Buman Site

Site Overview

Discovered in 1930, discovered from 1980 to 1982. It is found that multiple arranged high slate rock columns may be the pillar of the house. The main remains are a slate, a slate, a group of groups, and a group of groups may be a family cemetery. There is only one person in the coffin, and there are two people or more people. The custom of pulling the side oriented or dog teeth at that time. Some deceased head buckle a large-scale pottery. Rock, jade and pottery, etc. with funerary goods.

and the inheritance focused in the Swong ruins is distributed in the Taitung Plains and Taitung Valley, named the Hualian Culture, the age of 3,000 ~ 1000.

Founded to rescue

The earliest record for the Hualong ruins is the birth of human scholars in the early government. During the four-degree survey of birds, the birds were taken in the humanology survey, and two photos were taken for the surface stone pillars of the Hualong site, and time may be 1896. Luo Yusheng is the first scholar who studies the criterion of the Human Site as an archaeological site. He described in the article published in 1930, and there is a unclear slate column stand on the surface. Deer is used to use the legend of the Beizheng nationality. It is speculated that there is an ancient tribe, and the stone pillar is the residue of the housing. During the fifty-year period of Qixie, the focus of scholars mainly is mainly the historyl stone of the surface. In 1945, the Golden husband, the national score took a trigger around the largest stone, initially found underground pottery and housing remains.

After World War I, the domestic scholars who have come to the Swong site survey will not be a few, but they have not been discovered. In 1975, the Taitung County Government laid as local monuments in 1979, and in 1979, it is re-improved to Taiwan's three-level monuments, but the site protection work has not been implemented. In 1980, the South Hua Railway, the new station (now Taitung Station) started, and the inheritance of the underground will be slender for thousands of years, and the relics have been exposed, and severe damage, causing high concerns of public opinion and parties. The Taitung County Government entrusted Taiwan University's Archaeological Anthology Department of Song Wenxun, and Li Zhao Di Double professor was carried out to rescue archaeological. The rescue archaeological work has been taken from 13 ladders. It has been 9 years before and after. Whether it is the exploitation area, unearthed stone and relics are unprecedented records in Taiwan's archaeological history. Especially a large number of exquisite jade is reproduced in the world, and it is amazing. One of the most representative prehistoric sites of Taiwan has no doubt.

Ancient gathering

calculated by the 14th year of the carbon, the age of the Hualong site is approximately 5,300 to 2,300 years ago, it is 3,500 to 2,300 years ago. The most prosperous. The housing of the ancient hyperbeched housing is listed, and it is slightly in the axial axial direction of the North and the Northern Mountain. Each home house is sitting in the West East, Yuanwang stream and the ocean. The home home is a rectangular plane, with a length of 11.5 meters, and 5.5 meters wide north and south. Take the slate slate, the big rock is the wall, the wood is the column, the house wall, the roof is the bamboo frame, the crepe. The roof is paved in front of the slate, and there is an oval rock ring after the house, which is used to store food and large pottery. There are also sporadic distribution elevated margins in the gathering, and the strips are equipped with a mouse. Hunting and farming are the main studies of the Hualong cultural people. They are hunting wild boars in the mountains, in the hills, plains. Planted cereals have dry rice, millet, open up the fields in the "Yamada Burning". Outstanding farming tools are quite a large, there is a slate, stone ax, harvested stone knife, stone sickle, stone shovel, etc. The main tools of hunting have stone spears, stone hunters, etc. Although the gathering is on the verge of Han China, the villagers are not good at fishing, and fish are just auxiliary food.

