Gu Beikou Great Wall

Peripheral Great Wall

1 Crouching Tiger Mountain Great Wall. Located in Hexi Village, Guibeikou Town, Miyun District, with an altitude of 665.2 meters. Built in Ming Hongwu eight years. The city wall is 13.6 kilometers long and more than 20 enemy buildings. 2 Longshan Great Wall. Located between Sima Tato Great Wall and Walking Tihu Mountain Great Wall. Full length is 5,000 meters, 19 enemy buildings. The general building and the twenty-four eye building are the essence of the building. The general building is located at the high point of the Longshan, which is the place where the commander is located. The building is square, 10.1 meters wide, and there are 4 arrow windows in the north and south. There are 3 arrows and windows in the north, and there are 1 door in the east, south, west, and north; The twenty-four eye buildings are square, double-layer. A total of 24 holes are named each with 3 arrows and windows per layer. But the twenty-four eye buildings have been blown up by Japan, and the incident is incomplete.

The total area of ​​the whole town is 84.71 square kilometers. There are 10,000 tag shelf peaks in the territory, and the tiger mountains are 1124.6, 665 meters. The geomorphology is the Yanshan Yama Yam Hilly Hill. The Chaohe is entry from the north to the north, winding the mountain, running through the whole situation, and has some rivers in the river. East has Xiahaihe from the middle of the northeast of Tanghe Village, in the middle of the town of Town, in the south of Beiwu Zicun into the river. The political district includes 9 administrative villages, 40 natural villages, living in Han, full, back three ethnic groups, 2796 households, 8286 people, and labor of 4,676, including more than 90% of the Han nationality. The town has a total of 578 hectares of cultivated land. The forest area is 3,848 hectares, the water area is 11 hectares, and the forest coverage is 45%, and one of the Sima Thai Reservoir.

Geographic terrain

is located in Guibeikou Town, Northeast Miyun District, approximately 120 km from Beijing, 84.1 square kilometers. The shallow mountain hilly area in the south of the Yanshan Mountains, Dragon, and Walking Tiger. The river flows into the Miyun Reservoir from the North Valley Gorge. Guibeikou is dangerous, in the middle of the mountain customs and Ju Yongguan, the mountain steep road insurance, self-destructive lock key. In the Beijing Yanshan screen, the peaks are laminated, and the tide of the river is open, so there is Beijing Northeast Portal.

East Neighborhood New Town Township, Nanyuan Taishun Town, Xilai Gaoling Town, North Section Great Wall and Hebei Yuping County. East is 117 ° 17'30 "- 117 ° 03'58", north latitude 40 ° 36'38 "- 40 ° 42'23". 55 km from Miyun County City. The Jingtong Railway is in the northwest of the town, and ancient Beikou Station is located. 101 National Road (Jingcheng Highway) has taken along the whole world.

Gu Beikou is one of the important governments of the Great Wall. When Ming Dynasty, Hongwu Xijun, the Jianjiekou Guanjing across the mountains, the construction of the city is above the top of the mountain, and the mountain is lifted, and the meandering, the meandering is shown as an irregular polygon, and is called a bird nest. The Ming Dynasty poet Tang Shizhi wrote poetry "Zhucheng is in the mountains, this city is the Bird's Nest." At this time, it is a big mashier, the sky is high, the sky is a bow. "

Guibeikou City, East Longshan, west is a bed less tiger mountain, the mountain is steep, the cliff is steep, the two mountains are tide, and there is only one road passed by the river. The Jin Dynasty was built here, so it was called "Tiemenuan", the Great Wall of Guibeikou, winding, ups and downs, and enemy buildings have different forms. The Great Wall, which is known in the Great Wall, the Great Wall, which is the Great Wall, which is the Great Wall.

Building features

Guibeikou Ming Changcheng

is the first military defense in northern Guibeikou, is a Mingwan Global The most robust to the most, and the only one of the most essential parts of the Ming Long City today.

From the west to the east, it is the Great Wall, Huang Yugou Great Wall, Wanhu Mountain Great Wall, Wanlongshan Great Wall, Wanlong Mountain Great Wall, Great Wall, Great Wall, Great Wall, Great Wall Great Wall, Jinshanling Great Wall, and Sima Tower.

The Great Wall line of more than 40 kilometers, there is a 172 enemy building beacon, 14 of the smoky, established 16 joints; 3 watergate Great Wall; 6 Guancheng; and three城; there are also many bathrooms, all-in-center distributions in the periphery. The Great Wall of the Great Wall, the Great Wall, the Great Wall, the Great Wall, the Great Wall, the Great Wall; the longest span of the Great Wall.

