Liao Negrich



Chinese businessmen have visited the local area at least from the 13th century, and Yuan Zi's history called local Dragon toothmen (now Singapore island or Lin Jia Island).

According to Chinese literature in the 14th century, the Liaoland Islands and Singapore Island were controlled by piracy. When the Chinese ship passed, he was siegeted by hundreds of pirate boats, forced to be on the local port, and refused will be attacked. There are many Chinese porcelain in Mindan Island that have been found in the early days of China's Song Dynasty.

Arab traveler Iben chart has come to the local area, he said: Here is a small island group, often there is an island ship, the pirate skin is dark, the weapon is a balanced arrow, they grab the property of the vessel But don't snatch the population. The navigation record of Chinese vessels in the 12th century also confirmed this. Until for hundreds of years, many people still call people to "pirate island".

During the Kingdom of Sudan

The Malacca Dynasty During the Sudanese Mansur Shah rule (1459-1466), occupied the Liao Needle. In 1511, Portuguese occupied Ma Liujia (Malacca Bedie), the Malacca Dynasty Sudan fled to Johor, Johor Kingdom, Johor Kingdom is the successor of the Malacca Sultan. In 1526, the Battle of Battan broke out, Johor kingdom lost important in Pin Tham (People "). During the Johor Kingdom, the Liao Needress and Linga Islands became the center of Malay's political, economic, religious and cultural.

In 1821, the Kingdom of Johor is divided by the throne inheritance. In 1824, according to the "Bo-Dark Agreement", it was officially divided into two kings: Northern Singapore's Strait, the Kingdom of Johor, including Singapore Island, Johor Kingdom in the Territory of Malay Peninsula; Liao, South, Singapore, Lin In the Type of the two islands, the Kingdom of Johor is in the territory of Sumatra, saying the country. The former is controlled by the UK, the latter is affiliated to the Netherlands.

Netherlands Period

1911, the Dutch Waste Sudan ABDUL RAHMAN II, Liao, Linga Sultan, Diwu, Sultan Singapore, 1930 Drops in Singapore.

1913, Jianliao, Netherlands, including Riau and Dependencies, including Sumatra, Liao, Pyre, Liao, Islands, Linjia Islands. The Aunabas Islands, the Nata Islands are not included in the administrative area.

When World War II, Japan occupies local. After Japan surrendered, the Netherlands re-controls the local area.

At this time, a group of restoration organizations that were collectively referred to as "Liao Nesse Sudan sports" in Singapore, the goal is to restore the country of Liao, Lin Jia, Sudan, similar The exercise has appeared when the Sudan has just been abducted, but it has attracted attention after World War II. After Indonesia is independent, Liao, Linga is still controlled by the Netherlands, and the restoration organization hopes to restore the Netherlands support to the country of Sudan, to the new Indonesian Republic, think that Indonesia cannot guarantee the interests of Liao Malays. The restoration has conflicted with the organization of Singapore and the pro-researcher.

Liao Negrich

On 4 August 1947, the Netherlands established a Liao Parliament, which is considered to the Netherlands to support the steps of Riau Malays to restore the Sudanese State. The Netherlands's goal is that the Liao Parliament is carried out locally, and the parliament is closely contacted with the Netherlands. The future Sudan is in the position of the Parliament. The selected parliament includes the representative of the restoration organization, and the representative of the pro, Chinese representative (BB), Malay representative, Dutch colonial officials.

January 23, 1948, the Netherlands will be the Liao Parliament, Bangjia Parliament, and the Do Not Cave Parliament, Establishing Bangjia - Do Not Cave and the Liao Federal Federation.

Indonesian period

April 4, 1950, the Dutch will cancel the establishment of Bangjia - Do not cave and Liao, the Netherlands give up on local control, the Indonesian government takes over local. The restoration of the sports leaders flee into the Malay Peninsula Johor.


is located between Sumatra, Malay Peninsula, Borneo, the Liao, Islands, etc., by Bad Island, Tin Dan Island and hundreds of main islands and hundreds. Small isos, occupying the vast majority of the province's population, the capital of Tanjung Betel nut and the largest city is located here. Linjia is located in the south of the Liao, also called the Dragon tooth Islands, the largest island is Lin Jia Island. Lin Jia Island is dominated by mountains, with a maximum point of 1163 meters, and it is also the highest point in the province. The Abu Bas Islands is located in the eastern part of Liao Forest, which is in the northwestern part of China. The Nata Islands is located in the northeastern part of the province, which is a South China Islands. The main islands include Natuna Besar, South Natuna Archipelago, TambelanarchipeLago and Bada. Badas Islands.

