Engelbart born in Portland, Oregon, USA, January 30, 1925, is a broadcast repair and sales practitioner Carl The second child of Carl Engelbart. After studying a 2-year university, Engelbart served in the US Navy from 1944 to 1946. In 1948, a bachelor's degree was obtained in Oregon State University. In 1956, an electrical engineering / computer was obtained in Berkeley, California.
After completing the studies, Engelbat entered the famous Stanford Research Institute. During the Stanford Institute, Engelbat actively promoted and participated in the Apa network plan of the US Department of Defense. Stanford Research Institute and California University Los Angeles, California University St. Barbara, and Utah University is the first to access the four sites of Apa.com, Sagrbat himself is one of the 13 main researchers in the initial plan. . Although Engelbat did not participate in the key Snowport meeting in the Apa net program, it has played a positive role in the implementation of the entire plan.
October 1957, a positive Soviet satellite on the day. Let the Americans are surprised and a forward-looking scientific research has also attached great importance to it. One day, Egnalbart suddenly got an invitation to agency. This is the Stanford Research Institute (SRI) in Menlo Park. They are deeply interested in the long-term research in science, military and commercial applications.
Engelbat designed a palm size, a wheel-based equipment in 1963. This device is also the prototype of the mouse. Engelbart recalled in an interview in 1987. At the beginning of the design mouse, he thought of the Planimeter. The striper is also a wheel-based device, and the technician can use it to measure the area of irregular geometry.
Engelbat's colleague William English, is the chief engineer of Stanford Research Institute, responsible for the repair and testing of the cursor controller. In 1964, Yogolic has launched the prototype of the first mouse. This mouse consists of a wooden box, only one button on the surface. There are two small wheels below the wooden box, which are connected to the potentiometer: a responsible for looking for the X coordinate position, and another responsible for the Y coordinate position.
December 9, 1968. On this day, Engelbat took a podium in the San Francisco Brooks Hall, showing the world with the study of the study of the study of 10 years: NLS system.
In 90 minutes, Engelbart demonstrated the mouse, the text editor, hyperlink, text graphic mix, etc., also talked about Apa.com (Arpanet, Internet) The former body) and the future of scientific and technological progress. Engelbat believes that with the development of networks and technology, he can not perform demo activities in NLS systems anywhere in the country. In fact, he was already able to hold a video conference with colleagues of 30 miles. The activities in the San Francisco Brooks Hall were also known as the "mother".
1969, Stanford Research Institute became one of the earliest Nodes of the ARPA. The college also expanded the research content and became a network information center. At the beginning of the 1970s, the role of Engelbat was not far from the goal, but the research team began to question the prospects. In 1975, after 12 years, ARPA finally abandoned the college. The person has dropped from 35 sharply to more than a dozen, and has dropped from more than a dozen to several, and finally only the Engelbat is left.
In 1977, the Stanford Research Institute sold the computer system developed by the Engelbart team to Tymshare, Engelbart left.
From 1963 to 1975, it is a wild period of computer technology. Especially in the 1970s, new computer culture has been brewed. Engelbat discovers yourself to clamp your employees and the radicals of your students. Since the 70s, many important members of Many Engelbat were left to Stanford Research Institute.
to the 1980s, the computer system he manufactured began to actually play in office automation. At this time, people began to pay attention to the views of Engelbat.
Due to the death of the disease
Douglas Engelbart died on July 2, 2013, the year was 88 years old, and the death caused by kidney disease.
Achievements and Honor
Mouse Patent Application In 1967, it was issued in 1970 and numbered 3,541,541. The definition of this patent is: "The display system XY position indicator is moved by hand to move the cursor on the cathode ray tube display; the signal generated by the indicator control indicates its position, allowing the cursor corresponding to the display screen. The location appeared. "
In 1997, he received a Lemelson-mit prize issued by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
May 10, 1998, ACM held a grand award ceremony during the "Policy'98" meeting held in Washington, DC, and awarded Douglas Engelbat in 1997 (Douglas). Engelbart). The annual Tu Leon Prize is $ 25,000 by Lucent Company.
2000, the US President Clinton issued him awarded the National Medal of Technology and Innovation.
Engelbart is active in the San Francisco Bay Area. With him a total of 40 years of wife died before 1998, he has four children and 9 grandson (female).
Bill Clinton: "In the computer revolution, Engelbart has created more important personal computer components than others."
Scott McNile: "When the network computer technology is not popular, Douglas is the pioneer in this field."
Ted Nelson: "proposed a foresee but failed to get it Honor, this situation is completely existent. People pay more attention to Douglas Engelbat, the reason is like you stand next to the New York Empire Building, but you don't know how high it is, you only know it than You are high. "
Yan Bingxi:" Computer in the 1960s is only staying in the initial stage of processing digital, the greatness of Engelbat lies in that he proposes a computer to serve human services. His forward-looking prediction and The invention has been constantly become reality in the next four decades. "
Feng Meiling:" His thoughts are inspired and incentives to others, and the genius of Steve Jobs. "
Villa Ran said: "I have been in contact with him in the past five years. I am the most impressed by En Galbart is 'his great, his humble'."