concept of traceability
sports corresponding English as sport, derived from the ancient Latin deportare. Sport initially referred to as "action fun-filled outdoors carried out according to the physical," including shooting, fishing, hunting and other recreational activities, evolved into gaming, entertainment and sports assembly has a competitive nature, and with the widespread popularity of English around the world.
In my country, more representative had defined the concept as proposed by Jiaxing in 1986: "sports refers to the overall development of the body, taking full advantage of and play to people (individuals or groups) on the basis of physical, psychological, intellectual and other aspects of the potential to climb the peak technology and sports to create outstanding athletic performance as the main purpose of a sport activity process. the basic "
the concept of competitive sports in China consensus is, belong to the category of sports physical activity, the pursuit of athletic performance maximization, maximizing human ability, continue to make breakthroughs and achieve excellent results, its manifestations are mainly a winner in sports competition.
Competitive: fierce competition is an essential feature different from the public school physical education and sport competitive sports. But also because of competitive sports exclusive.
Normative: Modern sports athletes play for the protection of tactics, developed a large number of rules in order to maintain normal game. At the same time technical and tactical training of athletes is based on regulatory requirements.
Equity: sports does not favor any contestant on events, time, location, location equipment, athletes qualify both were clearly defined, and competition requirements to comply with the relevant subjects of common code of conduct.
openness: openness so that the sports have a stronger ability to communicate and more influence and promote the exchange and fair competition and event technical and tactical movement forward.
utilitarian: competitive sports has a clear utilitarian purpose, victory will be accompanied by various forms of income. Moreover, competition among the results produced in the confrontation, through social recognition, resulting in a direct and rapid, unequivocal.
Uncertainty: the game unforeseen circumstances and unexpected often happens, is the charm of sports.
Entertainment: competitive sports with the development of increasingly fierce competition, but did not lose the entertainment features, victory for participants or just to participate can get psychological satisfaction, for the viewer, it can easily be obtained , freedom and beauty.
far away in the early prehistoric human life, we have to win featuring original appearance, simplicity of form sports. Since then, this type of activity and the long-term development of the ancient, more colorful content, many projects have been slightly taking shape, its shape and lay the foundation for the modern movement. In the whole field of modern sports, competitions gained increasing independence, and was named "sports." In modern times, the continuous development of sports, evolution, not only matured in the theoretical principles and practices, and the impact has been expanded to become a special social phenomenon across all sectors of society, spread to five continents. People often say that sports is an art, because sports can transcend language barriers and other social factors, relying on the public media, without resorting to other forms of Ming and additional conditions (such as translation) can be directly accepted . Art is the aesthetic consciousness materialized concentrated expression, it can strongly attracted people's aesthetic. Competitive sports have a variety of effective rules to prevent unfair, it is to create an artistic, giving a both intense, wonderful and harmonious, beautiful feeling.
Athlete Selection: basic training and sports, according to the characteristics of the project requirements, the use of modern technology to pick a good athletic young people to become competitive sports reserve forces.
sports training: under the guidance of coaches or athletes in the conditions of self-selected, organized and planned educational process in order to improve the athletic ability and performance, is the most important way to achieve the goal of competitive sports.
athletic competition: the core elements of contact sports links, both training test platform, but also the competitive sports and social relationship, the role of the social media platform.
sports management: to provide a good environment organized to promote the development of athletics, sports management is also an important indicator to measure the level of competitive sports.
sustainable development of competitive sports in China has become China's sports new era must study and solve important issues, China sports to achieve sustainable development will inevitably have a direct contact with the sports resources, sports and play the role of resources to effectively support the sustainable development of competitive sports must be effective resource regulation. Therefore, starting from the resource-control study of competitive sports in sustainable development has become a practical way. Articles draw the following basic conclusions:
1. Sports Resource and is a condition to ensure the normal operation of the sports system. Sports Resource has a generative, regulatory, social, and other features of the limited nature and integrity; competitive sports resources has a direct view of the guiding role of Sports Resource regulatory and planning for sustainable development of competitive sports; competitive sports concept consists of system resource view , development, value, dialectical view, open view of other components.
2. Sports resource endowment of a country or region reflected in the structure of competitive sports resources, distribution, quantity and quality. The existence of competitive sports resource endowments on the strengths and weaknesses objectively, through the effective regulation of sports resources, comparative advantage can be obtained Sports Resource and further into a competitive force in competitive sports.