Population National

Population 2,241,570 (2019), most of the population is in Batama, Singapore, island. The most populous area is the Banta, Population 1,283,196 (2017). The area in which the population is the area of ​​Abas Islands, Population 76,192 (2017). According to the 2009 statistics, Malays account for 35.60% of the province's population, and the Javanese 18.20%, Chinese 14.3%, 9.3% of Mi Nan, 8.1%, Bagui 2.2, Bancha 0.7 %.

Malays are the largest nation in the local area, accounting for 35.60% of the total population population. Many Malays in the province come from Orang Laut. Oranuit is active in the sea nomad of the Malacca Strait, there are multiple subgroups, they traditionally, with the ship as home, nomadic nomadities. Oranu Tener has given up the ocean nomadic life, settled in the island between the branches of the Malacca Strait, most of which have been assimilated as Malay.

There are also immigrants from other regions of Indonesia, mainly Javanese, accounting for 18.2% of the local population.

Chinese are the third largest nation in the local area, accounting for 14.3% of the population. In the province, most Chinese ancestors, Fujian, also have many people's ancestors, and Guangfu.

Other Minnan jokes from West Sumatra, the Bacak, from Northern Sumatra, from South Suliwise, from the Banhalistan of South Garriman.


Indonesian in the main city Danjong's betel nut, Bad City is the first language, and in the province is the second language; Chinese people in Minnan dialect (or other Chinese dialects) For the first language, Liao Malay is the second language, Indonesian is the third language.

Modern Malay and Indonesian are based on Liao Malay (also known as Johor-Liao, Malay). Indonesian is the local official language, and there are also some Malay dialects in the local area. Most of them can interwork with Indonesia. Liao Malays is a common language in the province. It is the mother tongue of the Malay of the Islands, Lin Jia, Malaysia, and the like. However, compared to Malaysia, Liao Malay in Indonesia is overcast by Indonesian.

The Malay dialect in the Aunas Islands, the Nata Islands, and the Indonesian dialect, Liao, Malay cannot interconnect. Auna Basmala, relatively close to the Pontian Malay of Sikari Mann, as well as Bangjia - Do Not Caves Banga Malay, especially vocabulary and sound rhyme; Nata Malay is subject to Dengji The influence of Malay and Pahang Malay, because most of the local Malay born in the East coast of Malay Peninsula. Historically, the Malay of the Abas Islands and Nata Islands said the Malay of the Truna, but the number of people has dropped sharply. Most users are older people.

Oranu Teng also said a unique Malay dialect. Traditionally, Malay writes in claws. However, the Latin alphabet was replaced in the Dutch colonial period. Today, Javanese is mainly used for religion and festival activities. Road standards, government buildings also use claws, often using Latin letters simultaneously.

from Indonesia's immigration and descendants, also said the language of their respective nations.

Most local Chinese speak Chinese Minnan dialect because most of the Chinese ancestral home is Fujian. Minnan dialect in the province of Liao, in the southern part of Liao, the southern part of the Malay Peninsula, is close to the South Malaysian Minnan dialect, from Quanzhou dialect. It is different from the Minnan dialect in Pahang region and the different soutan dialects in the cotton region, and the two sources of Chaozhou dialect. Local Chinese also uses Chaozhou dialect, Hainan dialect, Hakka, and Cantonese. Minnan dialect is a common language for local Chinese. All local Chinese dialects are affected by Malay, Indonesian, especially in vocabulary.


The province of the province of the province, the province of the production of rubber, Peppermia, pepper, rice and other tropical crops, the fishery development prospects are broad. The mineral resources are abundant, with aluminum mining and refining ranking first in the country. The Bayemine has a free trade and industrial park, which uses its geographical location to investigate and become a highlight of the development of the Sumatra. As a free trade zone, since 1970, the local industrialization has been rapid.

In 2012, the per capita domestic production of $ 8,300.82, ranked fourth in the provinces of Indonesia. The tourist area of ​​the Islands is also the most tourist area of ​​Indonesia to receive foreign tourists, second only to Bali.

Liao Island Province is the first free trade zone Indonesia, has a superior geographical location and a good investment environment. As an important shipbuilding base, the shipwreck plant accounts for more than 50% of Indonesia.


Anambas islands is within the province of Liao, more than 600 square kilometers, the largest islands are Sian, Bama, Bama Palmatak and Jemaja. The capital of the Aunabas Islands is called Tower Cash (Tarempa), located in the easi island in Xi'an. The island has been praised as the Best Tropical Island of Asia by CNN. All Aneamas islands have a white sand beach, which is more beautiful in the shining blue lagoon.

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