1953, a master's degree in economics at the University of Chicago,
1955, a Ph.D. in Economics, Chordago University,
In 1960, he became a professor of Columbia University at the age of 30,
1970, starting at the University of Chicago,
1967, the famous John, a US Economic Association awarded · Bates Clark Award,
In 1974, the Vice President of the US Economic Association,
1992, won the Nobel Economics Award.
2014, Professor Gary Becker Xie Shi, May 4, China, at the age of 83.
Becker expands economic theory to the study of human behavior, giving great achievements and won the Nobel Economics Award. He is one of the most original thinking of modern Western economics, and he often associates ordinary observative unrelated phenomena to develop a new vision of economic analysis. Becker has opened up a research area for sociologists, anthropologists, and psychologists. Everything done in the territory of the economics is not that other economists are unable to develop in the new academic field. By. The case is the case, Shatkerton called Becker as "Economist as an Empire," Becker is good at applying economic theory to the study of human behavior, using economic theory to In the past, there is no connection with market forces, such as sociology, political science, population statistics, criminal learning and biology. When he studied human behavior, he always tried to reveal its economic motivation with economics. When analyzing various factors affecting human behavior, it always puts economic factors in an important position. In the use of economic theory to analyze human behavior, Becker is a successful pioneer.
Becker and 1991 Nobel's Economics Award winner Cos is a professor at the University of Chicago, but Cos's research results are mainly papers, and Becker is more Produced economists and sociologists. He written a lot, mainly: "Discrimination Economics" (1957 Edition, Re-edition in 1971), "Economic Analysis of Fertility Rate" (published in 1960), "Human Capital" (1964 Edition, 1975 Revie) "Economic analysis of human behavior" (published in 1976), "Family" published in 1981). Among these discussions, "Economic Analysis of Fertility Rate" is the foundation of contemporary Western population economics; "Human Capital" is the classic of Western human capital theory, is the "economic thinking of economic thinking" in the 60-year economics. "The starting point;" The family "was published in Harvard University Press in 1981 by the society called the Active work of Becker's family issues, which is a representative of micro-population economics. Therefore, these three works are called "classic" disciating by Western economists, they have a profound impact. In addition, Western economic scholars call Becker's time economics and new consumption as "Becker Revolution". Becker also defined the charity from the perspective of the economic perspective in its famous "Economic Analysis of Human Behavior": If the time and product transferred to people and organizations with non-interest relationships, then this behavior is called " Charity "or" fraternity ".
As early as 1970s, Becker is among the most famous economists in modern America. Becker is an important member of the American new liberal economist. It is an important member of the Chicago School. His academic thinking and Frank Nate are inhabited, with M. Friedman, H. Lewis, T. Shurtz and G. Stigler, etc. Like these people, he believes in the new liberal economic theory, advocating the market economy of freedom, opposes state-owned intervention economic production, and the Lord to establish an economic scientific system with microeconomic theory as a scientific basis. In this system, he advocated the combination of macroeconomic theory and microeconomic theory to establish the entire economics on the basis of freedom of launching and market balance. Like Niit and Schultz, he adheres to the universality of capital concepts; like Friedman, his negative theory should be such a need for the intuitive description of phenomena, and think that theory can only be used "Forecast" is feasible; like Stirler, he emphasizes the role of information and search activities in the labor market; like most Chicago economists, he is skeptical about the government's intelligence. Finally, it should be pointed that Becker's academic thinking and theoretical point of view, not just concentrating the "Chicago Tradition", compared with its peers, not only more, but also developed new applications, thus He received the "Theoretical Innovator".
Phoenix Finance News Beijing time on May 5th, according to the New York Times report, 1992 Nobel Economics Award winner Gary S · Becker (Gary S. Becker) was died in Chicago on Saturday (May 4), and enjoyed 83 years old.
The University of Becker's Chicago announced the news of this sociology and economic giant. Becker has written many books and is widely considered to be an outstanding person in the field of economics, just like their teachers and colleagues Milton Friedman, Becker also advocates the free market.
Becker and Milton Friedman are two people who have won the Nobel's Economics Award and the US President's Free Medal. In 2007, the US President Bush was issued to Becker, and Bush said that Becker was "one of the most influential economists in the past 100 years."
Becker's most famous achievements are their research in labor economics. In the premise of assumed all elements in society, Becker focuses on the incentive factors of human behavior, rather than the overall economic trend. His achievements inspire researchers in other fields such as anthropology and political science.
In 2011, Chicago University named Becker and Milton Friedman named a research institution called Becker Friedman Economics, after Becker as this The Director of the Institute.