swiss make of watch
on the make
(informal, disapproving) 谋取利益
trying to get money or an advantage for yourself
CARRYING OUT AN ACTION做动作
Make is used in a large number of expressions which are explained under other words in this dictionary. For example, the expression ‘to make sense’ is explained at ‘sense’.make 用于构成大量的短语，其释义列于本词典的其他词条下，如 to make sense 的释义见 sense。
1VERB (与大量名词连用，表示做动作、说某事等)做出，作出You can use make with a wide range of nouns to indicate that someone performs an action or says something. For example, if you make a suggestion, you suggest something.I'd just like to make a comment...我只想稍加评论。
2VERB (与某些名词连用)把…做(好)，把…搞(糟)You can use make with certain nouns to indicate that someone does something well or badly. For example, if you make a success of something, you do it successfully, and if you make a mess of something, you do it very badly.Apparently he made a mess of his audition...看样子他把试镜搞砸了。
3VERB 摆出…的姿态;做出…的样子If you make as if to do something or make to do something, you behave in a way that makes it seem that you are just about to do it.Mary made as if to protest, then hesitated...玛丽好像要抗议，却又犹豫了。
4VERB (在板球、棒球、橄榄球比赛中)得(分)In cricket, if a player makes a particular number of runs, they score that number of runs. In baseball or American football, if a player makes a particular score, they achieve that score.He made 1,972 runs for the county.他为本郡赢得了1,972分。
5PHRASE 将就使用；凑合着用If you make do with something, you use or have it instead of something else that you do not have, although it is not as good.Why make do with a copy if you can afford the genuine article?...要是买得起真品，为什么还要拿复制品来凑合呢？
6PHRASE 装作;假装;模仿If you make like you are doing something, you act as if you are doing it, and if you make like someone, you act as if you are that person.Bob makes like he's a fish blowing bubbles.鲍勃装成一条吐泡泡的鱼。
CAUSING OR CHANGING致使;改变
1VERB 使;致使If something makes you do something, it causes you to do it.Grit from the highway made him cough...公路上扬起的沙子呛得他咳嗽起来。
2VERB 迫使;强迫If you make someone do something, you force them to do it.Mama made him clean up the plate...妈妈要他把盘子洗干净。
3VERB 使成为(某种人或物);使具有(某种特性)You use make to talk about causing someone or something to be a particular thing or to have a particular quality. For example, to make someone a star means to cause them to become a star, and to make someone angry means to cause them to become angry....James Bond, the role that made him a star...詹姆斯·邦德——这个使他一举成名的角色
4VERB 使显得;使看上去If you say that one thing or person makes another seem, for example, small, stupid, or good, you mean that they cause them to seem small, stupid, or good in comparison, even though they are not.They live in fantasy worlds which make Euro Disney seem uninventive...他们生活在幻想的世界里，相形之下连欧洲迪士尼乐园都显得毫无创意。
5VERB 使自己(被理解、听见、知晓等)If you make yourself understood, heard, or known, you succeed in getting people to understand you, hear you, or know that you are there.Aron couldn't speak Polish. I made myself understood with difficulty...阿伦不会说波兰语，我为了让他明白我的话很是费了一番力气。
6VERB 委任;任命If you make someone something, you appoint them to a particular job, role, or position.Mr Blair made him transport minister...布莱尔先生任命他为交通部长。
7VERB 把…变成;使…成为If you make something into something else, you change it in some way so that it becomes that other thing.We made it into a beautiful home...我们把这里变成了美丽的家园。
8VERB 使(总数)升为;使(分数)达到To make a total or score a particular amount means to increase it to that amount.This makes the total cost of the bulb and energy £27...这使灯泡与电费合计为27英镑。
9VERB 交(朋友);树(敌);结(仇)When someone makes a friend or an enemy, someone becomes their friend or their enemy, often because of a particular thing they have done.Lorenzo was a natural leader who made friends easily...洛伦佐是天生的领袖，善于交友。
10PHRASE 成功;胜利If someone makes something of themselves or makes something of their life, they become successful.My father lived long enough to see that I'd made something of myself...父亲在有生之年见证了我出人头地的那一天。