Guibeikou North Qi Great Wall

is located in the south of the Minggang, from the West 8th Building to East Simassatou Great Wall, the whole length of 20 km, the second Road military defense. The eleventh year of Ming Dynasty (1368) Zhu Yuanzhang sent China University, Xu Da, Heavyly, the Guancheng, the Guancheng, the Guancheng, the East, South, North, North, North, Based on the Basic Great Wall, enhancing the Defense Ability of the Great Wall . When the Ming Dynasty repaired the Great Wall in Guibei, he retained the Great Wall in Guibei and retained the Great Wall Brick outside the wall. He formed a famous double Great Wall in Guibeikou. It still retains the famous big flower building beacon. There are seven famous governments that play an important protection and protection in history.

Historical League

Starting from the west Week, it is delayed to the Spring and Autumn Warring States to fight in Guibeikou. Han Wu Emperor Liu Turns, for the invasion of the Xiongnu, the Nuba, and the defending army began to build a city soldiers in Guibei, so that Gu Bei has become a necessary battle for the Han and Huns.

The unclear war has taken the first step to capture the Gu Beijia, which makes it a bridgehead of the Central Plains. However, the Great Wall of the Great Wall in the early days, the Great Wall of the Warring States and Qin and Han Dynasties is far from the north of Guibei.

Gu Beikou Great Wall

Northern Dynasties, in order to defend against the northern nomads and adjacent regions, each facilitates the construction of the Great Wall. According to the "North History · Qi Ben", Beiqi Tianbao seven years (556), "Since the West River General Qin (in the northwest of Shanxi Datong North), the east to the sea (Zhaofa Bohai), before and after More than 3,000 yuan. Beiti this time, the Great Wall built by the Turkic, Qi and the Qidan has passed the Great Wall for the first time in Guibei. However, the Northern Great Wall is relatively low, and it is the ruins of the ruins.

North Qi Great Wall has been used by Sui Tang Xiu. The Gu Beikou has been named since the Tang Dynasty, and it is known as the "North" of the North Important Great Wall of Tang Guzhou (now Beijing). The Tang has a guardian of the North Exit, and the soldiers are stationed. The guard is the military region where the Tang Dynasty is guarded in the frontier, and there is a military, and there is a city, the town, and it is. At that time, Yuzhou Great Wall is a Qi people, so the Gu Beikou is also known as "奚 关". The northern exit of the Tang Dynasty, the five generations have been known as the Guibeikou or Tiger North Exit.

The earliest thing to record in the birth of Gu Bei is the five generations of Liang Decoration for three years (913). When Jin Wang Li Cunyi took the leader, the generals Liu Guangrui led all the way to attack ancient north mouth. After the first year of Liang Deline (921) October, the Khitan main Arms Army arrived in the North Exit of Shen Tanzhou (Taoism Miyun), Shunzhou (Shunyi), and other in December.

Jin Dynasty and five years, Zhang Zong also hosted Dongyi Second City, Jin Shiyou (1214) has set the iron gate.

Gu Beikou has become a hometown, starting from the Ming Dynasty. After overthrowing the rulers of the Ming Dynasty, Zhu Yuanzhang sent Xu Da, etc., the city of Ju Yongguan, the ancient north, Xi Pengkou, etc., Ming Hongwu 11 years (1378), Taizu, Xu Dajian ancient North Guancheng And on the basis of North Qi Great Wall to enhance defense capabilities. Decorative Guancheng, the size of the guankou and the beacon, etc., and the rendering of the door is 2, and one is located at the Great Wall Great Wall. "Tie Gate" is called only one car pass; one is set in the tide On the river, it is called "Water Gate" and the researcher. The northwest of Juyongguan, the northeast of the northeast has become two important portals in the capital of the Ming Dynasty.

Ming Hong Decade (1427) The prince of Tartar led the soldiers to invaded the ancient north, because the Ming army was guarded, so that the invaders did not return.

Ming Jiajing twenty-nine years (1550), Mongolians also raised nearly 10,000 people to attack the north mouth, and it was also a defeated.

