Pennsylvania state capital of the southern city, the east coast of the Susquehanna River. Population of 49,528 people (2010), which is located in the hub of the US east and west coasts of Central Pennsylvania, is an important gateway to the East Coast from the Midwest, is a north to south, east and west across the major trade port, is the United States coal, oil, iron and steel production and sales of an important base for survival, is the history of France, Britain and the United States colonists were fighting for independence and the American civil War battleground. The early eighteenth century immigrants, in 1812 became the state capital. Since ancient times, is the traffic center. Railway hub and an international airport. The goods wholesale and retail center.

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Location: latitude 40 ° 16 ', longitude 76 ° 52'

View: Dauphin County, Pennsylvania (Dauphin County, Pennsylvania) < / p>

Created by: John Harris

type of government: Mayor Committee (Mayor-Council)

The current mayor: Linda Thompson Sun (Linda D. Thompson)


population: 49,528 (2010 census)

total area: 27 square kilometers

water area: 8.6 square kilometers

< p> average elevation: 98 m

population density: 1800 persons / sq km

time zone: West Fifth District

industries: iron and steel, metal processing, machinery manufacturing , clothing, footwear, food processing

Airport: Harrisburg international Airport (Harrisburg international Airport), Capital City Airport (Capital City Airport)

railway station: Harrisburg station < / p>

The main rivers: the Susquehanna River (Susquehanna River)

The main Art Center: Whitaker Center for Science Arts Center (Whitaker Center for Science and the Arts), the capital of the State building (State Capitol Complex)

The main institutions: Harrisburg Campus, University Harrisburg, Harrisburg community College, Harrisburg Academy, Rabbi David Silverstein leaves history at Pennsylvania State University 3000 watt Institute


BC, the indigenous people of North America on the east bank of the Susquehanna River, established settlements. Locals called this piece of the region Parker Stang (Paxtang). Since ancient transport depends mainly on the Delaware River and the Ohio River waterway, and here again near the Potomac River and the Susquehanna River, so this area was an ancient merchant trading channel and resting place. In 1608, the British Captain John Smith from Virginia northward along the river, for the first time established a link indigenous peoples and Europeans. In 1719, Englishman John Harris established a stronghold here. 14 years later, this developed into a stronghold beginning to take shape covering more than three square kilometers of the town. This is the origin of Harrisburg. The establishment of the United States in 1776, owned by Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. October 1812, Pennsylvania became the capital of Harrisburg. Before the industrial revolution, agriculture has been the Harrisburg idyllic small town, farm support the city's economy. In 1834, in order to facilitate trade, Pennsylvania canal construction, the city was Susquehanna River and canals in the middle, forming a long strip. During the Civil War, Harrisburg is an important stronghold in northern coalition. Since arriving here must pass through the central plains from the Atlantic coast, strategic position is so important here, fierce fighting broke out. Spalding battle site located on the outskirts of the mountain, is the northernmost of the Civil War battlefield. After the war, the arrival of the industrial age, the entire southern Pennsylvania have entered the era of iron and steel. From Philadelphia to Pittsburgh railroad build, making Harrisburg's position as an important intermediate station, Harrisburg entered the most prosperous period. Beginning in 1880, suburban Harrisburg began to develop into a residential area of ​​the workers. Due to convenient transportation, suburb expand rapidly. 20th century, with the end of the industrial era, the arrival of the post-industrial era, Harrisburg's population began to decline. After World War II, the population was once picked up, but soon dropped. Harrisburg's downtown gradually replaced by Philadelphia and Pittsburgh, into a small unknown city. In order to save the city, it launched a movement to beautify the city, to attract residents through a variety of urban planning. Meanwhile a variety of cultural activities have started in Harrisburg. In 1972, however, the hurricane caused flooding severe blow to Harrisburg, Harrisburg ultimately failed to rise again as the center of the city.

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