11to make friends →see: friend
CREATING OR PRODUCING生产;制造
1VERB 制造;建造;创造To make something means to produce, construct, or create it.She made her own bread...她自己做面包。
2VERB 拍摄(电影);制作(电视节目)If someone makes a film or television programme, they are involved in creating or producing it.We are making a film about wildlife.我们正在拍摄一部关于野生动物的影片。
3VERB 做(饭);准备(饮料)If you make a meal or a drink, you prepare it.You wash while I make some lunch...你洗一下，我去做午饭。
4VERB 写(便条);记(笔记);列(名单)If you make a note or list, you write something down in that form.Mr Perry made a note in his book...佩里先生在他的书上作了一个注解。
5VERB 制定，规定（规则、法律等）If you make rules or laws, you decide what these should be.The police don't make the laws, they merely enforce them...警察并不制定法律，只是负责执行。
6VERB 挣(钱);赚(钱)If you make money, you get it by working for it, by selling something, or by winning it.I think every business's goal is to make money...我认为各家公司的目的都是赚钱。
7VERB (某事物)使(其他事物)变得成功If something makes something else, it is responsible for the success of that thing.What really makes the book are the beautiful designs.真正让这本书大获成功的是它精美的设计。
8N-COUNT (汽车、收音机等的)品牌The make of something such as a car or radio is the name of the company that made it. →see usage note at: brandThe only car parked outside is a black Saab — a different make.停在外面的只有一辆黑色的萨博——不是一个牌子的车。
9PHRASE （可能以非法或不道德手段）拼命追求金钱(或权力）If you say that someone is on the make, you disapprove of them because they are trying to get a lot of money or power, possibly by illegal or immoral methods.
LINK VERB USES连系动词用法
1V-LINK 有资格成为；足以成为You can use make to say that someone or something has the right qualities for a particular task or role. For example, if you say that someone will make a good politician, you mean that they have the right qualities to be a good politician.She'll make a good actress, if she gets the right training...如果训练得当，她会成为一名出色的演员。
2V-LINK 组成;形成;排列成If people make a particular pattern such as a line or a circle, they arrange themselves in this way.A group of people made a circle around the Pentagon.一群人在五角大楼四周围成一圈。
3V-LINK 等于;成为You can use make to say what two numbers add up to.Four twos make eight...4乘以2等于8。
ACHIEVING OR REACHING达到;到达
1VERB 成为…的一员;加入;谋得（高级职务）If someone makes a particular team or makes a particular high position, they do so well that they are put in that team or get that position.The athletes are just happy to make the British team...运动员们很乐意加入英国国家队。
2VERB 赶到;(及时)到达If you make a place in or by a particular time, you get there in or by that time, often with some difficulty.They were trying to make New Orleans by nightfall.他们力图在黄昏前赶到新奥尔良。
3PHRASE (及时)到达（尤指来得及做某事）If you make it somewhere, you succeed in getting there, especially in time to do something.So you did make it to America, after all.那么，你终究还是成功地来到了美国。
4PHRASE （经历艰难困苦后）成功If you make it, you are successful in achieving something difficult, or in surviving through a very difficult period.I believe I have the talent to make it...我相信自己有成功的天分。
5PHRASE 及时赶上参加If you cannot make it, you are unable to attend an event that you have been invited to.'I can't make it,' she said. 'That's Mother's Day.'...“我无法赴约了，”她说，“那天是母亲节。”
STATING AN AMOUNT OR TIME报出数字;显示时间
1VERB 算，猜(数字)You use make it when saying what you calculate or guess an amount to be.All I want to know is how many T-shirts Jim Martin has got. I make it three...我就想知道吉姆·马丁一共有多少件T恤衫。我猜他有3件。
2VERB (根据自己的表)时间为…You use make it when saying what time your watch says it is.I make it nearly 9.30...我的手表显示快9点半了。
相关词组: make for make of make off make off with make out make over make up make up for make up to
make up 弥补 ; 构成 ; 编造 ; 组成
make sense 讲得通 ; 有意义 ; 有道理 ; 言之有理
make for 走向 ; 有助于 ; 促进 ; 导致
make friends 交朋友 ; 友好相处 ; 交友诀窍 ; 交个朋友吧
make mistakes 犯错误 ; 学会犯错 ; 出错
make headway 取得进展 ; 有进展 ; 前进 ; 取得盼望
make good 成功 ; 弥补 ; 履行诺言 ; 补偿
make it 成功 ; 达到 ; 赶上 ; 在面试
make clear 澄清 ; 弄清楚 ; 表明 ; 说明
For you make me who I am.
I make no excuse to anyone for this.
You and I make us.