Longqing three years (1569) Zhang Junzheng is in order to strengthen the defense, especially the famous anti-praise will come to the north. Tan Qun, was the Governor of Zhang, Yan Jiguang, member of the Town of Town. The Great Wall of 1,200 miles under the jurisdiction of the Town, the essence of Jing Jiguang, personally supervised, and there was a rugged line of the city wall between the 20 years. When Qi Jiguang repaired the Great Wall of Guibeikou, he not only retained Northern Great Wall, but also added a Great Wall City Brick outside the Great Wall wall.

about 5 meters of the Guibeikou defending war monument is built in Dongshan, Gu Beikou, and the inscriptions of the inscriptions of the commanders of the Junchuzi commander Zhao Hulu question: "He Yong is always"; There are more than 100 names, age, grouped and troops named realization of the martyrs who achieve peace. At the same time, build a tombstone on the left side of the East Hill, 12 big words are engraved: "The Tomb of the Guibeikou defenders".

Guibeikou Landscape

General Building is a second floor, 10 meters high, 10.10 meters wide, there are three arrow windows in all things, and there are four arrow windows in the north and south. There is a direction in the direction. This building has been strongly fired by the anti-Japanese war, and now it is still very strong. The top of the top is completely destroyed by the original artillery, except that the middle collapsed diameter is about one meter round hole, and the rounds of the roof have been exposed. The famous Great Wall Anti-Japanese War is the most intense to compete for the generals.

The twenty-four eye building is also the end of the Great Wall section of Guibeikou. Twenty-four eye buildings are a strange enemy building of architectures. Its northwest has collapsed, only the walls of the east and southwest are still standing there. Because there is a total of 24 arrowows in all sides. This building is tall, and the east is connected to Jinshanling. It is important because of its strategic status. It is very unique.

Main attractions

Gu Beikou Great Wall (19 photos)

Gu Beiji is located in Northeast, Miyun District, Beijing, 100 km from Beijing, Military people must fight. From ancient times to the mainland, there is a "Jingshi Lock" in the mainland to Songliao Plain and Inner Mongolia. It is an important gate in the Great Wall, and one of the throat stresses in the Great Wall. Since ancient times, Gu Beikou has been known as the wall of the Longshan, the Tihu Mountain, and the Town, the Tang River wears the town, and the Town Tang River will be known as "the sky". "" "More than 40 There are 143 enemy platforms in the Great Wall of the Great Wall of the Great Wall, 14 beacon, 16, 3 Water Great Wall, 6 Guancheng, 3 of them, the famous Great Great Wall, the big flower building, the ancient North mouth Great Wall's high point of Wangjinglou, sister building Great Wall, fairy building, general building, water building water resection, etc. There are also three eye wells, Yu Fengjing, Sima Taichi, Yang Linggong Temple, Pharma Temple, etc. near the Great Wall of Guibeikou.

Festival activities

The annual lunar calendar September 14 will also hold a lively and grand medicine King Temple Association.

Practical information

All-day open

ticket 45 yuan

suitable for crowd: All people

Tour difficulty : Micro-difficult

Suitable number: 2 days

cost budget: 150 yuan

suitable time: all year

traffic information

arrival method: Take the car in Dongping or Xizhimen, take the car, Chengde, under the Guibeikou; or take the car to Miyun District directly to the East Straight Gate, under the Miyun Bus Station, and replace it into Guibeikou bus. In addition, you can also take the L677 / 8 tourist train, starting from Beijing at 07:36, at 11:03 in noon. Self-driving can start from Beijing, out of the four yuan bridge, along Beijing to go to the weeping trees, walking in the clouds, over the island of Nirew, straight along the 101 National Highway, Tongyun District, Taishi Tun, you can reach Gu Beikou Town.

Economic Development

In 1999, the gross domestic product was 33.71 million yuan, the total output value of the industrial and agricultural output was 34.161 million yuan, and the rural per capita labor income was 2870 yuan. The area of ​​grain seeds is 7705 mu, with a total output of 2092 tons, main crops for wheat, corn and miscellaneous grains. The total area of ​​fruit trees is 4,593 mu, the tree species is based on apples, chestnut. 549 big livestock storage, specialty has a bee and mountain wild vegetables, 7.5 tons of honey, 5 tons of mountain wild vegetables.

Guibeikou Town is dominated by clothing, textile, rubber, light industry, etc., with a stable economy, strengthening industry, and vigorously developing a third industry as the industry. Vigorously develop tourism, and have opened the Great Wall of Sima Tato, so that the public temples and other towns are naturally and humanistic scenic spots, so that the people in the ancient town of Zhai Guzhen have now put a new posture.

Related Articles