3. The overall objective of resource regulation Transition Period in my country to establish a sound competitive sports is sports resources for training, development, deployment and use of "four in one" type of control system focusing on the content. Sports Resources balanced utilization of social and economic benefits. Basic balance between regulation of sports production and demand. Develop sports resource industries. Perfect sports resources market. Sound system construction regulations Sports Resources. Promote the sustainable development of competitive sports of the main types of resources.
4. Future sustainable development of Chinese competitive sports is to create value choice in essence on the basis of competitive sports. Sports meet social needs is the driving force for sustainable development of competitive sports, competitive sports to maintain internal systems and the coordinated development of the external environment is an important condition for sustainable development of competitive sports and assurance.
5. Under the guidance of the concept of sports development, formulate development strategies of competitive sports is an important way to regulate the national sports resources. The goal of sustainable development of China's sports strategy is to analyze the major issues facing the Chinese sports in the future development, opportunities and challenges, planning Chinese competitive sports, the long-term development strategy. With the provisions of the new era "Olympic Glory Plan" objectives and tasks as the basic reference, start to develop programs for sustainable development of Chinese competitive sports.
6. Current reasonable strategic choice for sustainable development of Chinese competitive sports is to continue while a new round of Olympic Glory strategy to start sustainable development strategy. To achieve the ultimate goal of sustainable development strategy of competitive sports in China to go through the initial stages of the development stage of development and maturity. The sustainable development of Chinese competitive sports strategy includes four priorities: human resource development strategy of competitive sports is the focus of the entire stage; competitive "social, industrial, scientific, international," the construction of sports is the focus of the medium-term period; sports management Institution-building is the key long-term strategic phase.
1959 March 25th World Table Tennis Championships tennis rongguotuan held in Germany in athletes get the first in the history of Chinese sports world champion. Since then the Chinese sports fruitful. By the end of 2003, Chinese athletes won the world championship 1695, a record world record over 1106 times. Among them, 15 years since the 1989 world champion in 1341, accounting for 79.1% of the total; a super world record 724, accounting for 65.5% of the total, is the continued rapid development of China's sports stage.
National Sports Conference, held since 2000, is a major reform of China's sports system. National Sports Conference multi-sports non-Olympic events, which aims to meet the needs of the masses for a variety of sports, to promote and increase the popularity of non-Olympic sports, and promote harmonious development between competitive sports and mass sports. After successfully held twice, from 2002, the National Sports Conference, held every four years.
In 2003, approved by the Beijing Municipal Government and the Chinese Olympic Committee, Beijing formally proposed to the International Olympic Committee to host the 2006 World Sport for All Congress. World Sport for All Congress held every two years, supported by the International Olympic Committee, the International Coordinating Committee of the World group organizations, International Sports Federations, the World Health Organization, UNESCO and other agencies co-sponsored, with the aim through lectures thematic seminars, panel discussions, cultural or sports exchange activities, excursions, etc. outreach mass sports knowledge, introduce various countries and regions in the case of mass sports activities, discuss issues related to the development of mass sports in the world. The year 2006 the city will host the polls in November 2004 in Rome, Italy. Beijing is going all out to do the work of the bid.
February 3, 2004, the State Council promulgated the "Anti-Doping Code," the first time-doping, anti-doping issues obligation, doping control and testing and legal responsibilities to make the detailed provisions. The regulations shall take effect March 1, 2004 formally implemented.
Competitive Sports Features
refers to beat his opponent, achieved outstanding athletic performance, maximize and improve individual and collective potential in terms of the physical, physical, mental and athletic ability, etc. scientific training and competition, the system performed. With sports training and athletic competition in two forms. Features are:
1) fully mobilize the strength and potential of athletes, mental and psychological aspects;
2) intense competition and confrontational nature;< p> 3) with the participation of stamina and superb skills;
4) in accordance with uniform rules of competition, international, have recognized the results of;
5) entertainment . Sports project undertaken in the world today is a product of social history. Far in 700 years BC, ancient Greece, there have been running, throwing, wrestling and other projects, it has been the development of hundreds of species. General project undertaken include track and field, gymnastics, basketball, volleyball, soccer, table tennis, badminton, weightlifting, swimming, cycling and so on. All countries and regions have their own special traditional items, such as the Chinese martial arts, Southeast Asia's sepak takraw, kabaddi and so on. Its development is closely related to politics, economy, culture, education, science and technology countries and regions.
6) ornamental. With the continuous development of society, sports has grown more and more mature, more and more standardized, but with the growing popularity of various sports, watching sports and love of people is gradually increasing, so that different sports can grow flourish, showing a flourishing situation.
7) have some educational value, the fitness for all, to explore more sports talent, foster interest in young people.