Buman Site

Long-term settlement has promoted the development of various types of process technologies. In addition to rock tools, 等 等 石, the pottery is one of the most common equipment for daily life, mainly used to water, storage and cooking. Turning is usually a hand-made, even and use turntable renovation technology, it is bonded in open-air, and the fire is low. The appearance is mainly based on orange, there are small texture. The main instrument is shaped, the tank, the tank, etc., as well as the pottery wheel, the pottery, the pottery, and the pottery, and there are also a little decoration such as POA, Tao Ring, with the burial, such as Podio. Exquisite jade can most develop people's aesthetic and process technology capabilities. Including jade, earrings, neck, chest, wristbands, arms, and some non-practicable weapons, tools, varies from a variety of non-practical weapons, tools. On the contrast, the rumored earrings are most varied. People of others can be used as a representative, and have become the emblem of the prehistoric museum. In the production process, Xiaoyuling's meticulous and long-jade tube is most quicker. These jade is more common decorations, and after the death of people, they will burn the foundation with the funerary. The people are quite important to those behind, and the main funeral is a rectangular slate. The long axis of the stone can be the same as the axial direction of the ground house, slightly north-south direction, pointing to Turland. The deceased funerals, and the feet also point to Turland, it seems that there is the soul of the soul. A slate usually buries a deceased and has repeated burial. Most adults and minority have invasive funerals, including jade, stone decorations, weapons, tools, ceramic weapons, pottery containers. Some classes have a larger, and even the stone is 椁, with the funerary quality. Dead relatives usually buried in or near the house, with the gods. The unearthed home house is closely overlapped up and down to the high characteristics of the Hualong site.

Beige ruins (5 photos)

Reline value

Comprehensive research results in the years, the special nature of the estate It can be summarized as follows:

(1) The largest site of the scope of scope in the history of Taiwan, the excavation area of ​​about 10,000 square meters. (2) The most designs of Taiwan unearthed cultural relics have unearthed from nearly 1,600, pottery, stone, and other relics.

(3) The number of unearthed jade models and quantities in Taiwan.

(4) The largest prehistoric site of Taiwan has an important part of approximately 20-30 hectares, and the generalized site area is about 80-100 hectares.

(fifth) The ruins of the most complete settling state and information in the history of Taiwan.

(six) The largest slate slate in the Southeast Asia is the largest slate.

Taiwan's "Administrative Institute Wenjianhui" has actively promoted the survey of the world heritage potential point in Taiwan, and the Hualian ruins included one of the listings of 11 preliminary selection, and it is unique Archaeological site nature list name. The results of the first review, the Subaranti Site and the Tulu National Park, the Alishan Forest Railway, which are all in factors such as significant and special value, and the most potential point. Regardless of academic research, heritage preservation, local education or intellective tourism perspective, the Hualong site has an irreplaceable value.

Reline Park

Based on the importance of the estate of the estate, Song Wenxun proposes to build a field museum in 1982. After a long-term anti-discussion, the 1991 policy decision site is now planning to "Hualian Cultural Park", and the first planner is 18.4 hectares. The planning and design work cooperates with the results of the truck, and commissioned the CMM Environmental Conformity Consultant Company to make overall management, and we will have a successful hair construction since 83. To 1999, the main facilities in the first phase have been completed. Regrettably, during the construction period, it has been competed in the demand for farmers to broaden the roads of the park. After years of coordination, it is not possible to use the license after the tourist center is completed. Later, hencer the team was positively involved by the Taiwan Administration Administration Sightseeing Development, which was found to be fundamentally solved. In December 2002, the Hualian Cultural Park Tourist Center was officially opened, and the first ruins of Taiwan was born.

The planning concept of the entire park is to treat the site as a Sky Museum. In order to perform the idea of ​​coexisting with the site, it is expected to play the standards of building science and technology in the end of the century, and the selection of architectural landscape design and even materials is considered again. Combined with the dissertation of the underground relics, the wishes of the park is planned for the facility utilization zone and the native planting area, and the east side is presented in a large lawn. The tourist service center is designed to be a four-order single-storey building with a large span integrated truss structure and lead gray stainless steel tile. The structure is very bright. The entrance square is circular, and the integrated material is formed into a suspensory, shell-shaped configuration, and the stability of the overall structure is formed. The open-air performance field uses the natural terrain to set the circular arc-shaped auditorium, and the survings around the week. The facilities of the entire park, the gentleman integrate into the green natural environment.

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