Friedrich Bejius


German famous chemist and chemical industry experts, was born in Breslan in 1884, working in a small chemical plant owned by his father, familiar with general chemical production process. 1907 received a Ph.D. in Leipzig University. He has an interest from the chemical reaction under the pressurized in Burg, and studies the method of treatment of hydrogen and heavy oil to generate gasoline, which is due to the guiding role he got by Ipatcaff. He first made this method in 1912, but the process of verifying from the laboratory for 12 years for a practical industry. In 1911, he served as an associate professor at the University of Hanwei, taught physical chemistry and industrial chemistry. In 1914, he participated in Essen's Gord Schmitch Branch, and served as the company's laboratory director, started his research career.

He invented the method of extracting industrial gasoline from coal, known as Belius law. This method is to mix the coal with crude oil into a paste, and then hydrogenated by the catalyst at two hundred atmospheres. A ton of to toantacco can produce 180 gallons of vehicle gasoline. During the First World War, in order to solve the difficulties of German oil shortages, Belius law has played a certain strategic role. He also invented the other two important methods. First, high temperature hydrochloride is phenol; second, the ethylene is directly converted to ethylene glycol. In addition, he cooperated with Wales Tight and other, the use of the hydrolysis of the wood pulp industry to sugar, protein. In 1931, Belius and Carl Boys jointly won Nobel Chemical Bonus. During the Second World War, Germany applied Bejius's method to provide gasoline, and made a certain amount of substances available from wood. After World War II, Beju is reluctant to stay in Germany. He migrated to Austria, then went to Spain, and finally arrived at Argentina and as a technical consultant of the government. But he went to Argentina to die after about a year.


He uses his life in the study of chemical reaction under high pressure and has achieved extraordinary achievements. His professionalism huge "Application of high pressure of chemical effect" enables people to extract liquid fuel from coal, and extract sugar from wood. More importantly, using this method can split polymer into simple molecules, this technique has an epoch-era in chemistry research.

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