In the past 40 years, the development of life sciences has been extremely rapid, and the combination of life sciences and engineering technology has become more The coming closer and closer, the use of engineering technology can make quantitative predictions of biological production and control its growth process. At the same time, the engineering problems of biology-based biological production and its product processing also followed. The major of biosystem engineering came into being. From 1996 to 1999, scholars of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (ZengBj) promoted the development of systems biological sciences and engineering internationally. At the same time, they adopted "systems biological engineering" and "biosystems engineering" and redefined them as biological systems engineering at the ecological, organ, cellular, and molecular levels. In the 21st century, Switzerland established the "biosystems science and engineering" department based on systems biology, that is, the integration of biosystems engineering and systems bioengineering into an engineering application discipline of systems biology.
Professional talents who understand both the language of biologists and engineers
In the next 10 years, the result of the development of biotechnology will be various engineers Cooperate with biological scientists to complete the same research project. For example, biologists and traditional professional engineers (such as mechanical engineers, electrical engineers, chemical engineers, and civil engineers, etc.) need to participate in the research of animal waste. There is a need for a special kind of engineer who can solve problems related to biology and engineering. They understand both the language of biologists and engineers, who can communicate with people from these two aspects, and are familiar with the two ways of solving problems. This kind of compound talent is the high-level specialized talents to be cultivated by the discipline of biosystem engineering-biosystem engineers. Biosystems engineers are unique engineers based on biology. In addition to taking mathematics, physics, and chemistry as the foundations of ordinary engineers, they should also have a comprehensive understanding of the potential applications of biology and possess advanced engineering disciplines. Compound talents with a good foundation in biology and a good foundation in biology can apply advanced engineering principles and designs to biological systems, solve engineering problems related to biological production and processing, and improve biological production methods and biological growth environment. Control the biological growth process and the processing of biological materials, design biological systems that improve people's quality of life, and provide advanced engineering techniques and equipment for the rational use of biological resources. Since the trained biological system engineers have cross-cutting knowledge and a broad foundation, they have both a biological science knowledge background and an engineering technology background, and they understand the languages of both biologists and professional engineers, so they have the ability to interact with biologists and other professional engineers (such as The ability to work together in civil engineering, chemical engineering, mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, etc.) is a bridge between professional engineers and biologists, and has the ability to undertake major cross-disciplinary and cross-professional projects or projects, and become the organization and coordination of biologists and professional engineers. Organizers and leaders who work together.
This major mainly includes engineering biology, biological system control engineering, biological system transmission process, biological material science, biological system simulation, biological production robot, testing technology and biology Sensor, microcomputer principle and application, management information system, computer image processing, precision agriculture and 3S technology, control theory, biological environmental engineering, system analysis and system management, management information system and biological environment detection technology, etc.
An engineering technology discipline serving "biological systems"
The biosystem engineering major is the comprehensive application of engineering technology, biological sciences and information Technology, an engineering discipline that takes biological production and related environment, equipment and engineering facilities as the research object, and serves biological production, processing and rational use of resources. The biological system engineering major is not to study the development law of biology itself, nor the application of biological knowledge in a specific field, but to understand the knowledge and development law of biology, to apply engineering technology, information technology and management technology. Biological growth creates the most suitable growth environment, improves biological production efficiency, and makes the most reasonable use of resources. In addition to serving agriculture, this major will also provide advanced engineering techniques and equipment for the rational use of biological resources, the processing of biological products, and the establishment of biological systems that can improve people's quality of life. It can be seen from the above definition and service objectives of the biosystem engineering profession that the connotation of the biosystem engineering profession is clear, which is completely different from bioengineering or biotechnology. Moreover, the establishment of this major can promote the further intersection of engineering technology and biotechnology, and provide engineering technical means and facilities for the development of biological disciplines.
The employment field is very broad
The training of biological systems engineers starts with teaching basic sciences such as mathematics, physics, chemistry, and biology, and then trains engineering The methodology of analysis and synthesis is finally guided to professional applications to cultivate their analysis and design capabilities. Through such training, biological system engineers not only have the ability of description and association required by biologists, but also have the ability of calculation and conception required by engineers, and understand the potential impact of engineering methods on plants, animals, humans and the environment. The flexibility and adaptability of biosystems engineers in the profession will make them feel their strengths in the unit, and put them in a unique and advantageous position in the employment competition, and their employment fields will also be very broad. Biosystems engineers can find employment opportunities in the following fields, such as: bioprocessing engineering, ecosystem engineering, food engineering, horticulture engineering, agricultural engineering, animal systems engineering, aquatic engineering, human engineering, medical engineering, microbial systems engineering, and the disabled Rehabilitation engineering, water resources and environmental engineering, etc. Moreover, with the development of life sciences, people's understanding of biological systems is further deepened, the ability to manipulate and control biological systems is further strengthened, and the employment prospects of biological systems engineers will also be better.